World Glacier Inventory
Entry ID: G01130

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Summary
Abstract: The World Glacier Inventory (WGI) contains information for over 130,000 glaciers. Inventory parameters include geographic location, area, length, orientation, elevation, and classification. The WGI is based primarily on aerial photographs and maps with most glaciers having one data entry only. Hence, the dataset can be viewed as a snapshot of the glacier distribution in the second half of the 20th century. It is based on the original WGI (WGMS 1989) from the World Glacier Monitoring Service (WGMS).

Related URL
Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: All About Glaciers


Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: World Glacier Monitoring Service


Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: GLIMS Data at NSIDC


Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: World Glacier Monitoring Service


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Glacier Photograph Collection


Geographic Coverage
 N: 89.3 S: -71.66  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: WGMS, and NSIDC (comps.).
Dataset Title: World Glacier Inventory
Dataset Release Date: 1999-01-01
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Version: 1
Dataset DOI: doi:10.7265/N5/NSIDC-WGI-2012-02
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/G01130


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1900-01-01
Stop Date: 2003-12-31


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > ARGENTINA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > NUNAVUT
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > CALIFORNIA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > ALASKA
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > PAKISTAN
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > PERU
CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > RUSSIA
CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE > SCANDINAVIA > SWEDEN
CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > SWITZERLAND
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > TAJIKISTAN
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > UZBEKISTAN
CONTINENT > AFRICA
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > ARCTIC
CONTINENT > ASIA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > EURASIA
CONTINENT > EUROPE
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL LAND
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA
CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE > SCANDINAVIA > NORWAY
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > NEPAL
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > GREENLAND
CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > GERMANY
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > INDONESIA
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > GEORGIA, REPUBLIC
CONTINENT > EUROPE > SOUTHERN EUROPE > ITALY
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > AZERBAIJAN
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > BHUTAN
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > BOLIVIA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > CHILE
CONTINENT > ASIA > EASTERN ASIA > CHINA
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > ECUADOR
CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > FRANCE
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > MEXICO
CONTINENT > AUSTRALIA/NEW ZEALAND > NEW ZEALAND
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR


Science Keywords
CRYOSPHERE >GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS >GLACIERS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS >GLACIERS    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
ELEVATION
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION


Platform
Aircraft    [Information]
GROUND STATIONS    [Information]
MAPS    [Information]


Instrument
Cameras    [Information]
VISUAL OBSERVATIONS    [Information]


Quality
Data obtained from WGMS prior to 1999 were subjected to plausibility checks at WGMS while they were being loaded into the database in Zurich. Errors uncovered during the plausibility check were printed out and sent to the data collectors for review. The final accuracy of the data is the responsibility of the data collectors in the individual countries (Hoelzle and Trindler, 1998).


Keywords
glacier classification
glacier form
glacier size
Glacier Surface Ablation
location


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration at the National Snow and Ice Data Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/noaa/

Data Center Personnel
Name: NSIDC NOAA USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA


National Snow and Ice Data Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel
Name: NSIDC USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: FTP
Distribution_Size: 37 MB
Distribution_Format: ASCII Text (.txt)


Personnel
WGMS (WWW.WGMS.CH)
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 41 44 635 5139
Email: wgms at geo.uzh.ch
Contact Address:
World Glacier Monitoring Service
Department of Geography, University of Zurich
Winterthurerstrasse 190
City: Zurich
Postal Code: CH-8057
Country: Switzerland


NSIDC USER SERVICES
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA


Publications/References
Allison, I., and J.A. Peterson. 1988. Glaciers of Irian Jaya, in Williams, R.S., Jr., and J.G. Ferrigno, eds. Satellite Image Atlas of Glaciers of the World - Glaciers of Irian Jaya, Indonesia, and New Zealand. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1386-H. Ames, A., S. Dolores, A. Valvedere, P. Evangelista, D. Corcino, W. Ganvini, J. Zúñiga and V. Gomez. 1988. Inventario de Glaciares del Perú, Part II. Unidad de Glaciología e Hidrología, Hidrandina SA, Huaraz. 105p. Aniya, M. 1988. Glacier inventory for the Northern Patagonia Icefield, Chile, and variations 1944/45 to 1985/86. Arctic and Alpine Research 20(2), 179-187. Aniya, M., H. Sato, R. Naruse, P. Skvarca and G. Casassa. 1996. The use of satellite and airborne imagery to inventory outlet glaciers of the Southern Patagonia Icefield. South America, Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 62(12),1361-1369. Arendt, A.A., Echelmeyer, K.A., Harrison, W.D., Lingle, S.C. and Valentine, V.B. 2002. Rapid wastage of Alaska glaciers and their contribution to rising sea level. Science 297: 382-386. doi:10.1126/science.1072497. Bedford, D. and C. Haggerty. 1996. New digitized glacier inventory for the former Soviet Union and China. Earth System Monitor, ISSN 1068-2678, NOAA Environmental Information Services Office, 6(3): 8-10. Bertone, M. 1960. Inventario de los Glaciares Existentes en la Vertiente Argentina entre los Paralelos 47° 30′y 51° S. Publication 3, Instituto Nacional del Hielo Continental Patagónico, Buenos Aires. 103p. Bhagat, R.M., V. Kalia, C. Sood, P.K. Mool and S.R. Bajracharya. 2004. Himachal Pradesh Himalaya India - Inventory of Glaciers and Glacial Lakes and the Identification of Potential Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs) Affected by Global Warming in the Mountains of Himalayan Region. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu. CD-ROM, report (254p.), data. Calkin, P.E., D.S. Kaufman, B.J. Przybyl, W.B. Whitford and B.J. Peck. 1998. Glacier regimes, periglacial landforms, and Holocene climate changes in the Kigluaik Mountains, Seward Peninsula, Alaska, U.S.A. Arctic and Alpine Research 30(2): 154-165. Casassa, G., K. Smith, A. Rivera, J. Araos, M. Schnirch and C. Schneider. 2002. Inventory of glaciers in Isla Riesco, Patagonia, Chile, based on aerial photography and satellite imagery. Annals of Glaciology 34: 373-378. Cogley, J. G. 2010. A more complete version of the World Glacier Inventory. Annals of Glaciology, 50(53), 32-38. doi: 10.3189/172756410790595859. Cogley, J. G. 2008. Extended format for the World Glacier Inventory. Trent Technical Note 2005-1. Fernández A., J. Araos and J. Marín. 2005. Inventario de glaciares del Volcán Michimahuida utilizando Sistemas de Información Geográfica (SIG): resultados preliminares, poster presented at CEQUA Symposium, Puerto Natales, Chile, 4-9 April 2005. Garin, C. 1987. Inventario de glaciares de los Andes Chilenos desde los 18° a los 32° de latitud sur. Revista de Geografía Norte Grande 14 35-48. Gellatly, A.F., C. Smiraglia, J.M. Grove and R. Latham. 1994. Recent variations of Ghiaccaio del Calderone, Abruzzi, Italy. Journal of Glaciology 40(136): 486-490. Haeberli, W. 1998. Historical evolution and operation aspects of worldwide glacier monitoring in Into the second century of worldwide glacier monitoring: prospects and strategies. Studies and reports in hydrology, No. 56. Edited by W. Haeberli, M. Hoelzle, and S. Suter. UNESCO Publishing, Paris: 36-52. Hagen,J.O., O. Liestøl, E. Roland and T. Jørgensen. 1993. Glacier Atlas of Svalbard and Jan Mayen. Meddelelser 129, Norsk Polarinstitutt, Oslo. 141p. Hoelzle, M. and Trindler, M. 1998. Data management and application. In: Haeberli, W. (ed.), Into the second century of world glacier monitoring: prospects and strategies. UNESCO, Paris, 56: 53-72. Holdgate, M.W., and P.E. Baker. 1979. The South Sandwich Islands: I. General Description. Scientific Report 91, British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge. 76p. 11 plates. Institut Géographique National.1967. Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises: Iles Kerguelen. Reconnaisssance map at 1:100 000 in 3 sheets. Imprimérie de l'Institut Géographique National, Paris. Kaul, M.K. 1999. Inventory of the Himalayan Glaciers. Special Publication 34, Geological Survey of India, Calcutta. 165p. Langenegger, O., and W.J. Verwoerd. 1971. Topographic survey, in van Zinderen Bakker, E.M., Sr., J.M. Winterbottom and R.A. Dyer, eds., Marion and Prince Edward Islands, 32-39 and two maps at 1:50 000 scale. A.A. Balkema, Cape Town. 427p. Lorenzo, J.L. 1964. Los Glaciares de México. Monograph 1, Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City. 2nd ed. 114p. Mool, P.K., S.R. Bajracharya and S.P. Joshi. 2001a. Inventory of Glaciers, Glacial Lakes and Glacial Lake Outburst Floods - Monitoring and Early Warning Systems in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan Region: Nepal. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu. CD-ROM, report (197p.), data. Mool, P.K., D. Wangda, S.R. Bajracharya, K.Kunzang, D.R. Gurung and S.P. Joshi. 2001b. Inventory of Glaciers, Glacial Lakes and Glacial Lake Outburst Floods - Monitoring and Early Warning Systems in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan Region: Bhutan. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu. CD-ROM, report (127p.), data. Mool, P.K., S.R. Bajracharya, R. Roohi, A. Ashraf and S.A. Hussain. 2004. Upper Indus, Jhelum, Shingo, Shyok, and Shigar River Basins, Pakistan Himalaya: Inventory of Glaciers and Glacial Lakes and the Identification of Potential Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs) Affected by Global Warming in the Mountains of Himalayan Region. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu. CD-ROM, report (343p.), data. Mool, P.K., S.R. Bajracharya, B. Shrestha, S.P. Joshi, R. Roohi, A. Arshad, R. Naz. S.A. Hussain and M.H. Chaudhry. 2005. Indus Basin: Inventory of Glaciers and Glacial Lakes and Identification of Potential Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs) Affected by Global Warming in the Mountains of Himalayan Region. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu. CD-ROM, report (321p.), data. Müller, F., Caflisch, T. and Müller, G. (eds.). 1977. Instructions for the compilation and assemblage of data for a world glacier inventory. IAHS(ICSI)/UNESCO report, Temporal Technical Secretariat for the World Glacier Inventory (TTS/WGI), ETH Zurich, Switzerland. Müller, F. (ed.). 1978. Instructions for the compilation and assemblage of data for a world glacier inventory; Supplement: Identification/glacier number IAHS(ICSI)/UNEP/UNESCO report, Temporal Technical Secretariat for the World Glacier Inventory (TTS/WGI), ETH Zurich, Switzerland. Radić, V., and R. Hock. 2010. Regional and global volumes of glaciers derived from statistical upscaling of glacier inventory data. J. Geophys. Res. 115, F01010. doi:10.1029/2009JF001373. Rau, F., Mauz, F., De Angelis, H., Jaña, R., Arigony Neto, J., Skvarca, P., Vogt, S., Saurer, H., Gossmann, H. 2004. Variations of glacier frontal positions on the Northern Antarctic Peninsula. Annals of Glaciology 39: 525-530. Rivera, A., and G. Casassa. 2004. Ice elevation, areal, and frontal changes of glaciers from National Park Torres del Paine, Southern Patagonia Icefield. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 36(4): 379-389. Sah, M., G. Philip, P.K. Mool, S. Bhajracharya and B. Shrestha. 2005. Uttaranchal Himalaya India: Inventory of Glaciers and Glacial Lakes and the Identification of Potential Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs) Affected by Global Warming in the Mountains of Himalayan Region. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu. CD-ROM, report (176p.), data. Scherler, K. (ed.). 1983. Guidelines for preliminary glacier inventories. IAHS(ICSI)/ UNEP/UNESCO report, Temporal Technical Secretariat for the World Glacier Inventory (TTS/WGI), ETH Zurich, Switzerland. Schneider, C., M. Schnirch, G. Casassa, C. Acuña and R. Kilian. 2005. Gran Campo Nevado, Chile, 1:65,000 (aerial photogrammetric map and glacier inventory), in Haeberli, W., M. Zemp, M. Hoelzle, R. Frauenfelder, M. Hoelzle and A. Kääb, Fluctuations of Glaciers, 1995-2000 (Vol. VIII), 66. With 1:65,000-scale topographic orthoimage map Gran Campo Nevado, Península Muñoz Gamero, Patagonia, Chile. International Commission on Snow and Ice of International Association of Hydrological Sciences/UNESCO, Paris. Schneider, C., M. Schnirch, C. Acuña, G. Casassa and R. Kilian. 2007. Glacier inventory of the Gran Campo Nevado Ice Cap in the southern Andes and glacier changes observed during recent decades. Global and Planetary Change 59: 87-100. Sedov, R.V. 1997. Ledniki poluostrova Tajgonos. Materialy Glyatsiologicheskikh Issledovaniy 82: 218-221. UNESCO. 1970. Perennial ice and snow masses - a guide for compilation and assemblage of data for the World Glacier Inventory. Technical Papers in Hydrology No. 1. Weidick, A., Bøggild, C.E., and Knudsen, N.T. 1992. Glacier Inventory and Atlas of West Greenland. Report 158, Grønlands Geologiske Undersøgelse, Copenhagen. 193p. Digital data available from the National Snow and Ice Data Center, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado. WGMS and NSIDC. 1989, updated 2012. World glacier inventory. Compiled and made available by the World Glacier Monitoring Service, Zurich, Switzerland, and the National Snow and Ice Data Center, Boulder CO, USA. Digital media. WGMS and NSIDC. 1989, updated 2009. World glacier inventory. Compiled and made available by the World Glacier Monitoring Service, Zurich, Switzerland, and the National Snow and Ice Data Center, Boulder CO, USA. Digital media. WGMS. 1993. Fluctuations of Glaciers 1985-1990 (Vol. VI). Haeberli, W. and Hoelzle, M. (eds.), IAHS (ICSI) / UNEP / UNESCO, World Glacier Monitoring Service, Zurich, Switzerland: 322 pp. WGMS (1989): World Glacier Inventory - Status 1988. Haeberli, W., Bösch, H., Scherler, K., Østrem, G. and Wallén, C. C. (eds.), IAHS (ICSI) / UNEP / UNESCO, World Glacier Monitoring Service, Zurich, Switzerland: 458 pp. White, S.E. 2002. Glaciers of Mexico, in Williams, R.S., Jr., and J.G. Ferrigno, (eds.), Satellite Image Atlas of Glaciers of the World - North America. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1386-J, 383-405. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 1999-01-01
Last DIF Revision Date: 2014-04-09

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