Paleoenvironment, Geomorphic Processes, and Carbon Stocks of Drained Thaw-lake Basins in the Arctic Coastal Plain, Alaska, USA, 2002-2005
Entry ID: ARCSS176

[ Update this Record ]

Summary
Abstract: These data are from a study of the origin and associated geomorphological, ecological, and pedological processes of thaw-lake basins of the Arctic Coastal Plain, Alaska. The research utilized high-resolution multispectral satellite data, ground-penetrating radar, and extensive coring to estimate the amount of carbon sequestered in the drained basins. Investigators used radiometric dating, microfossil analysis, and soil development to determine whether carbon accumulation rates respond to regional changes in climate, or if they are influenced by local rates of plant succession. Investigators reported depths, adjusted depths, radiocarbon dates, calibrated radiocarbon dates, pollen, microfossils, soil bulk density, total organic carbon (TOC), and other descriptive statistics from the spring and summer seasons of April 2002 through April 2005. Data are in Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Word, TIFF, JPEG, and ArcView Shapefile formats, available via FTP.

Related URL
Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Thaw Lakes of Northern Alaska


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Microfossil Analysis


Geographic Coverage
 N: 72.2153 S: 70.9055  E: -155.5473  W: -157.1417

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Wendy R. Eisner
Dataset Title: Paleoenvironment, Geomorphic Processes, and Carbon Stocks of Drained Thaw-lake Basins in the Arctic Coastal Plain, Alaska, USA, 2002-2005
Dataset Release Date: 2007-05-20
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC)
Data Presentation Form: Digital Media
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/arcss176.html


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 2002-04-01
Stop Date: 2005-04-30


Location Keywords
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > ARCTIC
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > NORTHERN HEMISPHERE
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > ALASKA


Data Resolution
Vertical Resolution: 10 cm


Science Keywords
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL BULK DENSITY    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL DEPTH    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CHEMISTRY >ORGANIC CARBON >TOTAL ORGANIC CARBON    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >LAND RECORDS >POLLEN    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >LAND RECORDS >RADIOCARBON >RADIOCARBON DATES    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS >MICROFOSSILS    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE


Platform
GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS    [Information]
LANDSAT-7    [Information]
SATELLITES    [Information]


Instrument
CARBON ANALYZERS    [Information]
GPS >Global Positioning System    [Information]
ETM+ >Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus    [Information]
AMS >ACCELERATOR MASS SPECTROMETERS    [Information]


Project
NSF/PLR >Division of Polar Programs, National Science Foundation    [Information]


Keywords
Alaska
ARCSS176
Arctic Coastal Plain
Coastal Alaska
Cryopedology
Drained thaw-lake basin
Ecology
Geomorphology
microfossils
OPP-0240338
Organic Carbon
pollen
Radiocarbon
Soil Bulk Density
Soil Organic Carbon Content


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
ARCSS


Data Center
National Snow and Ice Data Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel
Name: NSIDC USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA


Arctic System Science Data Coordination Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/arcss/
Dataset ID: ARCSS176

Data Center Personnel
Name: NSIDC ARCSS USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: FTP
Distribution_Size: 122 KB
Distribution_Format: Microsoft Word
Fees: None

Distribution_Media: FTP
Distribution_Size: 18.9 MB
Distribution_Format: JPEG
Fees: None

Distribution_Media: FTP
Distribution_Size: 2.90 MB
Distribution_Format: Microsoft Excel
Fees: None

Distribution_Media: FTP
Distribution_Size: 218 MB
Distribution_Format: TIFF
Fees: None

Distribution_Media: FTP
Distribution_Size: 34.5 MB
Distribution_Format: ArcView shapefiles
Fees: None


Personnel
WENDY R. EISNER
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: (513) 556-3926
Fax: (513) 556-3370
Email: wendy.eisner at uc.edu
Contact Address:
Department of Geography, ML 131
University of Cincinnati
2624 Clifton Avenue
City: Cincinnati
Province or State: OH
Postal Code: 45221
Country: USA


JAMES G. BOCKHEIM
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 608-263-5903
Fax: 608-265-2595
Email: bockheim at facstaff.wisc.edu
Contact Address:
University of Wisconsin
Soil Science Department
1525 Observatory Drive
City: Madison
Province or State: WI
Postal Code: 53706-1299
Country: USA


KENNETH M. HINKEL
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 513-556-3421
Email: Ken_Hinkel at compuserve.com
Contact Address:
University of Cincinnati
Department of Geography
ML131
City: Cincinnati
Province or State: OH
Postal Code: 45221-0131
Country: USA


RICHARD BECK
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
University of Cincinnati
Department of Geography
City: Cincinnati
Province or State: Ohio


NSIDC USER SERVICES
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA


Publications/References
Beck, R., W. R. Eisner, K. M. Hinkel, H. Pesanti, B. Ellis, E. Beiswenger, W. Parker, M. Treadwell, S. Smith, L. Drogh, K. G. Hansen and V. Peskov. 2005. Nutarniq: Uniting the Arctic community with a wireless arctic network for circumpolar communications. Polar Geography 29(1):43.

Bockheim, J. G., K. M. Hinkel, W. R. Eisner, and X. Y. Dai. 2004. Carbon pools and accumulation rates in an age-series of soils in drained thaw-lake basins, arctic Alaska. Soil Science Society of America Journal 68:697.

Eisner, W. R., J. G. Bockheim, K. M. Hinkel, T. A. Brown, F. E. Nelson, K. M. Peterson, and B. M. Jones. 2005. Paleoenvironmental analyses of an organic deposit from an erosional landscape remnant, Arctic Coastal Plain of Alaska. Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology 217:187.

Eisner, W. R., K. M. Hinkel, J. G. Bockheim, and F. E. Nelson. 2003. Late-Quaternary paleoenvironmental record from a palsa-scale frost mound in arctic Alaska. Eighth International Conference on Permafrost, Zurich, 21-25 July 2003. Zurich, Switzerland. (Phillips, M., S. M. Springman, and L. U. Arenson, eds.), p. 229.

Frohn, R. C., K. M. Hinkel, and W. R. Eisner. 2005. Satellite remote sensing classification of thaw lakes and drained thaw lake basins on the North Slope of Alaska. Remote Sensing of the Environment 97:116.

Hinkel, K. M., R. C. Frohn, F. E. Nelson, W. R. Eisner, R. A. Beck, and J. G. Bockheim. 2005. Morphometric and spatial analysis of thaw lakes and drained thaw lake basins in the western Arctic Coastal Plain, Alaska. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 16(4):327.

Hinkel, K. M., W. R. Eisner, J. G. Bockheim, F. E. Nelson, K. M. Peterson, and X. Y. Dai. 2003. Spatial extent, age, and carbon stocks in drained thaw lake basins on the Barrow Peninsula, Alaska. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 35:291.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2007-05-20
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-05-15

[ Update this Record ]


Link to Web Site