Hourly Observations and Climate Data, Including Rainfall Data in Transcaucasia,for Cities in the Russian Empire (1813-1918)
Entry ID: NCL00096_98

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Summary
Abstract: The Russian Empire climate data resides in 4 books, 'Memoire Sur La Temperature
Moyenne De Plusieurs Points De L'Empire De Russie' (C/db K96); 'Observations
Meteorologiques et Magnetiques Faites Dans L'Empire De Russie' (C/db K96m);
'Memoires De L'Academie Imperiale Des Sciences De Saint-Petersbourg' (C/db
K96o); and 'Resumes Des Observations Meteorologiques Faites Dans L'Etendue De
L'Empire De Russie' (C/db K96r), all written in French. The data contained in
these books are hourly surface observations, daily, monthly, seasonal, and
annual surface climatic data, and some geomagnetic data for selected cities in
the Russian Empire from 1813 to 1836.

Parameters included in the hourly observations are pressure, air temperature,
cloudiness, precipitation, winds, vapor pressure, and the geomagnetic variables
of inclination, azimuth, absolute declination, and magnetic declination. The
only daily variable is mean temperature. It is calculated for each month and
averaged over the period.

Monthly parameters for each month are the following: mean pressure,
temperature, humidity, and winds; mean maximum and minimum pressure and
temperature; absolute maximum and minimum pressure and temperature; number of
days of fog, rain, snow, frost, thunderstorms, hail, clear skies, partly cloudy
skies, and cloudy skies; precipitation totals; and wind frequency. Monthly
parameters averaged over the period are mean temperature, mean maximum and
minimum temperature, and wind frequency. Wind frequency and mean temperature
are averaged seasonally and annually.

Additional variables that can be found in these data are hottest and coldest
days of each year, number of days that a river or lake is ice-covered,
earliest and latest frost, first snowfall, and duration of the winter.

The Transcaucasia rainfall data resides in 1 book, 'Precipitation in
Transcaucasia' (C/db K76) written in Russian, English notes. The data contained
in this book are monthly, seasonal, and annual precipitation data for
Transcaucasia in Russia from 1848 to 1918. Precipitation parameters averaged
over the period and for each individual month included in these data are the
following: absolute maximum in 24 hours for a month; monthly totals; and
monthly number of days with hail, snow and precipitation of a certain
intensity. Precipitation variables averaged only for the period 1848 to 1918
are mean monthly and seasonal precipitation, monthly probability of
precipitation, and mean monthly number of showers.

These books are part of the foreign meteorological data collection held by the
NOAA Central Library in Washington, DC. Information in this collection dates
back to the 18th century for daily, monthly, seasonal, and annual tabular
summaries, and the 19th century for weather maps. These data are the result
of foreign exchange agreements, but the collection has not been updated since
1983.

Geographic Coverage
 N: 70.0 S: 35.0  E: 175.0  W: 20.0

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1813-01-01
Stop Date: 1918-12-31


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > RUSSIA
CONTINENT > ASIA > USSR > Russia
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > MID-LATITUDE


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA >FOG    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >SURFACE PRESSURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >MAXIMUM/MINIMUM TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY >SURFACE HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR >SURFACE HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >SURFACE WINDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD PROPERTIES >CLOUD FREQUENCY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD TYPES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >FREEZING RAIN    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >HAIL    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >PRECIPITATION AMOUNT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >RAIN    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >SLEET    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >SNOW >SNOWFALL    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >FREEZE/THAW    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >FROST    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >LAKE ICE    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >RIVER ICE    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW COVER    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW DEPTH    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >FREEZE/THAW    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >FROST    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >LAKE ICE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >RIVER ICE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW COVER    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW DEPTH    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >LAKES    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >RIVERS/STREAMS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMAGNETISM >MAGNETIC FIELD >MAGNETIC DECLINATION    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMAGNETISM >MAGNETIC FIELD    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMAGNETISM >MAGNETIC FIELD >MAGNETIC INCLINATION    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMAGNETISM >MAGNETIC FIELD >MAGNETIC INTENSITY    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
INLAND WATERS


Platform
GROUND STATIONS    [Information]


Instrument
HYGROMETERS    [Information]


Project
ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]


Keywords
ANNUAL DATA
DAILY DATA
FROST
GEOMAGNETICS
HOURLY DATA
MONTHLY DATA
RAINFALL
RUSSIA
SEASONAL DATA
SNOW
SNOWFALL
SURFACE
SURFACE HUMIDITY
SURFACE PRESSURE
SURFACE TEMPERATURE
SURFACE WATER VAPOR
SURFACE WINDS
TRANSCAUCASIA
USSR
VAPOR PRESSURE
WEATHER OBSERVATIONS


Originating Center
NOAA/NESDIS/NODC/LISD


Data Center
Library Services Information Division, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.lib.noaa.gov/
Dataset ID: C/DB K96
Dataset ID: C/DB K96M
Dataset ID: C/DB K96O
Dataset ID: C/DB K96R

Data Center Personnel
Name: NOAA CENTRAL LIBRARY
Phone: (301) 713-2600 x124
Fax: (301) 713-4598
Email: reference at www.lib.noaa.gov
Contact Address:
NOAA Central Library
1315 East-West Highway 2nd Floor, SSMC3
City: Silver Spring
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20910-3282
Country: USA


Personnel
PETER L. GRIMM
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 713-0575
Fax: (301) 713-1249
Email: peter.l.grimm at noaa.gov
Contact Address:
NOAA Environmental Information Services
1315 East-West Highway, SSMC3, Station 15441
City: Silver Spring
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20910
Country: USA


V. KOCHERGIN
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Management of Transcaucasian Water Economy
Research Department
City: Tiflis
Country: Russia



Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-02-23

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