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Health of Bullhead in an Urban Fishery after Remedial Dredging
Entry ID: LSC_bullhead


Summary
Abstract: Tumor frequency in brown bullhead and PAH residue levels have been studied
periodically in the Black River since 1980. During 1982 when a coke plant was
operational, brown bullhead (age 3 or older) had a 60% frequency of liver
neoplasms and a 39% frequency of outright cancer. Sediment from near the
outfall of the USX coking facility contained high concentrations of polynuclear
aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), with known mammalian carcinogens such as
benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) being in the 40 50 mg/kg range. Such levels are over
1,000 times higher than those found at reference sites. The USX coking plant
permanently closed in October of 1983. Four years later in 1987 the tumor
prevalence for mature fish had declined to almost one-half the 1982 level
(32%), and the incidence of cancer had been reduced to about one-fourth of the
1982 level (10%). This decline was statistically significant within age groups.

The web site for Leetown Science Center research studies is
http://www.lsc.usgs.gov/

Related URL
Link: VIEW EXTENDED METADATA
Description: Metadata in Biological Data Profile format.


Geographic Coverage
 N: 40.88 S: 36.96  E: -77.48  W: -82.89

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Leetown Science Center
Dataset Title: Health of Bullhead in an Urban Fishery after Remedial Dredging
Dataset Release Place: Kearneysville, West Virginia
Dataset Publisher: USGS, BRD, Leetown Science Center


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > WEST VIRGINIA


Science Keywords
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >CONTAMINANT LEVELS/SPILLS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >CONTAMINANTS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >HYDROCARBONS >PAH'S    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES >FISH    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS >RIVERS/STREAM HABITAT    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
ENVIRONMENT
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
INLAND WATERS


Access Constraints
None


Use Constraints
None


Keywords
tumor frequency
brown bullhead
PAH
polyaromatic hydrocarbon


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Leetown Science Center, Biological Resources Division, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.lsc.usgs.gov/

Data Center Personnel
Name: PAUL BAUMANN
Phone: (614) 469-5701
Email: baumann.1 at osu.edu
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
Biological Resources Division
Patuxent Wildife Research Center
City: Laurel
Province or State: Maryland
Postal Code: 25430
Country: USA


Personnel
PAUL BAUMANN
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: (614) 469-5701
Email: baumann.1 at osu.edu
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
Biological Resources Division
Patuxent Wildife Research Center
City: Laurel
Province or State: Maryland
Postal Code: 25430
Country: USA


TYLER B. STEVENS
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Fax: 301-614-5268
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA



Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2003-07-29
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-01-27



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