A retrospective and critical review of aquifer and storage (ASR) sites and conceptual framework of the Upper Floridian aquifer in south FloridaEntry ID: USGS_SOFIA_ASR_04
Abstract: The objectives of this study are to: (1) inventory and assess the strengths and weaknesses of available hydrogeologic, hydraulic, hydrochemical, well construction, and cycle test information at existing ASR sites, (2) conduct a critical review of the hydrogeology on a site-by-site basis and relate to existing regional hydrogeology frameworks, allowing for the delineation of hydrogeologic factors ... that may be important to recovery efficiency, (3) identify hydrogeologic, design, and management factors which locally or regionally constrain the efficient storage and recovery of fresh water within the Upper Floridan aquifer, and (4) conduct a comparative analysis of the performance of all ASR sites having adequate data. This five-year study is divided into two phases, the first of which was two years long. The first phase laid the groundwork for data inventory, review, and analysis, and the second phase will allow for collection of additional data as it becomes available, expand the hydrogeologic framework, and perform a more complete comparative analysis of ASR sites. The study is in the second phase.
Aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) has been described as 'the storage of water in a suitable aquifer through a well during times when water is available, and recovery of the water from the same well during times when it is needed'. Water can be stored in aquifers with poor water quality. ASR in south Florida is proposed in the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP) as a cost-effective water-supply alternative that can help meet needs of agricultural, municipal, and recreational users while providing the water critical for Everglades ecosystem restoration. In CERP, plans have been made to utilize ASR in the Floridan aquifer system on an unprecedented scale. Precedence for ASR in southern Florida has been set with wells having been constructed at over 30 sites, mostly by local municipalities or counties in coastal areas. The Upper Floridan aquifer, the aquifer used at most of these sites, is brackish to saline in south Florida, which can have a large impact on the recovery of the fresh or potable water recharged and stored. Few regional investigations of the Floridan aquifer system hydrogeology in south Florida have been conducted, and the focus of those studies was not on ASR. Lacking a regional ASR framework to aid the decision-making process, ASR well sites in south Florida have been primarily located based on factors such as land availability, source-water quality, and source-water proximity (preexisting surface-water bodies, surficial aquifer system well fields, or water treatment plants). Little effort has been made to link information collected from each site as part of a regional hydrogeologic analysis. Results of this study should help the managers of the CERP program in locating, designing, constructing, and cycle testing ASR wells. These results should help establish a standard cycle testing protocol that can be used to measure the performance of individual CERP wells or clusters of wells.
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Ronald S. Reese
Dataset Title: A retrospective and critical review of aquifer and storage (ASR) sites and conceptual framework of the Upper Floridian aquifer in south Florida
Dataset Release Date: 2002
Data Presentation Form: reportOnline Resource: http://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/review_asr/
Start Date: 1999-10-01Stop Date: 2004-09-30
Quality An inventory of all ASR sites in southern Florida was made, including their target interval formation, type of source water being used, and current status.
An inventory of data available at all ASR sites, including site identification, location, construction data, geophysical log data, aquifer test data, core data, and water-quality data, is nearly complete.
Several GIS map illustrations have been completed. One shows where ASR wells and facilities have been constructed or are planned in South Florida. Others show key parameters for the purpose of comparison of ASR facilities, such as the thickness and diameter of the constructed open borehole.
Collection and compilation of cycle testing data from published reports, consulting reports, and monthly operationing reports was begun. Recovery efficiencies for most of the sites have been determined; however, at many of the sites only 2 or 3 cycles have been conducted and the recovery efficiency determined thus far could be unreliable.
Hydrogeologic tops in the Floridan aquifer system from three reports by Reese and others on the aquifer system were collated into one table for the purpose of constructing maps covering most of southern Florida.
Some ASR sites having performance problems or potential for problems have been identified. Knowledge of the factors contributing to these problems can assist municipalites and regulators in determining optimal site selection or construction methods or both for future ASR sites.
The Restudy of the Central and South Florida Project plans to utilize approximately 300 ASR wells in southern Florida. ASR technology has been tested and implemented in some areas of south Florida; ASR wells have been constructed at 24 sites in an area that extends southward from Charlotte, DeSoto, Glades, Okeechobee, and St. Lucie Counties, and wells are planned or are in the permitting process at five additional sites. A pilot ASR facility is being constructed by South Florida Water Management District on the Hillsboro Canal in southeastern Palm Beach County. Three ASR facilities are operational.
Water-Resources Investigations Report WRIR 02-4036 was published. The report contains sections on factors affecting the recovery of freshwater, the hydrogeology of the Upper Floridian aquifer, inventory of well and test data, and case studies of four selected ASR sites.
Access Constraints None
Use Constraints Acknowledgement of the U.S. Geological Surey in products derived from these data would be appreciated.
No responsibility is assumed by the U.S. Geological Survey in the use of these data.
Data Set Progress
Distribution Media: online
Distribution Format: table
Email: rsreese at usgs.gov
U.S. Geological Survey 3110 SW 9th Avenue
City: Ft. Lauderdale
Province or State: FL
Postal Code: 33315
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Email: alicia.m.aleman at nasa.gov
Goddard Space Flight Center Code 610.2
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Reese, Ronald S., Cunningham, Kevin J. 2000, Hydrogeology of the Gray Limestone Aquifer in Southern Florida, USGS Water Resources Investigations Report, 99-4213, U.S. Geological Survey
Prepared in cooperation with the South Florida Water Management District
Reese, Ronald ... S. 1994, Hydrogeology and the Distribution and Origin of Salinity in the Floridian Aquifer System, Southeastern Florida, USGS Water-Resources Investigations Report, WRIR 94-4010, U.S. Geological Survey
Reese, R. S., Memberg, S. J. 1999, Hydrogeology and the distribution of salinity in the Floridian aquifer system, Palm Beach County, Florida, USGS Water-Resources Investigations Report, WRIR 99-4061, U.S. Geological Survey
Reese, R. S. 1998, Hydrogeology and the Distribution of Salinity in the Floridian Aquifer System, Southwestern Florida, USGS Water-Resources Investigations Report, WRIR 98-4253, U.S. Geological Survey
Reese, Ronald S. 2002, Inventory and Review of Aquifer Storage and Recovery in Southern Florida, USGS Water-Resources Investigations Report, WRIR 02-4036, U.S. Geological Survey
Reese, R. S., Alvarez-Zarikian, C. A. 2007, Hydrogeology and Aquifer Storage and Recovery Performance in the Upper Floridan Aquifer, Southern Florida, USGS Scientific Investigations Report, 2006-5239, U.S. Geological Survey
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2008-05-14
Last DIF Revision Date: 2008-12-31