Estimates of Ground-Water Recharge Based on Streamflow-Hydrograph Methods: PennsylvaniaEntry ID: USGS_OFR_2005_1333
Abstract: This study, completed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with
the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Bureau of
Topographic and Geologic Survey (T&GS), provides estimates of ground-water
recharge for watersheds throughout Pennsylvania computed by use of two
automated streamflow-hydrograph-analysis methods--PART and RORA. The PART
computer program uses a ... hydrograph-separation technique to divide the
streamflow hydrograph into components of direct runoff and base flow. Base flow
can be a useful approximation of recharge if losses and interbasin transfers of
ground water are minimal. The RORA computer program uses a recession-curve
displacement technique to estimate ground-water recharge from each storm period
indicated on the streamflow hydrograph.
Recharge estimates were made using streamflow records collected during
1885-2001 from 197 active and inactive streamflow-gaging stations in
Pennsylvania where streamflow is relatively unaffected by regulation. Estimates
of mean-annual recharge in Pennsylvania computed by the use of PART ranged from
5.8 to 26.6 inches; estimates from RORA ranged from 7.7 to 29.3 inches.
Estimates from the RORA program were about 2 inches greater than those derived
from the PART program.
Mean-monthly recharge was computed from the RORA program and was reported as a
percentage of mean-annual recharge. On the basis of this analysis, the major
ground-water recharge period in Pennsylvania typically is November through May;
the greatest monthly recharge typically occurs in March.
[Summary provided by the USGS.]
(Click for Interactive Map)
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Dennis W. Risser, Randall W. Conger, James E. Ulrich, and Michael P. Asmussen
Dataset Title: Estimates of Ground-Water Recharge Based on Streamflow-Hydrograph Methods: Pennsylvania
Dataset Series Name: Open File Report 2005-1333
Dataset Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Data Presentation Form: report, mapsOnline Resource: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1333/
Start Date: 1885-01-01Stop Date: 2001-12-31
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > GROUND WATER > AQUIFERS
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > GROUND WATER > GROUND WATER DISCHARGE/FLOW
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > GROUND WATER > DRAINAGE
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > GROUND WATER > SPRINGS
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > GROUND WATER > WATER TABLE
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > AQUIFER RECHARGE
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > DISCHARGE/FLOW
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > DRAINAGE
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > HYDROPATTERN
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > RIVERS/STREAMS
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > WATER CHANNELS
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > WATERSHED CHARACTERISTICS
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > WETLANDS
ISO Topic Category
Quality Refer to Sowers et al. (2005) for quality assessment information.
Data Set Progress
Email: todd.sowers5 at gmail.com, sowers at geosc.psu.edu
237 Deike Building, Dept. of Geosciences Penn State University
City: University Park
Province or State: Pennsylvania
Postal Code: 16802
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
National Snow and Ice Data Center CIRES, 449 UCB University of Colorado
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Leckrone, K. J., and J. M. Hayes. 1998. Water-induced errors in continuous flow carbon isotope ratio mass spectrometry. Analytical Chemistry 70, 2737-2744.
Miller, J. B., K. A. Mack, R. Dissly, J. W. C. White, E. J. Dlugokencky, and P. Tans. 2002. Development of analytical methods and measurements of 13C/12C in atmospheric CH4 from the NOAA Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory Global ... Air Sampling Network. Journal of Geophysical Research 107, 4178-4193.
Rice, A., A. A. Gotoh, H. O. Aijie, and S. C. Tyler. 2001. High-precision continuous-flow measurements of d13C and dD of atmospheric CH4 Analytical Chemistry 73, 4104-4110.
Santrock, J., S. A. Studley, and J. M. Hayes. 1985. Isotopic analyses based on the mass spectrum of carbon dioxide Analytical Chemistry 57, 1444-1448.
Sowers, T., S. Bernard, O. Aballain, J. Chappellaz, J.-M. Barnola, and T. Marik. 2005. Records of the d13C of atmospheric CH4 over the last 2 centuries as recorded in Antarctic snow and ice. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 19, doi:10.1029/2004GB002408.
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2007-07-09
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-05-14