Geochemical and geomorphological investigations of the McMurdo Dry Valleys freshwater and saline water bodies
Entry ID: K211_1963_1987_NZ_1

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Summary
Abstract: Since the 1963-1964 season, Japanese scientists have studied major and trace elements, nutrient matter, stable and radioactive isotopes and organic constituents in lakes and ponds and geological samples in the Dry Valleys and Ross Island of the McMurdo Sound region in the Antarctic. The results have been discussed in relation to salt origin, biological activity and the history of the lakes.

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Link: GET DATA
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Geographic Coverage
 N: -77.25 S: -77.75  E: 164.0  W: 160.0
 Min Depth: 0  Max Depth: 200

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1963-10-01
Stop Date: 1986-02-01


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > ROSS ISLAND
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > MCMURDO DRY VALLEYS
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > TAYLOR VALLEY
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > LAKE FRYXELL
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > LAKE BONNEY
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > ONYX RIVER
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > WRIGHT VALLEY
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > LAKE VANDA
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > DON JUAN POND
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > DON QUIXOTE POND
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > VICTORIA VALLEY
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > LAKE VIDA
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >LAKES    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >ALKALINITY    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >CONDUCTIVITY    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >NITROGEN COMPOUNDS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >PH    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >RADIOISOTOPES    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >TRACE METALS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >WATER TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS >ISOTOPES    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
INLAND WATERS


Platform
FIELD SURVEYS    [Information]
GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS    [Information]
FIELD INVESTIGATION    [Information]


Instrument
CTD >Conductivity, Temperature, Depth    [Information]
WATER BOTTLES
WATER LEVEL GAUGES    [Information]


Project
JARE >Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition    [Information]


Quality
The Japanese geochemical studies in the McMurdo Dry Valleys region started in the 1963/64 field seasons when the geochemists were invited to conduct investigations in the area. Investigations continued in the area until th 1986/87 field season. The New Zealand Antarctica program supported work from the 1970/71 seasons to the 1986/87 season.
The extensive studies provide geochemical data including general characteritics, major and trace elements, nutrients, organic matter, stable and radioisotope data and secondary minerals of lakes, ponds and their surroundings. The data is summarised in a single publications:

Torii, T. (Editor in Chief). 1994. JARE DATA REPORTS No. 199, Japanese Geochemical Data in the McMurdo Dry Valleys and on Ross Island, Antarctica. National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo, Japan. ISSN 0075-3343

which is available online (see the GET DATA link). This publication lists all of the publications that resulted from these studies up until 1994 and contains all of the data summarised for each site.


Access Constraints
This data is freely available online. See the GET DATA link.


Keywords
geochemical
geophysical
geomorphological
salt deposits
isotopes
trace elements
radionuclides
water properties
water chemical composition


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center


Data Center
Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/

Data Center Personnel
Name: SHULAMIT GORDON
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Personnel
TETSUYA TORII (DECEASED)
Role: INVESTIGATOR


GENKI INOUE MATSUMOTO
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +81 42 339 0088
Fax: +81 42 339 0044
Email: genkiļ¼ otsuma.ac.jp
Contact Address:
Department of Environmental Studies
School of Social Information Studies
Otsuma Women's University
Karakida 2-7-1, Tama-shi
City: Tokyo
Postal Code: 206-8540
Country: JAPAN


CEISHA POIROT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: c.poirot at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


SHULAMIT GORDON
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Publications/References
Torii, T. Murata, S. Ossaka, J. Yamagata, N. Report of the Japanese summer parties in Dry Valleys, Victoria Land, 1963-1965. VIII. Occurrence of Antarcticite in Don Juan Pond - sequential change and the conditions of crystallization. Antarctic record 37: 26-32, 1970.

Torii, T. Murata, S. Ossaka, J. Yamagata, N. Report of the Japanese summer parties in Dry Valleys, Victoria Land, 1963-1965. VIII. Occurrence of Antarcticite in Don Juan Pond - sequential change and the conditions of crystallization. Antarctic record 37: 26-32, 1970.

Torii, T. 1972. Japanese field party surveys in the Dry Valleys. Antarctic Journal of the United States 7: 96.

Yoshida, Y. Torii, T. Yamagata, N. Antarctic saline lakes. In: Proceedings of the Symposium on Hydrogeochemistry and Biochemistry, Tokyo, 1970. Washington, D.C.: Clarke & Co. 1973. pp.652-660

Torii, T. Yamagata, N. Nakaya, S. Murata, S. Hashimoto, T. Matsubaya, O. Sakai, H. Geochemical aspects of the McMurdo saline lakes with special emphasis on the distribution of nutrient matter. Memoirs of the National Institute of Polar Research 4(special issue): 25-29, 1975.

Yoshida, U. Torii, T. Yusa, Y. Nakaya, S. Moriwaki, K. Limnological study of some lakes in the Antarctic. Royal Society of New Zealand bulletin 13: 311-320, 1975.

Kaminuma, K. Torii, T. Yanai, K. Matsumoto, G. Tanaka, Y. Activities of the Japanese party in McMurdo Sound area 1976-1977. Antarctic record 60: 132-146, 1977.

Matsubaya, O. Sakai, H. Torii, T. Isotopic study of saline lakes in Antarctica. Antarctic record 58: 276, 1977.

Matsumoto, G. Hanya, T. Organic carbons and fatty acids in Antarctic saline lakes. Antarctic record 58: 81-88, 1977.

Torii, T. Yamagata, N. Nakaya, S. Murata, S. Chemical characteristics of Antarctic saline lakes. Antarctic record 58: 9-19, 1977.

Torii, T. Yamagata, N. Ossaka, J. Sadao, M. Salt balance in the Don Juan Basin. Antarctic record 58: 116-137, 1977.

Watanuki, K. Torii, T. Murayama, H. Hirabayshi, J. Sano, M. Abiko, T. Geochemical features of Antarctic lakes. Antarctic record 58: 18-25, 1977.

Nakaya, S. Nishimura, M. Geochemical study of the formation process for the saline lakes in the Dry Valleys, south Victoria Land, Antarctica. Antarctic record 58: 89-92, 1977.

Torii, T. Geochemical research in the Antarctic, past and future. Memoirs of the National Institute of Polar Research 14(special issue): 48-51, 1979.

Kato, K. Torii, T. Nakai, N. Dilution and concentration of saline waters in Don Juan Pond in 1974. Memoirs of the National Institute of Polar Research 13(special issue): 53-59, 1979.

Matsubaya, O. Sakai, H. Torii, T. Burton, H. Kerry, K. Antarctic saline lakes - stable isotopic ratios, chemical compositions and evolution. Geochimica et cosmochimica acta 43(1): 7-25, 1979.

Matsumoto, G. Torii, T. Hanya, T. Distribution of organic constituents in lake waters and sediments of the McMurdo Sound region in the Antarctic. Memoirs of the National Institute of Polar Research 12(special issue): 103-120, 1979.

Torii, T. Harris, H.J.H. Cartwright, K. Dynamic chemical equilibrium in a polar desert pond: a sensitive index of meteorological cycles. Science 204(4390): 301-303, 1979.

Memoirs of the National Institute of Polar Research 14(special issue): 48-51, 1979.

Torii, T. Yamagata, N. Ossaka, J. Murata, S. View of the formation of saline waters in the Dry Valleys. Memoirs of the National Institute of Polar Research 13(special issue): 22-23, 1979.

Watanuki, K. Torii, T. Nishiyama, T. Morikawa, H. Geochemical investigations of minerals in the Antarctic. Memoirs of the National Institute of Polar Research 14(special issue): 52-56, 1979.

Watanuki, K. Torii, T. Nakaya, S. Mirayama, H. Murata, S. Note on analytical method for saline water. Memoirs of the National Institute of Polar Research 13(special issue): 227-230, 1979.

Matsumoto, G. Torii, T. Hanya, T. High abundances of long-chain normal alkanoic acids in Antarctic soil. Nature 290(5808): 688-689, 1981.

Torii, T. Murata, S. Yamagata, N. Geochemistry of the Dry Valley lakes. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 11(4): 387-399, 1981.

Wada, E. Shibata, R. Torii, T. 15N abundance in Antarctica: origin of soil nitrogen and ecological implications. Nature 292(5821): 327-329, 1981.

Masuda, N. Nishimura, M. Torii, T. Pathway and distribution of trace elements in Lake Vanda, Antarctica. Nature 298(5870): 154-156, 1982.

Masuda, N. Nishimura, M. Torii, T. Distribution and origin of some trace minerals in Lake Vanda, Antarctica. Antarctic record 75: 25-36, 1982.

Matsumoto, G. Torii, T. Hanya, T. High abundance of algal 24-ethylcholesterol in Antarctic lake sediment. Nature 299(5878): 52-54, 1982.

Tomiyana, C. Kitano, Y. Partitioning of chemical elements into mineral species in core sediment from Don Juan Pond using selective chemical leaching techniques. Antarctic record 76: 20-35, 1982.

Matsumoto, G. Hanya, T. Torii, T. Nutrient matters in saline lakes of McMurdo Oasis in the 1976-77 summer season. Antarctic record 74: 109-118, 1982.

Tomiyana, C. Kitano, Y. Torii, T. Sources of chemical constituents in the salts of the Don Juan Basin. Antarctic record 79: 11-29, 1983.

Matsumoto, G.I. et al. Distribution and correlation of total organic carbon and mercury in Antarctic Dry Valley soils, sediments and organisms. Geochemical journal 17: 247-255, 1983.

Matsumoto, G. Torii, T. Hanya, T. A review of organic geochemistry in Antarctica. Memoirs of the National Institute of Polar Research 33(special issue): 204-217, 1984.

Matsumoto, G. Torii, T. Hanya, T. Vertical distribution of organic constituents in an Antarctic lake: Lake Vanda. Hydrobiologia 111(2): 119-126, 1984.

Torii, T. Topics on the isotope geochemistry of Antarctica. Isotope news 11: 2-7, 1984.

Wada, E. Imaizumi, R. Nakaya, S. Torii, T. N-15 abundance in the Dry Valley area, south Victoria Land, Antarctica: ecophysical implications of microorganisms. Memoirs of the National Institute of Polar Research 32(special issue): 130-139, 1984.

Masuda, N. Nakaya, S. Torii, T. Origin of salt in Antarctic saline lake waters through trace element analysis. Memoirs of the National Institute of Polar Research 33(special issue): 194-203, 1984.

Tomiyana, C. Kitano, Y. Calcite formation in calcium chloride rich water. Japanese journal of limnology 45: 1-5, 1984.

Tomiyana, C. Kitano, Y. Mass balance of salts in Lake Vanda. Antarctic record 83: 37-50, 1984.

Komura, K. Torii, T. Yamamoto, M. Sakanoue, M. Natural and artificial radionucleides in environmental samples collected from the McMurdo Sound region in south Victoria Land, Antarctica. Memoirs of the National Institute of Polar Research 33(special issue): 224-236, 1984.

Komura, K. Torii, T. Tanagisawa, M. Sakanoue, M. Th-230/U-234 chronology of mirablite from Cape Barne in Ross Island, Antarctica. Memoirs of the National Institute of Polar Research 33(special issue): 218-223, 1984.

Matsumoto, G.I. Watanuki, K. Torii, T. Fatty acids in the Beacon Group of southern Victoria Land in Antarctica. Memoirs of the National Institute of Polar Research 37(special issue): 201-210, 1985.

Matsumoto, G.I. Kanda, H. Hydrocarbons, sterols and hydroxy acids in Antarctic mosses. Antarctic record 87: 23-31, 1985.

Matsumoto, G.I. Torii, T. Hanya, T. Sterols and fatty acids in foams from Antarctic lakes of the Dry Valley in south Victoria Land. Geochemical journal 19(2): 91-96, 1985.

Tomiyana, C. Kitano, Y. Salt origin in the Wright Valley, Antarctica. Antarctic record 86: 17-27, 1985.

Matsumoto, G. Topics of organic substances in Antarctica. Polar news 43(August): 63-66, 1986.

Takii, S. Konda, T. Hiraishi, A. Matsumoto, G.I. Kawano, T. Torii, T. Vertical distribution and isolation of bacteria from Lake Vanda: an Antarctic lake. Hydrobiologia 135(1/2): 15-21, 1986.

Matsumoto, G.I. Funaki, M. Machihara, T. Watanuki, K. Alkanes and alkanoic acids in the Beacon Supergroup samples from the Allan Hills and the Carapace Nunatak in Antarctica. Memoirs of the National Institute of Polar Research 43(special issue): 149-158, 1986.

Komura, K. Nakaya, S. Morimoto, T. Torii, T. Activities of Japanese geochemistry party in the Dry Valleys region during the 1984-1985 field season. Antarctic record 31(3): 230-237, 1987.

Komura, K. Nakaya, S. Morimoto, T. Torii, T. Activities of Japanese geochemistry party in the Dry Valleys region during the 1984-1985 field season. Antarctic record 31(3): 230-237, 1987.

Matsumoto, G.I. Watanuki, K. Torii, T. Further study of the vertical distribution of organic constituents in an Antarctic lake, Lake Vanda. Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium on Polar Biology 1: 219-232, 1987.

Matsumoto, G.I. Watanuki, K. Torii, T. Total organic carbon in pond waters from the Labyrinth of southern Victoria Land in the Antarctic. Antarctic record 31(3): 171-176, 1987.

Matsumoto, G.I. Steranes and triterpanes in the Beacon Supergroup samples from southern Victoria Land in Antarctica. Geochimica et cosmochimica acta 51(10): 2663-2671, 1987.

Takamatsu, N. Matsumoto, G. Nakaya, S. Torii, T. Origin of salts in pond waters of the Labyrinth in southern Victoria Land, Antarctica: a study on lithium and boron abundances. Antarctic record 32(2): 103-112, 1988.

Torii, T. Matsumoto, G.I. Nakaya, S. The chemical characteristics of Antarctic lakes and ponds, with special emphasis on the distribution of nutrients. Polarforschung 58(2/3): 219-230, 1988.

Hashimoto, T. Morimoto, T. Ikeuchi, Y. Yoshimizu, K. Torii, T. Komura, K. Survey of artificial radionuclides in the Antarctic. Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium on Antarctic Geosciences 2: 162-168, 1988.

Hashimoto, T. Morimoto, T. Ikeuchi, Y. Yoshimizu, K. Torii, T. Komura, K. A survey of artificial radionuclides in the Antarctic. Radioisotopes 38(4): 33-42, 1989.

Torii, T. Nakaya, S. Matsubaya, O. Matsumoto, G.I. Masuda, N. Kawano, T. Murayama, H. Chemical characteristics of pond waters in the Labyrinth of southern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Hydrobiologia 172: 255-264, 1989.

Nakaya, S. Masuda, N. Torii, N. Torii, T. Chemical element concentration of aerosols in the Dry Valleys area, south Victoria Land (Antarctica). Antarctic record 33(1): 10-16, 1989.

Matsumoto, G.I. Biogeochemical study of organic substances in Antarctic lakes. Hydrobiologia 172: 269-289, 1989.

Matsumoto, G.I. Watanuki, K. Torii, T. Vertical distribution of organic constituents in an Antarctic lake, Lake Fryxell. Hydrobiologia 172: 291-303, 1989.

Matsumoto, G.I. Watanuki, K. Torii, T. Geochemical features of hydroxy acids in soil samples from the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium on Antarctic Geosciences 4: 165-171, 1990.

Matsumoto, G.I. Hirai, A. Hirota, K. Watanuki, K. Organic geochemistry of the McMurdo Dry Valleys soil, Antarctica. Organic geochemistry 16(4-6): 781-791, 1990.

Matsumoto, G.I. Akiyama, M. Watanuki, K. Torii, T. Unusual distributions of long-chain n-alkanes and n-alkenes in Antarctic soil. Organic geochemistry 15(4): 403-412, 1990.

Nagashima, H. Nishikawa, J. Matsumoto, G.I. Iizuka, H. Characterization and habitats of bacteria and yeasts isolated from Lake Vanda in Antarctica. Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium on Polar Biology 3: 190-200, 1990.

Nishikawa, J. Nagashima, H. Matsumoto, G.I. Iizuka, H. Candida psychrofermentans, a new yeast species isolated from a water sample of Lake Vanda in South Victoria Land, Antarctica. In: Recent progress in antifungal chemotherapy.Yamaguchi H. Kobayashi G.S. Takahashi H. (eds) New York: Marcel Dekker. 1991. pp.525-527

Matsumoto, G.I. Nakaya, S. Murayama, H. Masuda, N. Kawano, T. Watanuki, K. Torii, T. Geochemical characteristics of Antarctic lakes and ponds. Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium on Polar Biology 5: 125-145, 1991.

Matsumoto, G.I. Friedmann, E.I. Watanuki, K. Ocampo-Friedmann, R. Novel long-chain anteiso-alkanes and anteiso-alkanoic acids in Antarctic rocks colonized by living and fossil cryptoendolithic microorganisms. Journal of chromatography 598(2): 267-276, 1992.

Matsumoto, G.I. Ohtani, S. Hirota, K. Biogeochemical features of hydrocarbons in cyanobacterial mats from the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium on Polar Biology 6: 98-105, 1993.

Matsumoto, G.I. Geochemical features of the McMurdo Dry Valleys lakes, Antarctica. In: Physical and biogeochemical processes in Antarctic lakes.Green W.J. Friedmann E.I. (eds) Washington: American Geophysical Union. 1993. pp.95-118 [Antarctic research series: 59] ISBN 0875908306

Takamatsu, N. Kato, N. Matsumoto, G.I. Torii, T. Salt origin viewed from lithium distributions in lake and pond waters in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Proceedings of the International Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology. 2(December): 954-956, 1993.

Torii, T. (Editor in Chief). 1994. JARE DATA REPORTS No. 199, Japanese Geochemical Data in the McMurdo Dry Valleys and on Ross Island, Antarctica. National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo, Japan. ISSN 0075-3343

Matsumoto, G.I. Geochemical monitoring of Antarctic lakes and their ecosystems. Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium on Antarctic Geosciences 7: 158-172, 1994.

Takamatsu, N. Kato, N. Matsumoto, G.I. Torii, T. Alkali metal constraints on the origin of salts in lakes and ponds from the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium on Antarctic Geosciences 8: 250-257, 1995.

Matsumoto, G.I. Yamada, S. Ohtani, S. Broady, P.A. Nagashima, H. Biogeochemical features of hydrocarbons in cultured cyanobacteria and green algae from Antarctica. Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium on Polar Biology 9: 275-282, 1996.

Takamatsu, N. Kato, N. Matsumoto, G.I. Torii, T. Origin of salts in water bodies of the Mc Murdo Dry Valleys. Antarctic science 10(4): 439-448, 1998.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2009-01-28
Last DIF Revision Date: 2009-01-30

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