Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin: Aircraft Landing Observations from the Former Soviet Union, 1928-1989Entry ID: G02140
Abstract: This data set contains sea ice and snow measurements collected during aircraft landings associated with the Soviet Union's historical Sever airborne and North Pole drifting station programs. The High-Latitude Airborne Annual Expeditions Sever (Sever means North) took place in 1937, 1941, 1948-1952, and 1954-1993 (Konstantinov and Grachev, 2000). In Spring 1993, the last (45th) Sever expedition ... finished long-term activity in the Arctic. Snow and sea ice data were collected, along with meteorological and hydrological measurements (the latter are not part of this data set). Up to 202 landings were accomplished each year. The data set contains measurements of 23 parameters, including ice thickness and snow depth on the runway and surrounding area; ridge, hummock, and sastrugi dimensions and areal coverage; and snow density. The sea ice thickness data are of particular importance, as ice thickness measurements for the Arctic Basin are scarce. These data are a subset of those used to create the atlas Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin, self-published by Ilya P. Romanov in 1993, and republished by Backbone Publishing Company in 1995. Romanov provided these data to the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) in 1994.
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: NSIDC, . Compiled by I. P. Romanov.
Dataset Title: Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin: Aircraft Landing Observations from the Former Soviet Union, 1928-1989
Dataset Release Date: 2004-03-17
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Dataset DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N5B8562TOnline Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/g02140.html
Start Date: 1928-06-01Stop Date: 1989-05-31
CRYOSPHERE > SEA ICE > ICE DEFORMATION
CRYOSPHERE > SEA ICE > ICE DEPTH/THICKNESS
CRYOSPHERE > SEA ICE > ICE FLOES > LENGTH
CRYOSPHERE > SEA ICE > ICE FLOES > WIDTH
CRYOSPHERE > SEA ICE > ICE ROUGHNESS > HUMMOCKS
CRYOSPHERE > SEA ICE > SEA ICE ELEVATION > HUMMOCKS
CRYOSPHERE > SEA ICE > SNOW DEPTH
CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW DENSITY
CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW DEPTH
OCEANS > SEA ICE > ICE DEFORMATION
OCEANS > SEA ICE > ICE DEPTH/THICKNESS
OCEANS > SEA ICE > ICE FLOES > LENGTH
OCEANS > SEA ICE > ICE FLOES > WIDTH
OCEANS > SEA ICE > ICE ROUGHNESS > HUMMOCKS
OCEANS > SEA ICE > SEA ICE ELEVATION
OCEANS > SEA ICE > SNOW DEPTH
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW DENSITY
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW DEPTH
Quality Each parameter was examined for extreme values by plotting all values and visually scanning for obvious outliers. These values were then investigated to determine the nature of the error. Extreme values were rare. The four outlying ice and snow parameters were replaced with the value for missing data. Some runway length, runway width, floe length, and floe width parameters have values of 9999 and -1. Values of -1 indicate missing data, but the meaning of 9999 values is unclear.
Data Set Progress
Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Size: 0.45 to 30 KB
Distribution Format: ASCII Text
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
National Snow and Ice Data Center CIRES, 449 UCB University of Colorado
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Arctic Climatology Project. 2000. Environmental Working Group Joint U.S.-Russian Sea Ice Atlas. Edited by F. Tanis and V. Smolyanitsky. Ann Arbor, MI: Environmental Research Institute of Michigan in association with the National Snow and Ice Data Center. CD-ROM.
Arctic Climatology Project. 2000. Environmental Working Group Arctic Meteorology and Climate Atlas. Edited by F. Fetterer and V. ... Radionov. Boulder, CO: National Snow and Ice Data Center. CD-ROM.
Borodachev, V.E. and V. I. Shilnikov. 2002. Istoriya Ledovoi Aviatsionnoi Razvedki v Arktike i na Zamerzayushchikh Moryakh Rossii (1914-1993) (The History of Aerial Ice Reconnaissance in the Arctic and Ice-covered Seas of Russia, 1914-1993). Gidrometeoizdat Publishing House, St. Petersburg, Russia. 441 pp. ISBN 5-286-01448-8.
Romanov, I.P. 1979. Sizes of Ice Fields. Trans. POLEX-Sever-76. Gidrometeoizdat Publishing House, St. Petersburg, Russia. pp. 11-115.
Romanov, I.P. 1993. Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin. First edition. Self-published. St. Petersburg, Russia.
Romanov, I.P. 1995. Atlas of Ice and Snow of the Arctic Basin and Siberian Shelf Seas. Dr. Alfred Tunik, translator and editor. Second edition of atlas and monograph. Revised and expanded. ISBN 0-9644311-3-0. Backbone Publishing Company. Rukovodstvo po proizvodstvu ledovoy aviarazvedki (Handbook for conducting airborne ice reconnaissance). 1981. Gidrometeoizdat Publishing House, St. Petersburg, Russia. 240 pp.
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2004-03-17
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-07-29