Volcanic Activity Reports on Mount Etna, Sicily for the Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Nation Museum of Natural History
Entry ID: GVP_ETNA_Activity

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Summary
Abstract: Taken from the Introduction to Etna: Volcanic Activity Reports
provided by the Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution,
National Museum of Natural History

['http://rathbun.si.edu/gvp/world/region01/italy/etna/var.htm']

Mount Etna, towering above Catania, Sicily's second largest city, has
one of the world's longest documented records of historical
volcanism. Historical lava flows cover much of the surface of this
massive basaltic stratovolcano, Italy's highest and most voluminous
volcano. The Mongibello stratovolcano, truncated by several small
calderas, was constructed during the late Pleistocene and Holocene
over an older shield volcano. The most prominent morphological feature
of Etna is the Valle del Bove, a 5 x 10 km horseshoe-shaped caldera
open to the east. Two styles of eruptive activity typically occur at
Etna. Persistent explosive eruptions, sometimes with minor lava
emissions, take place from one or more of the three prominent summit
craters, the Central Crater, NE Crater, and SE Crater (the latter
formed in 1978). Flank vents, typically with higher effusion rates,
produce eruptions from fissures that open progressively downward from
near the summit (usually accompanied by strombolian eruptions at the
upper end). Cinder cones are commonly constructed over the vents of
lower flank lava flows. Lava flows extend to the foot of the volcano
on all sides and have reached the sea over a broad area on the SE
flank.

Related URL
Link: GET DATA


Geographic Coverage
 N: 37.73 S: 37.73  E: 15.0  W: 15.0

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1968-06-16


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > EUROPE > SOUTHERN EUROPE > ITALY
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > MEDITERRANEAN SEA > SICILY > Mount Etna


Science Keywords
SOLID EARTH >TECTONICS >VOLCANIC ACTIVITY >ERUPTION DYNAMICS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >TECTONICS >VOLCANIC ACTIVITY >ERUPTION DYNAMICS >LAVA COMPOSITION/TEXTURE    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >TECTONICS >VOLCANIC ACTIVITY >ERUPTION DYNAMICS >PYROCLASTICS COMPOSITION/TEXTURE    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >TECTONICS >VOLCANIC ACTIVITY >ERUPTION DYNAMICS >ASH/DUST COMPOSITION    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >TECTONICS >VOLCANIC ACTIVITY >ERUPTION DYNAMICS >VOLCANIC GASES    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION


Access Constraints
None.


Use Constraints
Please cite data set properly.


Keywords
GLOBAL VOLCANISM PROGRAM
GVP
MOUNT ETNA
MT ETNA
SMITHSONIAN
STRATOVOLCANO
VOLCANIC ACTIVITY
VOLCANO


Data Set Progress
IN WORK


Data Center
Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.volcano.si.edu/

Data Center Personnel
Name: GLOBAL VOLCANISM PROGRAM
Contact Address:
Global Volcanism Program
NHB MRC 119
Smithsonian Institution
City: Washington
Province or State: DC
Postal Code: 20560
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: Online (HTTP)
Distribution_Format: HTML
Fees: None


Personnel
GENE R. MAJOR
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Email: gsfc-gcmduso at mail.nasa.gov


Publications/References
Romano, R., ed., 1982, Mount Etna volcano: A review of recent earth
sciences studies: Memorie della Societ` Geologica Italiana, v. XXIII,
205 p. + maps.

Chester, D.K., Duncan, A.M., Guest, J.E., and Kilburn, C.R.J., 1985,
Mount Etna: The Anatomy of a Volcano: Stanford University Press, 404
p.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2001-08-04
Last DIF Revision Date: 2002-10-30
Future DIF Review Date: 2003-10-30

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