Apalachicola-Chatahoochee-Flint River Basin Surface Water Data
Entry ID: usgs_nawqa_acf_surfacewater

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Summary
Abstract: Surface- and ground-water quality data were collected in the
Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint (ACF) River basin from August 1992 to
September 1995 as part of the USGS National Water Quality Assessment
(NAWQA) program described below. The ACF River basin drains about
19,800 square miles in western Georgia, eastern Alabama, and the
Florida panhandle into the Apalachicola Bay, which discharges into the
Gulf of Mexico. Data collected as part of this study focused on five
major land uses: poultry production in the headwaters of the
Chattahoochee River, urban and suburban areas of Metropolitan Atlanta
and Columbus, silviculture in the piedmont and fall line hills, and
row crop agriculture in the upper coastal plain (clastic hydrogeologic
setting) and the lower coastal plain (karst hydrogeologic setting).

This description is for the surface-water sites which are grouped
based on six landuse classifications: poultry, suburban, urban,
silviculture, agriculture (clastic geology) and agriculure (karst
geology), and by site type: main stem and tributary. The data are
grouped into three catogories including water column, bed sediment and
tissue, and Biological. The data are further subdivided into sets of
related constituents. A complete list of constituent names and MRL's
is available.

The user can view and retrieve these surface-water data sets:

Water Column: Field Measurements, Nutrients, Major Ions, Suspended
Sediment, Organic Carbon, Turbidity, Pesticides .

Bed-Sediment and Tissue: Semivolitile Organic Compounds in Sediment,
Organochlorine Compounds in Sediment, Major and Trace Elements in
Sediment, Organochlorine Compounds in Tissue, Trace Elements in Tissue.

Biological: Algae, Fish, Invertebrates.

Physical, chemical, and biological data were collected at 132 stream
sites and at 15 locations within 6 reservoirs. The monitoring network
is a nested design with a core of fixed monitoring sites (integrator
and indicator sites), a group of land-use comparison sites, and a
group of mixed land use sites including large tributaries and main
stem rivers that provide spatial distribution. Water samples were
collected at frequencies varying from hourly to annually, depending on
the intended purpose, and were analyzed for nutrients, carbon,
pesticides, major ions, and field parameters.

These data and associated locator maps are accessible on the World
Wide Web at the ACF NAWQA home page. Data are presented in manageable
tables that are grouped based on land use, site type, and project
component. The user can view maps and data tables on the computer
screen, or downloaded data tables as tab delimited (RDB) files.

Data collected as part of the ACF River basin study are presented by
project component: surface-water, ground-water, special studies,
streamflow, ancillary, and quality assurance data. The water-quality
data are presented by major headings, including water-column,
bed-sediment and tissue, and biological. The data are further
subdivided into data sets consisting of related constituents. Data
tables can be viewed on the users computer screen or retrieved to a
users computer as a tab delimited Relational Data Base (RDB) file. To
reduce the size of the pesticide, volatile organic compound, bed
sediment and tissue, and trace element tables, only those compounds
found equal to, or above the minimum reporting limit (MRL) for one or
more sites within a group, are shown. The remaining compounds were not
detected. A complete list of constituent names and MRL's are
available.

The National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program of the
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is designed to describe the status and
trends in the quality of the Nation's ground- and surface-water
resources and to provide a sound understanding of the natural and
human factors that affect the quality of these resources (Leahy and
others, 1990). Because much of the public concern over water quality
stems from a desire to protect both human health and aquatic life, the
NAWQA Program will, in addition to measuring physical and chemical
indicators of water-quality, assess the status of aquatic life through
surveys of fish, invertebrates, and benthic algae, and habitat
conditions (National Research Council, 1990). As an integrated
assessment of water quality incorporating physical, chemical, and
biological components, the NAWQA Program is ecological in approach.

Geographic Coverage
 N: 35.0 S: 30.0  E: -81.0  W: -86.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: J.W. Garrett, H.A. Perlman, and J.D. Scholz
Dataset Title: Apalachicola-Chatahoochee-Flint River Basin Surface Water Data
Dataset Release Date: 1995
Dataset Release Place: Georgia
Dataset Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online Resource: http://ga.water.usgs.gov/nawqa/data.sw.html


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1992-08-01
Stop Date: 1995-09-01


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA


Science Keywords
AGRICULTURE >AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS >PESTICIDES    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >AQUIFER RECHARGE >WATER QUALITY    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >RIVERS/STREAMS >WATER QUALITY    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >ALKALINITY    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >DISSOLVED GASES    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >NUTRIENTS >NITRATE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >NUTRIENTS >PHOSPHORUS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >ORGANIC MATTER >VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC)    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >OXYGEN    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >PH    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >TRACE METALS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >WATER TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES >FISH    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES >MACROINVERTEBRATES    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >PLANTS >ALGAE    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >RIVERS/STREAM HABITAT >BIOLOGICAL DATA    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >MARINE HABITAT    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
FARMING
BIOTA


Project
NAWQA >National Water Quality Assessment Program    [Information]


Access Constraints
None


Use Constraints
None


Keywords
ALGAE
ALKALINITY
CARBON
DISSOLVED OXYGEN
FISH
MACROINVERTEBRATE
MAJOR IONS
METALS
NBII
NUTRIENTS
ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
PESTICIDES
PH
SPECIFIC CONDUCTANCE
SURFACE WATER
TEMPERATURE
WATER QUALITY


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint, National Water Quality Assessment Program, Water Resources Discipline, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://ga.water.usgs.gov/nawqa/main.description.html

Data Center Personnel
Name: GARY BUELL
Phone: 770-903-9160
Email: grbuell at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
National Water Quality Assessment Program
3039 Amwiler Road
Peachtree business Center, Suite 130
City: Peachtree
Province or State: ATLANTA
Postal Code: 30360-2824
Country: GEORGIA


Personnel
GARY BUELL
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 770-903-9160
Email: grbuell at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
National Water Quality Assessment Program
3039 Amwiler Road
Peachtree business Center, Suite 130
City: Peachtree
Province or State: ATLANTA
Postal Code: 30360-2824
Country: GEORGIA


ELIZABETH A. FRICK
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 770-903-9158
Email: eafrick at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
National Water Quality Assessment Program
Peachtree Business Center, Suite 130
3039 Amwiler Road
City: Atlanta
Province or State: Georgia
Postal Code: 30360-2824
Country: USA


TYLER B. STEVENS
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Fax: 301-614-5268
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA


Publications/References
J.W. Garrett, H.A. Perlman, and J.D. Scholz. Water-Quality Assessment
of the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River basin, Georgia, Florida,
and Alabama: Physical, Chemical, and Biological Data, 1992-1995.
U.S. Geological Survey.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2000-05-25
Last DIF Revision Date: 2000-09-08
Future DIF Review Date: 2001-05-25

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