Surface- and Ground-Water Monitoring and Mapping of Selected Features at the Blue Ridge Parkway Mt. Pisgah Campground, Haywood County, North Carolina, 2002
Entry ID: USGS_OFR_2004_1073

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Summary
Abstract: During 2002, a baseline study of hydrologic conditions was conducted, and
selected features were mapped within the Mt. Pisgah campground on the Blue
Ridge Parkway in Haywood County, North Carolina. Field surveys were performed
by using global positioning system equipment one time (January 2002) during the
study to locate hydrologic and other types of features in the study area.
Water-level and streamflow data and seasonal water-quality samples were
collected from a stream that receives all surface-water drainage from the
campground area. During 2002, water levels (stage) in the stream ranged from
1.09 to 1.89 feet above gage datum (4,838.06 to 4,838.86 feet above mean sea
level). Flow in the stream ranged from 0.05 to 9.7 cubic feet per second.
Annual daily mean flow for calendar year 2002 was approximately 0.35 cubic foot
per second (about 226,000 gallons per day). Samples collected from the stream
had low concentrations of all constituents measured. Four compounds associated
with human activity (camphor, N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide (the insect repellent
DEET), tributylphosphate, and methylsalicylate) were detected in the stream
samples; however, concentrations were less than detection levels. Stream
samples collected in April and September and analyzed for fecal coliform
bacteria had densities of 76 and 110 colonies per 100 milliliters of water,
respectively. No violations of water-quality standards were noted for any
constituent measured in the stream samples.

Seven shallow ground-water wells were installed near a natural area in the
center of the campground. Ground-water levels measured periodically in these
wells and in two existing shallow piezometers generally were highest in the
spring and lowest in the fall. Water temperature, pH, and specific conductance
were measured in samples collected from the shallow wells in April and
September 2002. Measured pH values were consistently lowest in samples from two
wells on the west side of the natural area and highest in samples from the well
located near the center of the natural area. Specific-conductance values
measured in samples from wells on the east side of the natural area were lower
than those measured in samples from the other wells. Specific-conductance
values measured in samples from two wells on the west side and from one well
near the center of the natural area generally were two to three times higher
than the specific-conductance values measured in samples from wells on the east
side of the natural area.

Samples for fecal coliform bacteria were collected from six wells on September
11, 2002. The fecal coliform densities in samples from most of the wells were
less than or equal to 8 colonies per 100 milliliters. Samples from two of the
three wells on the west side of the natural area had coliform densities of 16
and 480 colonies per 100 milliliters.

Other ground-water samples collected on September 11 and September 24 were
analyzed with a spectrophotometer in the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) North
Carolina District Office for nitrate concentrations only. From the samples
collected on September 11, estimated nitrate concentrations of 1 milligram per
liter or less were detected in three wells, two on the west side and one on the
east side of the natural area. Nitrate was not detected with a
spectrophotometer in any of the ground-water samples collected on September 24.
Indicator test strips also were used in the field to screen for nitrate and
nitrite in ground-water samples collected on September 24. Nitrate was detected
by test strips in one well on the west side of the natural area, with estimated
concentrations of 1 milligram per liter or less indicated. Nitrite was not
detected by the test strips in samples collected from any of the wells.

[Summary provided by the USGS.]

Related URL
Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Report on the Surface- and Ground-Water Monitoring and Mapping of Selected
Features at the Blue Ridge Parkway Mt. Pisgah Campground, Haywood County, North
Carolina, 2002.


Geographic Coverage
 N: 37.03 S: 33.4  E: -75.01  W: -84.77

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Douglas G. Smith
Dataset Title: Surface- and Ground-Water Monitoring and Mapping of Selected Features at the Blue Ridge Parkway Mt. Pisgah Campground, Haywood County, North Carolina, 2002
Dataset Series Name: Open File Report 2004-1073
Dataset Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Issue Identification: Online Files
Online Resource: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1073/


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 2002-01-01
Stop Date: 2002-12-31


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > NORTH CAROLINA


Science Keywords
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >GROUND WATER >AQUIFERS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >GROUND WATER >GROUND WATER DISCHARGE/FLOW    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >GROUND WATER >DRAINAGE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >GROUND WATER >GROUNDWATER CHEMISTRY    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >DISCHARGE/FLOW    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >DRAINAGE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >HYDROPATTERN    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >LAKES    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >RIVERS/STREAMS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >TOTAL SURFACE WATER    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >CONTAMINANTS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >DISSOLVED GASES    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >DISSOLVED SOLIDS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >NITROGEN COMPOUNDS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >ORGANIC MATTER    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >GEOMORPHOLOGY >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS/PROCESSES    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES >FLUVIAL LANDFORMS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >WATER TRACE ELEMENTS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
ENVIRONMENT
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
INLAND WATERS


Platform
FIELD SURVEYS    [Information]


Instrument
SPECTROPHOTOMETERS    [Information]


Keywords
OFR
Open File Report
Streamwater
Streamwater Quality
Ground-Water Quality
Ground-Water Levels
Stream Stage and Streamflow


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
USGS


Data Center
Open File Services Section, Publications Warehouse, Eastern Region, Publications, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/

Data Center Personnel
Name: USGS OPEN-FILE SERVICES SECTION
Phone: 303-202-4200
Phone: 303-202-4210
Fax: 303-202-4188
Email: infoservices at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
USGS Information Services
Open-File Services Section
Box 25286
Federal Center
City: Denver
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80225-0286
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: Online
Fees: No fees


Personnel
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY NORTH CAROLINA DISTRICT
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: (919) 571-4000
Email: dc_nc at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
3916 Sunset Ridge Road
City: Raleigh
Province or State: North Carolina
Postal Code: 27607
Country: USA



Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2005-12-22
Last DIF Revision Date: 2005-12-22

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