Historical CO2 Record from the Vostok Ice Core in CDIAC
Entry ID: CDIAC_CO2_VOSTOK_ICECORE

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Summary
Abstract: Atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) have been derived
from ice cores in Antarctica. In January 1998, the collaborative
ice-drilling project between Russia, the United States, and France at
the Russian Vostok station in East Antarctica yielded the deepest ice
core ever recovered, reaching a depth of 3,623 m (Petit et al. 1997,
1999). Preliminary data indicate the Vostok ice-core record extends
through four climate cycles, with ice slightly older than 400,000
years (400 kyr) (Petit et al. 1997, 1999). The dates were determined
through an analysis of air bubbles trapped in the ice core. The
data has been extended back to 417.160 years before present.


The ice core data is available online from CDIAC at:
"http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/trends/co2/vostok.html"

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: Vostok Ice Core Data from CDIAC


Geographic Coverage
 N: -79.0 S: -79.0  E: 107.0  W: 107.0
 Min Depth: 0 M  Max Depth: 3623 M

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Barnola, J.M., D. Raynaud, C. Lorius, and N.I. Barkov
Dataset Title: Historical CO2 record from the Vostok ice core
Dataset Series Name: Trends: A Compendium of Data on Global Change
Dataset Release Date: 1999
Dataset Release Place: Oak Ridge, TN
Dataset Publisher: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center/ORNL/DOE
Version: 2003
Online Resource: http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/trends/co2/vostok.html


Paleo_Temporal_Coverage
Paleo Start Date: 417160 YBP
Paleo Stop Date: 2342 YBP
Chrono Unit:


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > ARCTIC
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >TRACE GASES/TRACE SPECIES >GREENHOUSE GASES    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >ICE CORE RECORDS >CARBON DIOXIDE    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW/ICE CHEMISTRY >CARBON DIOXIDE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW/ICE CHEMISTRY >CARBON DIOXIDE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >CARBON AND HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS >CARBON DIOXIDE    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
INLAND WATERS


Platform
GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS    [Information]


Keywords
CO2
FTP
GLOBAL WARMING
GREENHOUSE EFFECT
GREENHOUSE GAS
ICE CORE
PALEOCLIMATE
VOSTOK


Originating Center
CDIAC


Data Center
Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U. S. Department of Energy    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://cdiac.ornl.gov/

Data Center Personnel
Name: CARBON DIOXIDE INFORMATION ANALYSIS CENTER
Fax: (865) 574-2232
Contact Address:
Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
P.O.. Box 2008
City: OAK RIDGE
Province or State: TENNESSEE
Postal Code: 37831-6335
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: on-line (FTP)


Personnel
JEAN-MARC BARNOLA
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Laboratoire de Glaciologie et de
Geophysique de l''Environnement
City: Saint Martin d''Heres Cedex
Postal Code: 38402
Country: FRANCE


Y. S. KOROTKEVICH
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute
Beringa Street 38
City: St. Petersburg
Postal Code: 199226
Country: Russia


CLAUDE LORIUS
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Laboratoire de Glaciologie et de
Geophysique de l'Environnement
CNRS-CEA 91198
Gif-su-Yvette Cedex
Country: France


DOMINIQUE RAYNAUD
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 76-42-58-72
Contact Address:
Laboratoire de Glaciologie et
Geophysique de l''Environnement
54 Rue Molieres
City: St. Martin d'Heres Cedex
Postal Code: 38402
Country: FRANCE


Publications/References
Barnola, J.M., D. Raynaud, A. Neftel, and H. Oeschger. 1983.
Comparison of CO2 measurements by two laboratories on air from bubbles
in polar ice. Nature 303:410-13.

Barnola, J.M., D. Raynaud, Y.S. Korotkevich, and C. Lorius. 1987. 'Vostok ice
core provides 160,000-year record of atmospheric CO2', Nature, Vol. 329, pp.
408-414.

Barnola, J.M., P. Pimienta, D. Raynaud, and Y.S. Korotkevich. 1991.
'CO2-climate relationship as deduced from the Vostok ice core: A re-examination
based on new measurements and on a re-evaluation of the air dating', Tellus,
Vol. 43(B), pp. 83-90.

Delmas, R.J., J.-M. Ascencio, and M. Legrand. 1980. Polar ice
evidence that atmospheric CO2 20,000 yr BP was 50% of present. Nature
284:155-57.

Jouzel, J., J.R. Petit, C.Genthon, N.I. Barkov, V.M. Kotlyakov, and V.M.
Petrov. 1987. ' Vostok ice core: A continuous isotopic temperature record over
the last climatic cycle (160,000 years)', Nature, Vol. 329, pp. 403-408.

Jouzel,J., J.R. Petit, and D. Raynaud. 1990. 'Paleoclimatic information from
ice cores-The Vostok records', Trans. Royal Soc. Edinburgh-Earth Sci, Vol. 81,
pp. 349-355.

Lorius, C., J. Jouzel, C. Ritz, L. Merlivat, N.I. Barkov,
Y.S. Korotkevich, and V.M. Kotlyakov. 1985. A 150,000-year climatic
record from Antarctic ice. Nature 316:591-96.

Neftel, A., H. Oeschger, J. Schwander, B. Stauffer, and
R. Zumbrunn. 1982. Ice core measurements give atmospheric CO2 content
during the past 40,000 yr. Nature 295:220-23.

Neftel, A., E. Moor, H. Oeschger, and B. Stauffer. 1985. Evidence
from polar ice cores for the increase in atmospheric CO2 in the past
two centuries. Nature 315:45-47.

Pepin, L., D. Raynaud, J.-M. Barnola, and
M. F. Loutre. 2001. Hemispheric roles of climate forcings during
glacial-interglacial transitions as deduced from the Vostok record and
LLN-2D model experiments. Journal of Geophysical Research 106 (D23):
31,885-31,892.

Petit, J.R., I. Basile, A. Leruyuet, D. Raynaud, C. Lorius, J. Jouzel,
M. Stievenard, V.Y. Lipenkov, N.I. Barkov, B.B. Kudryashov, M. Davis,
E. Saltzman, and V. Kotlyakov. 1997. Four climate cycles in Vostok
ice core. Nature 387: 359-360.

Petit, J.R., J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N.I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola,
I. Basile, M. Benders, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delayque,
M. Delmotte, V.M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V.Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius,
L. P pin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard. 1999. Climate and
atmospheric history of the past 420,000 years from the Vostok ice
core, Antarctica. Nature 399: 429-436.

Raynaud, D., and J.M. Barnola. 1985. ' An Antarctic ice core reveals
atmospheric CO2 variations over the past few centuries', Nature, Vol. 315, pp.
45-47.

Schwander, J., and B. Stauffer. 1984. 'Age difference between polar ice and the
air trapped in its bubbles', Nature, Vol. 311, pp. 45-47.

Staffelbach, T., B. Stauffer, A. Sigg, and H. Oeschger. 1991. "CO2
measurements from polar ice cores: more data from different sites",
Tellus 43(B), pp. 91-96.

Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-08-29

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