Coastal Vulnerability Assessment of Cumberland Island National Seashore (Cuis) To Sea-Level RiseEntry ID: USGS_OFR_2004_1196
Abstract: A coastal vulnerability index (CVI) was used to map the relative vulnerability
of the coast to future sea-level rise within Cumberland Island National
Seashore in Georgia. The CVI ranks the following in terms of their physical
contribution to sea-level rise-related coastal change: geomorphology, regional
coastal slope, rate of relative sea-level rise, historical shoreline change
rates, mean tidal ... range and mean significant wave height. The rankings for each
input variable were combined and an index value calculated for 1-minute grid
cells covering the park. The CVI highlights those regions where the physical
effects of sea-level rise might be the greatest. This approach combines the
coastal system's susceptibility to change with its natural ability to adapt to
changing environmental conditions, yielding a quantitative, although relative,
measure of the park's natural vulnerability to the effects of sea-level rise.
The CVI provides an objective technique for evaluation and long-term planning
by scientists and park managers. Cumberland Island National Seashore consists
of stable to washover-dominated portions of barrier beach backed by wetland,
marsh, mudflat and tidal creek. The areas within Cumberland that are likely to
be most vulnerable to sea-level rise are those with the lowest foredune ridge
and highest rates of shoreline erosion.
[Summary provided by the USGS.]
(Click for Interactive Map)
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Elizabeth A. Pendleton, E. Robert Thieler, S. Jeffress Williams
Dataset Title: Coastal Vulnerability Assessment of Cumberland Island National Seashore (Cuis) To Sea-Level Rise
Dataset Series Name: Open File Report 2004-1196
Dataset Release Date: 2004
Dataset Release Place: Woods Hole, MA
Dataset Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Data Presentation Form: maps, reportsOnline Resource: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1196/
BIOSPHERE > TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS > BEACHES
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > BARRIER ISLANDS
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > BEACHES
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > COASTAL ELEVATION
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > EROSION
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > SEA LEVEL RISE
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > SEA SURFACE HEIGHT
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > SEDIMENT TRANSPORT
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > SHORELINE DISPLACEMENT > CHANGE RATES
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > SHORELINES
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > STORM SURGE
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > TIDAL HEIGHT
OCEANS > OCEAN WAVES > WAVE HEIGHT
OCEANS > SEA SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY > SEA SURFACE SLOPE
OCEANS > TIDES > TIDAL RANGE > MEAN TIDAL RANGE
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT > ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS > COASTAL VULNERABILITY
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > SOCIAL BEHAVIOR > VULNERABILITY LEVELS/INDEX
ISO Topic Category
Quality This database was developed as part of the Core Database for the State of Kansas. It is suited for county-level and watershed-level analyzes that involve land use and land cover.
See abstract for accuracy assessment results.
The eleven mapped classes are defined as:
Commercial/Industrial (class code 11)- commercial/industrial land consists of areas of ... intensive use with much of the land covered by structures or other hard surfaces. These areas are used predominantly for the manufacture and sale of products and/or services. This category includes the central business districts of cities, towns, and villages; suburban shopping centers and strip developments; educational, governmental, religious, health, correctional and institutional facilities; industrial and commercial complexes; and communications, power, and transportation facilities. The main buildings, secondary structures, and areas supporting the basic use are all included - office buildings, warehouses, driveways, parking lots, landscaped areas, streets, etc. Highways or interstate systems running through the core of urban areas, are also included in this class.
Residential (class code 12)- residential land consists of areas of medium density housing characterized by a more or less even distribution of vegetative cover and houses/garages, to high density housing characterized by multi-unit structures such as apartment complexes. Linear residential developments along transportation routes extending outward from urban areas are included. Rural subdivisions not directly connected to the core of an urbanized area are also included. The main buildings, secondary structures, and immediate surrounding landscape are all included (i.e., house, apartment complexes, streets, garages, driveways, parking areas, lawns, trees, etc.).
Urban-Openland (class code 13)- urban-openland consists of areas with uses such as golf courses, zoos, urban parks, cemeteries, and undeveloped land within an urban setting. Low density rural residential areas may also be included in this category. This category also includes tracts of land that have been zoned residential or commercial, but have yet to be developed.
Urban-Woodland (class code 14)- urban-woodland consists of wooded tracts within a town or city. These wooded tracts maybe associated with golf courses, zoos, urban parks, and other undeveloped land.
Urban-Water (class code 15)- urban-water consists of any open surface water within a town or city. This includes ponds, lakes, sewage settling ponds, etc.
Cropland (class code 20)- cropland includes all areas with actively growing row crop and small grains, as well as harvested lands, fallow land, and large, uniform areas of bare, plowed ground.
Grassland (class code 30)- this category includes all pasture (hayed land), rangeland, and other grasslands having insufficient trees and/or shrubs to be classified as "woodland". It does NOT include conservation reserve program (CRP) land.
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Land (class code 31)- this category includes all lands enrolled in the conservation reserve program as determined by the 2005 Common Land Unit (CLU) database.
Woodland (class code 40) - this class includes any wooded areas having a canopy closure of 50% and greater.
Water (class code 50) - all open water bodies, including reservoirs, lakes, ponds, rivers and streams. Ephemeral streams may not be represented.
Other (class code 60)- the "other" class is used to identify land cover land use classes not previously defined. In general, this class is used for exposed bare ground other than cropland. Examples include rock quarries, sand and gravel pits, sandbars, and built-up areas less than 40 acres.
The Kansas Biological Survey (KBS) and its representatives make no warranty or representation, either expressed or implied, with respect to the digital data and their documentation, their quality, performance, merchantability, or fitness for a particular purpose. The digital data are distributed on "as is" basis, and the user assumes all risk as to their quality, the results obtained from their use, and the performance of the data. In no event will the KBS or its representatives be liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental or consequential damages resulting from and defect in the KBS's digital data or in their documentation. This disclaimer of warranty is exclusive and in lieu of all others, oral or written, expressed or implied. No agent or employee is authorized to make any modification, extension, or addition to this warranty.
Data Set Progress
Distribution Media: Online
Fees: No fees
Email: s-egbert at ku.edu
2101 Constant Avenue
Province or State: Kansas
Postal Code: 66047
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Global Change Master Directory
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2010-08-17
Last DIF Revision Date: 2010-08-18