GOES Satellite Data - VISSR/VAS (GOES-7 and earlier)Entry ID: gov.noaa.class.PRE_GVAR
Abstract: ABSTRACT: The Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) series of satellites goal is to monitor the atmosphere for severe weather development such as tornadoes, flash floods, hail storms and hurricanes. The positioning of the GOES satellites at around 36,000 km (22,000 statute miles) above the equator at a fixed position above the earth allowed them to scan large geographic regions ... of the Western Hemisphere and as frequently as once every half hour. Coverage is typically provided by two GOES spacecraft, one at -75.0 Longitude (GOES East) and the other at -135.0 Longitude (GOES West). The Visible and Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer (VISSR) was flown aboard NOAA Synchronous Meteorological Satellite (SMS-1 and SMS-2) and GOES-1 through GOES-3 and modified to become the VISSR Atmospheric Sounder (VAS) flown aboard GOES-4 through GOES-7.
SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION: The original GOES instrument was the Visible and Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer (VISSR), which was an outgrowth of the spin scan radiometer flown aboard several of the Applications Technology Satellite series of NASA research satellites. The VISSR was first flown aboard SMS-1 and SMS-2 (Synchronous Meteorological Satellite), also NASA satellites, that were turned over to NOAA for operational use. GOES-1, GOES-2, and GOES-3 were operational satellites that flew the original VISSR instrument. GOES-4, GOES-5, GOES-6 and GOES-7 where flown with a modified instrument package called the VISSR Atmospheric Sounder (VAS). Pre GVAR data is archived in transmission modes: A, AA and AAA. Mode A was the earliest transmission mode used until GOES-7. Mode AA was primarily experimental. Mode AAA was in effect during GOES-7 lifetime. GOES-07 operated in 3 different sub-modes: VISSR, MSI, and DS.
CURRENTNESS REFERENCE: ground condition
Fees: Electronic download (FTP) of the data is free. There is a fee for copies of data on physical media. Optical disks are $25.00 per unit and magnetic tape is $100 per unit. Price does not include additional service and handling costs.
Purpose: PURPOSE: To measure radiant and solar reflected energy for use in monitoring weather patterns. The VISSR and VAS were designed to provide rapid continuous viewing of local areas for regional Earth and atmospheric monitoring.
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Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: P.J. Werdell and S.W. Bailey
Dataset Title: SeaWiFS Bio-Optical Archive and Storage System (SeaBASS)
Dataset Release Place: Greenbelt, MD
Dataset Publisher: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Other Citation Details: P.J. Werdell and S.W. Bailey, NASA/TM-2002-211617, 45 pp (2002).Online Resource: http://seabass.gsfc.nasa.gov/
Start Date: 1975-01-01
Access Constraints Following the NASA Earth Science Data and Information Policy, all SeaBASS data
are publicly available for research and educational use. Registration is
required, but only as a means for the Administrators to contact data users (in
the event of updates to datasets, for example). Data collected prior to 1
January 2000 have been released to the NOAA National Oceanographic Data Center
and are available via http://data.nodc.noaa.gov/accession/0000632 .
Use Constraints SeaBASS data are for research and educational use only, and are not to be
redistributed. All researchers incorporating SeaBASS data into their research
are expected to acknowledge NASA, SeaBASS, and the original data
contributor(s). Users of data are encouraged to discuss relevant findings with
the data provider(s) early in their research. Users are required to give all
data provider(s) a copy of any manuscript resulting from use of their data
prior to the initial submission for publication, thus giving the data
provider(s) an opportunity to comment on the paper. For three years following
data collection, the data provider(s) shall have the right to be named as
Data Set Progress
Distribution Media: electronic
Distribution Format: ASCII text
(1) P.J. Werdell and S.W. Bailey, The SeaWiFS Bio-Optical Archive and Storage System (SeaBASS): Current Architecture and Implementation,
NASA/TM-2002-211617, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 45 pp (2002).
(2) P.J. Werdell and 6 co-authors, "Unique data repository facilitates ocean
color satellite validation," EOS Trans. AGU, 379 (2003).
(3) P.J. Werdell and S.W. Bailey, "An improved in-situ bio-optical data set for ocean color algorithm development and satellite data product validation," Rem. Sens. Environ., 98, 122-140 (2005).
(4) S.W. Bailey and P.J. Werdell, "A multi-sensor approach for the on-orbit
validation of ocean color satellite data products," Rem. Sens. Environ., 102, 12-23 (2006).
Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2007-04-19