Platforms>Space Stations/Manned Spacecraft
Space Shuttle Observations of Lightning - Mesoscale Lightning Experiment (Red Sprites, Blue Jets, Elves)Entry ID: SPRITES_ELVES_BLUEJETS2
Abstract: This data set is a collection of images and corresponding data related to
mesoscale lightning phenomena: Red Sprites, Blue Jets, and Elves.
The Shuttle lightning observation research program evolved from cooperative
research efforts of the Marshall Space Flight Center, State University of New
York at Albany, and New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology at Socorro.
These cooperative research ... programs were conducted to learn more about
atmospheric electricity and it's relationship to severe storms and their
Ground based observations by Franz, Nemzek and Winkler reported in Science
magazine (1990) that they had observed large luminous discharges above a
thunderstorm using a low-light level black and white TV camera system. At 22:14
CST on July 6, 1989 they recorded a twin flash originating in a storm top cloud
and discharging into the stratosphere. The active thunderstorm was about 250 km
from their site, and below the horizon, so only the upper discharge-like events
can be seen.
Spectacular video observations were obtained of sprites and upward jet
phenomenon at relatively close range.
The link to pictures and other data of sprites, elves and blue jets
can be found at: http://www.knology.net/~skeetv/myobs.htm
Data Set Citation
Data Presentation Form: GIF, MPEG, QuicktimeOnline Resource: http://thunder.nsstc.nasa.gov/research.html
Phone: 205) 922-5893
Email: skeet.vaughan at msfc.nasa.gov
Earth System Science Division Space Sciences Lab, NASA/MSFC Mesoscale Lightning Experiment (MLE)
Province or State: Alabama
Postal Code: 35812
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Boeck, William, Otha H. Vaughan, Jr, Richard Blakeslee, Bernard Vonnegut, Marx Brook, and John McKune, Jr, 1995, "Observations of Lightning in the Stratosphere", Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 100, No. D1, pp. 1465-1475, January 20, 1995.
Vaughan, Otha H. Jr., 1994, "NASA Shuttle Lightning Research: Observations of Nocturnal Thunderstorms and Lightning Displays as Seen During Recent Space Shuttle Missions," Conference on Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research, SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 2266, 25-27 July 1994, San Diego, California.
Vaughan, Otha H. Jr., 1994, "Observations of Nocturnal Thunderstorms and
Lightning Displays as Seen During Recent Shuttle Missions," Fifth Symposium on Global Change, and the Symposium on Global Electric Circuit, Global Change, and the Meteorological Applications of Lightning Information, American Meteorological Society, Jan. 23-28, Nashville, TN., pp. 355-359.
Vaughan, Otha H. Jr., Richard Blakeslee, William Boeck, Bernard Vonnegut, Marx Brook, and John. McKune Jr., 1992, "A Cloud-to-Space Lightning as Recorded by the Space Shuttle Payload-Bay TV Cameras," Monthly Weather Review, 120 (7), pp. 1459-1461.
Vaughan, Otha H. Jr., 1990, "Mesoscale Lightning Experiment (MLE): A View as Seen from Space During the STS-26 Mission," NASA TM-103513.
Wescott, E.M., Sentman, D.D., Heavner, M.J., Hampton, D.L., Osborne, D.L., and O.H. Vaughan Jr., 1996, "Blue starters: Brief Upward discharges from an intense Arkansas thunderstorm," Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 23, No. 16, pp. 2153-2156, August 1, 1996.
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2004-07-19
Last DIF Revision Date: 2008-06-03