Soil Geomorphic Record of Climate Change and Quaternary Landscape Evolution in Southern New Mexico (Chihuahuan Desert)
Entry ID: USDA0403

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Summary
Abstract: The "Soil Geomorphic Record of Climate Change and Quaternary Landscape
Evolution in Southern New Mexico (Chihuahuan Desert)" database tracks natural
cycles of climate change and quaternary landscape evolution in southern New
Mexico using soil-geomorphic studies.


Collection Organization: New Mexico State University

Collection Methodology: Landscape stability and soil formation depends on the
abundance of vegetative cover which, in turn, is dependent on moisture. By
radiometrically dating soil development, periods of aridity can by inferred.
Calcium carbonate in buried soils has an isotopic signature that reflects the
vegetation types and mean annual temperature that occurred before the soil was
buried. Mass spectrometer analysis of carbon and oxygen isotopes can provide
information on both paleoecology and paleotemperatures. Buried soils, if well
preserved, contain fossil pollen which provides information about the
vegetation during the time before the soil was buried. The migration of sand
dunes and their stabilization and pedogenic alteration also provides
information on previous climates, based on the premise that dune migration is
most active during arid periods. Soil formation on sediment deposited by
paleolakes can provide information about the expansion and contraction of lakes
which is dependent on both precipitation and temperature.

Collection Frequency: Ongoing research.

Update Characteristics: Ongoing.

STATISTICAL INFORMATION:

100s of stable isotope values.
LANGUAGE:

English
ACCESS/AVAILABILITY:

Data Center: New Mexico State University
Dissemination Media: Hard copy, diskette
Access Instructions: Contact the data center.
Access Restrictions: None
Availability Status: On Request

Geographic Coverage
 N: 34.17 S: 13.05  E: -85.18  W: -118.48

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1950-01-01


Paleo_Temporal_Coverage
Chrono Unit:


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > NEW MEXICO


Science Keywords
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >SOIL CHEMISTRY    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >SOIL CLASSIFICATION    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >SOIL MECHANICS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >POLLEN    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >LAKES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >EROSION/SEDIMENTATION >SEDIMENT CHEMISTRY    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >EROSION/SEDIMENTATION >SEDIMENTATION    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >EROSION/SEDIMENTATION >STRATIGRAPHIC SEQUENCE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LAND USE/LAND COVER >LAND PRODUCTIVITY    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL CLASSIFICATION    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL HORIZONS/PROFILE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL MECHANICS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL STRUCTURE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >TOPOGRAPHY >LANDFORMS    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >LAND RECORDS >POLLEN    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >LAND RECORDS >RADIOCARBON    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >LAND RECORDS >SEDIMENTS    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >LAND RECORDS >STRATIGRAPHIC SEQUENCE    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS >ISOTOPES    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS >RADIOCARBON    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS >SEDIMENTS    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS >STRATIGRAPHIC SEQUENCE    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS >BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
FARMING
BIOTA


Quality
Inter-lab analysis.


Keywords
AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY
ARID REGIONS
CALCITE
CIESIN > Agriculture And Food Security > Biogeochemical Cycles
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Atmospheric Composition > Pollen
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Climate > Climate Change
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Water Forms > Lakes
CIESIN > Land And Freshwater Resources > Land Productivity > Land Characteristics
CIESIN > Land And Freshwater Resources > Land Productivity > Landforms
CIESIN > Land And Freshwater Resources > Soils > Soil Sedimentation
CIESIN > Land And Freshwater Resources > Soils > Soil Types
ISOTOPES
LAND AND FRESHWATER RESOURCES
LANDSCAPES
QUATERNARY LANDSCAPE EVOLUTION
SEDIMENTS
SOIL HISTORY
SOIL STUDIES


Originating Center
NMSU


Data Center
Agronomy & Horticulture, College of Agriculture and Home Economics, New Mexico State University    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://aghort.nmsu.edu/

Data Center Personnel
Name: H. CURTIS MONGER
Phone: 505-646-3405
Fax: 505-646-6041
Email: cmonger at nmsu.edu
Contact Address:
New Mexico State University
College of Agriculture and Home Economics
Department of Agronomy and Horticulture
Pedology Lab
Box 30001, Dept. 3Q
City: Las Cruces
Province or State: NM
Postal Code: 88003-8003
Country: USA


Personnel
H. CURTIS MONGER
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 505-646-3405
Fax: 505-646-6041
Email: cmonger at nmsu.edu
Contact Address:
New Mexico State University
College of Agriculture and Home Economics
Department of Agronomy and Horticulture
Pedology Lab
Box 30001, Dept. 3Q
City: Las Cruces
Province or State: NM
Postal Code: 88003-8003
Country: USA


Publications/References
ADDITIONAL REFERENCES:

Mack, G.H., James, W.C., and Monger, H.C. 1993. Classification
of Paleosoils. Geological Soc. of Am. Bulletin. 105:129-136.

Monger, H.D. 1993. Inorganic Carbon in Desert Soils of New
Mexico: Microbial Precipitation and Isotopic Significance. In
Abstracts, International Soil Symposium on Greenhouse Gas
Emissions and Carbon Sequestration. Ohio State University.

Monger, H.C., and Cole, D.R. 1993. Paleosols as Indicators of
Paleoclimatic Conditions. p. 24. INQUA/ISSS Paleopedology
Commission Newsletter no. 9. Illinois State Geological Survey,
Champaign, IL

Monger, H.C. 1993. Pedology in Arid Land Archaeological
Research: An Example from Southern New Mexico-Western Texas.
p. 301. In Agronomy Abstracts, ASA, Madison, WI.

Monger, H.C., Daugherty, L.A., and Gile, L.H. 1991. A
Microscopic Examination of Pedogenic Calcite in an Aridisol of
Southern New Mexico. In Nettledon (ed.), W.D. Occurence,
Characteristics, and Genesis of Carbonite, Gypsum, and Silica
Accumulations in Soils. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Spec. Publ. 26.
Madison, WI. p/37-60.

Monger, H.C. Daugherty, L.A., Lindemann, W.C. and Liddell, C.M.
1991. Microbial Precipitation of Pedogenic Calcite. Geology
19:997-1,000.

Monger, H.C. and Daugherty, L.A. 1991. Pressure Solution:
Possible Mechanism for Silicate Grain Dissolution in a
Petrocalcic Horizon. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 55:1,625-1,629.

Monger, H.C. and Daugherty, L.A. 1991. Neoformation of
Palygorskite in a Southern New Mexico Ardisol. Soil Sci. Soc.
Am. J. 55:1,646-1,650.

Mack, G.H. James, W.C., and Monger, H.C. 1993. Classification of
Paleosols. Geological Soc. Am. Bull. 105:129-136.

James, W.C., Mack, G.H., and Monger, H.C. 1993. Classification
of Paleosols: Discussion and Reply. Geological Soc. Am. Bull.
105:1,635-1,637.

Monger, H.C. and Cole, D.R. 1993. Paleosols as Indicators of
Paleoclimatic Conditions. INQUA/ISSA Paleopedology Commission
Newsletter No. 9. Illinois State Geological Survey, Champagne,
IL. p. 25.

Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2008-02-27

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