Meteorological Observations and Climate Data from Moscow, Russia (1810-1937)
Entry ID: NCL00087_88

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Summary
Abstract: The climate data resides in 1 book, 'Meteoroligische Beobachtungen in Moskau
im Jahre' (C/db L685) written in German. The data contained in this book are
daily and monthly surface climatic data for Moscow, Russia from 1900 to 1909.
Daily variables for each month of the period incorporated in these data are the
following: mean maximum and minimum pressure, and mean and mean amplitude
variation of humidity. Monthly parameters for each month contained in these
data are: mean pressure, cloudiness, winds, snow, air and snow-level
temperature, temperature at different depths, sunshine hours and evaporation;
mean maximum and minimum air, soil, and snow level depth temperature and solar
radiation; absolute maximum and minimum pressure, temperature, humidity, and 24
hour precipitation maximum; mean maximum and minimum temperature, humidity,
cloudiness, and precipitation; number of days of frost, clear skies, cloudy
skies, and partly cloudy skies, precipitation, precipitation of a certain
intensity, snow, hail, graupel, fog, haze, dew, ice, lightning, thunderstorms,
strong and calm winds, and rainbows; wind direction frequency; mean amplitude
variation of the temperature; amplitude mean of the temperature; and maximum
and minimum amplitude of the pressure, temperature, and humidity. Monthly
variables averaged over the period include: absolute maximum and minimum
pressure; number of clear, cloudy, and cloudless days; and maximum and minimum
amplitude of the pressure.

The hourly observations and additional climate data resides in 4 books,
'Observations Meteorolgiques Faites a l'Observatoire De L'Universite
Imperiale de Moscou' (C/db Ao-M) written in Russian and French; 'Meteorolgische
Beobachtungen ausgefuhrt am Meteorologischen Observatorium der
Landwirthschaftlichen Academie zu Moskau' (C/db Ao-Ml) written in German and
English; 'Bulletin de l'Observatoire Actimometrique et Meteorologique de
Moscou' (C/db Ao-Mo) written in Russian and French; and 'Observations Faites a
la Observatoire Meteorologique De L'Intitut Agronomique De Moscou' (C/db Ao-Ma)
written in Russian and English.

The data contained in these books are hourly surface observations and daily
and monthly surface climatic data for the period 1810 to 1911 and 1935 to
1937. Parameters included in the hourly observations are pressure, air,
soil, and snow surface temperature, humidity, cloudiness, wind direction
and speed, evaporation, vapor pressure, and solar radiation. Daily
variables for each month incorporated in these data are the following:
mean pressure, air and soil temperature, humidity, cloudiness, and vapor
pressure; maximum and minimum pressure, air and ground temperature, and
humidity; precipitation, evaporation, and sunshine totals; cloud speed and
direction; snow cover; ozone; duration of insolation; diffuse radiation;
and duration of precipitation. Monthly parameters contained in these data
for each month are: mean temperature, pressure, humidity, and wind speed
and direction; absolute maximum and minimum pressure, temperature,
humidity, and 24 hour precipitation amounts; number of days of maximum and
minimum temperature <0, clear skies, cloudy skies, precipitation, thunder,
sleet, snow, fog, and strong winds; and wind frequency. Monthly variables
averaged over the period are mean air temperature and temperature
variation. In addition, dates of earliest plant blooms are given.

These books are part of the foreign meteorological data collection held by
the NOAA Central Library in Washington, DC. Information in this collection
dates back to the 18th century for daily, monthly, seasonal, and annual
tabular summaries, and the 19th century for weather maps. These data are
the result of foreign exchange agreements, but the collection has not been
updated since 1983.

Geographic Coverage
 N: 60.0 S: 55.0  E: 40.0  W: 35.0

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1810-01-01
Stop Date: 1937-12-31


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > RUSSIA
CONTINENT > ASIA > USSR > Russia
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > MID-LATITUDE


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >AIR QUALITY >VISIBILITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >TRACE GASES/TRACE SPECIES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC ELECTRICITY >LIGHTNING    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA >FOG    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA >FREEZE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA >FROST    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA >LIGHTNING    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA >STORMS >THUNDERSTORMS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >SURFACE PRESSURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >MAXIMUM/MINIMUM TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >EVAPORATION >SURFACE EVAPORATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY >SURFACE HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR >SURFACE HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >SURFACE WINDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD PROPERTIES >CLOUD FREQUENCY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD TYPES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >FREEZING RAIN    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >HAIL    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >PRECIPITATION AMOUNT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >RAIN    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >SLEET    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >SNOW >SNOWFALL    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SOLAR IRRADIANCE >INSOLATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SOLAR RADIATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SUNSHINE    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >FREEZE/THAW    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >FROST    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW COVER    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW DEPTH    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW/ICE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >FREEZE/THAW    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >FROST    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW COVER    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW DEPTH    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW/ICE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LAND TEMPERATURE >LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >PLANTS >ANGIOSPERMS (FLOWERING PLANTS) >PLANT BLOOMS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >OXYGEN COMPOUNDS >OZONE    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE


Platform
GROUND STATIONS    [Information]


Instrument
HYGROMETERS    [Information]


Project
ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]


Keywords
CLIMATOLOGY
DAILY DATA
HOURLY DATA
INSOLATION
MONTHLY DATA
MOSCOW
OPTICAL PHENOMENA
RUSSIA
SKYCOVER
SOIL TEMPERATURES
STATISTICS
SUNSHINE
SURFACE
SURFACE EVAPORATION
SURFACE HUMIDITY
SURFACE PRESSURE
SURFACE TEMPERATURE
SURFACE WINDS
THUNDERSTORMS
USSR
WEATHER OBSERVATIONS


Originating Center
NOAA/NESDIS/NODC/LISD


Data Center
Library Services Information Division, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.lib.noaa.gov/
Dataset ID: C/DB AO-M
Dataset ID: C/DB AO-MA
Dataset ID: C/DB AO-ML
Dataset ID: C/DB AO-MO
Dataset ID: C/DB L685

Data Center Personnel
Name: NOAA CENTRAL LIBRARY
Phone: (301) 713-2600 x124
Fax: (301) 713-4598
Email: reference at www.lib.noaa.gov
Contact Address:
NOAA Central Library
1315 East-West Highway 2nd Floor, SSMC3
City: Silver Spring
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20910-3282
Country: USA


Personnel
PETER L. GRIMM
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 713-0575
Fax: (301) 713-1249
Email: peter.l.grimm at noaa.gov
Contact Address:
NOAA Environmental Information Services
1315 East-West Highway, SSMC3, Station 15441
City: Silver Spring
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20910
Country: USA



Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-02-23

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