HELICOPTER MMR REFLECTANCE DATA (SNF)Entry ID: SNF_HELO_MMR
Abstract: A major aspect of the ground data collection effort in the SNF during the summers of 1983 and 1984 was the acquisition of helicopter canopy reflectance measurements. Canopy measurements were made at numerous sites with a helicopter-mounted Barnes multiband radiometer (MMR). MMR data were collected on ten dates in 1983 and eight dates in 1984. An additional Barnes radiometer was used to make ... simultaneous reference panel measurements. The canopy reflectance was derived from the canopy and reference panel measurements. All canopy and reference panel measurements were made under clear sky conditions. A majority of the helicopter measurements were taken at nadir view, although some off-nadir view angle measurements were taken primarily over black spruce and aspen sites. The reflectance factor is the ratio of radiant flux of the canopy measurement to that of the reference or calibration panel. Another component to be considered is atmospheric scatter, especially for aircraft measurements taken at higher altitudes. The amount of atmospheric scattering can be determined by using reflectance measurements of water targets. Reflectance measurements over water targets are included for all acquisitions in 1983. No water target measurements were taken during the 1984 field campaign. The summarized MMR data for both years, 1983 and 1984, are included in this data set. Fields include site ID number, number of observations averaged, code for altitude of instrument above the canopy, the time at which observations begin, the time at which observations end, sun zenith angle, sun azimuth angle, and reflectance for each of the bands (with standard deviations included within parenthesis). All measurements were taken at nadir, except where otherwise indicated. In 1984, MMR data were collected using off nadir view angles to measure the bi-directional reflectance characteristics of the forests.
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: GOETZ, S.J.HALL, F.G.HUEMMRICH, K.F.NICKESON, J.E.STREBEL, D.E.WOODS, K.D.
Dataset Title: HELICOPTER MMR REFLECTANCE DATA (SNF)
Dataset Release Date: 1996
Dataset Release Place: Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A.
Dataset Publisher: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center
Data Presentation Form: Online Files
Dataset DOI: doi:10.3334/ORNLDAAC/144Online Resource: http://mercury.ornl.gov/ornldaac/send/query?term2=144&term2attribut...
Start Date: 1986-01-01Stop Date: 1986-12-31
ISO Topic Category
Data Set Progress
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: (301) 405-1297
Fax: (301) 314-9299
Email: sgoetz at geog.umd.edu
University of Maryland Dept of Geography LeFrak Bldg
City: College Park
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20742
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (865) 574-7447
Email: uso at daac.ornl.gov
ORNL DAAC User Services Office Oak Ridge National Laboratory
City: Oak Ridge
Province or State: TN
Postal Code: 37831-6407
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 1996-10-24
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-08-31