Benthic community structure in the Chirikov Basin, northern Bering Sea: A comparison between 1986 and 2002
Entry ID: ArcOD_2007B2

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Summary
Abstract: Macrobenthic infauna collections were made to investigate potential changes in community structure (abundance, biomass, diversity) in the Chirikov Basin, northern Bering Sea between 1986 and 2002; one of the biomass hot spot region in the Arctic. Two cruises to the Chirikov Basin were conducted in the years 1986 and 2002 with the R/V/ Alpha Helix. Samples were taken at the same 20 stations during both cruises, 15 of which were included in this study. Infauna was collected at each station with a 0.1m2 van Veen grab. Total abundance ranged from 343-13,373 individuals m-2 in 1986 and from 1093-11,418 individuals m-2 in 2002. Biomass ranged from 20-515g wet weight m-2 in 1986 and from 62-1694g wet weight m-2 in 2002. Total abundance and biomass in the Chirikov Basin were dominated by amphipods of the family Ampeliscidae. Other abundant taxa were other Crustacea, Mollusca and Polychaeta. Overall, a trend (though not statistically significant at all stations) for hi gher abundance and biomass was observed in 2002 compared to 1986. This thesis is part of a larger study in the Chirikov Basin that focused on ampeliscid amphipods only (Coyle et al, Deep-Sea Research II, scheduled for December 2007). This study used the WORMS and ITIS databases for the taxonomic information. Estimates of abundance are not corrected for detectability.

Purpose: To asses community structure (abundance, biomass, diversity) of the infauna of the Chirikov Basin, northern Bering Sea for the years 1986 and 2002.

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Parent DIF
This data set description is a member of a collection. The collection is described in
ArcOD


Geographic Coverage
 N: 64.966 S: 64.082  E: -168.0  W: -169.869

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Wenzel, M., Bluhm, B.A., Iken, K.
Dataset Title: Benthic community structure in the Chirikov Basin, northern Bering Sea: A comparison between 1986 and 2002
Other Citation Details: Master Thesis (German), University of Marburg, 2007
Online Resource: http://ak.aoos.org/ArcOD/data_table.php


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1986-01-01
Stop Date: 2002-12-31


Location Keywords
OCEAN > ARCTIC OCEAN
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN > BERING SEA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > ARCTIC
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES >BRYOZOANS/MOSS ANIMALS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES >ARTHROPODS >CRUSTACEANS >COPEPODS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES >ARTHROPODS >CRUSTACEANS >DECAPODS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES >ARTHROPODS >CRUSTACEANS >AMPHIPODS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES >ARTHROPODS >CRUSTACEANS >OSTRACODS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES >ARTHROPODS >CRUSTACEANS >ISOPODS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES >PEANUT WORMS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES >CNIDARIANS >HYDROZOANS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES >ECHINODERMS    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES >MOLLUSKS >GASTROPODS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES >MOLLUSKS >BIVALVES
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES >SEGMENTED WORMS (ANNELIDS)    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES >TUNICATES
BIOSPHERE >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >BENTHIC HABITAT    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES >CNIDARIANS >ANTHOZOANS/HEXACORALS


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
OCEANS


Platform
SHIPS    [Information]


Instrument
GRAB SAMPLERS    [Information]


Project
OBIS >OCEAN BIOGEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM    [Information]
ARCOD >ARCTIC OCEAN BIODIVERSITY    [Information]
COML >CENSUS OF MARINE LIFE    [Information]


Quality
ATTRIBUTE ACCURACY REPORT: Accuracy of the van Veen grab was not tested. The complete grab sample was washed over 1 mm screen and all specimens were preserved and later sorted. When hitting the sea floor, van Veen grabs blow away an unknown (specimen-density specific) portion of the sediment surface. Despinte this, van Veen grabs are the standard tool for sampling macroinfauna (details in “Methods for the Study of Marine Benthos by N. A. Holme, A. D. McIntyre”)



LOGICAL CONSISTENCY REPORT: The same procedures were used at all sites; findings should be consistent.


COMPLETENESS REPORT: Samples are complete; all taxa were sorted, but not to species level. Ampeliscid amphipods were previously analyzed by Coyle et al. (see cross reference).


HORIZONTAL POSITIONAL ACCURACY REPORT: Sites were identified using ship GPS (R/V Alpha Helix, out of commission as of 2006)

When not provided by authors, taxonomic information was completed using ITIS and WORMS. Taxon list is based on quantitative distribution sampling with a van Veen grab and may not represent a complete list of taxa occurring in the region.

PROCESS DESCRIPTION: applicable since fully explained in Methodology: see above. Table of station latitudes and longitudes are given in Master Thesis.


PROCESS DESCRIPTION: Added AOOS/IOOS core variables. Added ArcOD archive information


Access Constraints
None.


Use Constraints
Contacting data owners is recommended for valid interpretation of these data.

ArcOD shall not be held liable for improper or incorrect use of the data described and/or contained herein. These data and related graphics (i.e. GIF or JPG format files) are not legal documents and are not intended to be used as such. The information contained in these data is dynamic and may change over time. The data are not better than the original sources from which they were derived. It is the responsibility of the data user to use the data appropriately and consistent within the limitations of geospatial data in general and these data in particular. The related graphics are intended to aid the data user in acquiring relevant data; it is not appropriate to use the related graphics as data. ArcOD gives no warranty, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of these data. It is strongly recommended that these data are directly acquired from an ArcOD server and not indirectly through other sources which may have changed the data in some way. Although these data have been processed successfully on computer systems at ArcOD, no warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the utility of the data on other systems for general or scientific purposes, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. This disclaimer applies both to individual use of the data and aggregate use with other data.


Keywords
macrozoobenthos
abundance
distribution
arctic biodiversity
species composition
Veen grabs
Chirikov Basin
Bering Strait


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
Alaska Ocean Observing System


Data Center
International Ocean Biogeographic Information System    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.iobis.org/

Data Center Personnel
Name: EDWARD VANDEN BERGHE
Phone: (732) 932-6555 x 565
Fax: (732) 932-8578
Email: evberghe at iobis.org
Contact Address:
Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences
Rutgers University
71 Dudley Road
City: New Brunswick
Province or State: NJ
Postal Code: 08901-8521
Country: USA


Alaska Ocean Observing System, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska - Fairbanks    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.aoos.org/

Data Center Personnel
Name: ROB CERMAK
Phone: (907) 474-7948
Email: cermak at sfos.uaf.edu
Contact Address:
Alaska Ocean Observing System
School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences
University of Alaska Fairbanks
PO Box 757200
City: Fairbanks
Province or State: AK
Postal Code: 99775-7220
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Format: EXCEL
Fees: None


Personnel
MELANIE WENZEL
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +1 907 474 6332
Email: melanie.wenzel at web.de
Contact Address:
245 O’Neill Bldg, University of Alaska Fairbanks
City: Fairbanks
Province or State: Alaska
Postal Code: 99775
Country: USA


FALK HUETTMANN
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +01-907-4747882
Fax: +01-907 4746967
Email: fhuettmann at alaska.edu
Contact Address:
419 Irving I, PO Box 757000
City: Fairbanks
Province or State: AK
Postal Code: 99775-7000
Country: USA


ALICIA ALEMAN
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Email: alicia.m.aleman at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
Goddard Space Flight Center
Code 610.2
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA


Publications/References
Graham, C. H., S. Ferrier, F. Huettmann, C. Moritz and A.T. Peterson (2004), New developments in museum-based informatics and applications in biodiversity analysis, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 19, 497-503

Coyle C, Bluhm BA, Konar B, Blanchard A, Highsmith R (2007), Amphipod prey of gray whales in the northern Bering Sea: comparison of biomass and distribution between the 1980s and 2002-2003, Deep-Sea Research 2

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2009-01-19
Last DIF Revision Date: 2011-05-10

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