Macrozoobenthos composition, abundance and biomass in the Arctic Ocean along a transect between Svalbard and the Makarov Basin 1991.Entry ID: ArcOD_2006B2
Abstract: Macrofauna has been sampled during R/V Polarstern research cruise ARK VIII/3 in August-September (1st August til 1st October) 1991 at 30 stations, at water depths of 1018-4478 m, along a transect extending between Northern Svalbard and the Makarov Basin, as a basis for understanding aspects of the benthic ecology of the Arctic Ocean. The method of box core was used. Animals counts were done ... according to convention: sorting under a stereo microscope after sieving and preservations. A 250µm mesh was used for sieving. Accuracy is unknown. Box cores likely lose some light epifauna during coring process, but this is the most common deep-sea infauna collection tool used. Species numbers, abundances and biomasses were extremely low, and generally varied between 0 to 11/0.02 m super(2), 0 to 850 individuals/m super(2), and 0 to 82.65 g/m super(2), respectively. A total of 42 species was found. The amphipod Jassa marmorata was the most common species. Both numbers and biomasses of suspension-feeding species increased towards the Lomonosov Ridge, probably due to lateral transport of organic material by deep currents along the ridge. This dataset is covered in two publications (Kroencke 1994 & 1998).
Purpose: To assess species composition, abundance and distribution of the macrobenthos between Northern Svalbard and the Makarov Basin.
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Ingrid Kroencke
Dataset Title: Macrozoobenthos composition, abundance and biomass in the Arctic Ocean along a transect between Svalbard and the Makarov Basin 1991.
Dataset Series Name: (1994) 14: 519-529 and (1998) 19: 383-392
Issue Identification: Polar BiologyOnline Resource: http://ak.aoos.org/ArcOD/data_table.php
This data set description is a member of a collection. The collection is described in
Start Date: 1991-01-01
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES > ARTHROPODS > CRUSTACEANS > MYSIDS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES > ARTHROPODS > CRUSTACEANS > ISOPODS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES > CNIDARIANS > HYDROZOANS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES > MOLLUSKS > GASTROPODS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES > SEGMENTED WORMS (ANNELIDS)
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES > TUNICATES
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > BENTHIC HABITAT
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES > CNIDARIANS > ANTHOZOANS/HEXACORALS
Quality ATTRIBUTE ACCURACY REPORT: The animals counts were done according to convention: sorting under a stereo microscope after sieving and preservations. A 250µm mesh was used for sieving. Accuracy is unknown. Box cores likely lose some light epifauna during coring process, but this is the most common deep-sea infauna collection tool used. Trichostomma hemisphaerus was not found in WORMS
LOGICAL CONSISTENCY REPORT: The same procedures were used at all sites and for all species; findings should be consistent.
COMPLETENESS REPORT: Sieve size used: 500 µm. Box core area: 0.25 square meters, but mostly a sub-sampler of 0.02 m-2 was used. Trichostomma hemisphaerus was not found in WORMS
HORIZONTAL POSITIONAL ACCURACY REPORT: As provied by German research icebreaker Polarstern.
PROCESS DESCRIPTION: applicable since fully explained in Methodology: see above
PROCESS DESCRIPTION: Received update on 2009-04-02. Saved as version 3 in the data archive ak:2006/0000012. Added AOOS data management keywords. Data processed from submitted Excel file. Several names were modified from UTF8 to ASCII equivalent. See wiki page "ArcOD_2006B2" for more detailed information on dataset updates.
When not provided by author, taxonomic information was completed using WORMS (e.g. in many cases for ORDER). If WORMS lacked information, other web sources have been used: http://sn2000.taxonomy.nl/Taxonomicon, http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html, http://www.zin.ru/projects/arccoml/eng/dbases.htm, http://www.marbef.org/data/ermssearch.php, http://www.iopan.gda.pl/projects/biodaff/EMBS-06.html as well as literature references Sirenko 2001 List of species of free-living invertebrates of Eurasian Arctic seas and adjacent deep waters. Exploration of the fauna of the seas 51(59). Atlas of the marine fauna of southern Spitsbergen (5 Volumes). Polish Academy of Sciences.
Access Constraints None. Contacting data owners is recommended for valid interpretation of these data.
Use Constraints Do not redistribute to third parties.
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Data Set Progress
Distribution Format: EXCEL
Phone: +49-(0)4421 9475 250
Email: ingrid.kroencke at senckenberg.de
Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft; Naturmuseum und Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg Suedstrand 40
Province or State: Germany
Postal Code: D-26382
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Fax: +01-907 4746967
Email: fhuettmann at alaska.edu
419 Irving I, PO Box 757000
Province or State: AK
Postal Code: 99775-7000
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Email: alicia.m.aleman at nasa.gov
Goddard Space Flight Center Code 610.2
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Graham, C. H., S. Ferrier, F. Huettmann, C. Moritz and A.T. Peterson; 2004, New developments in museum-based informatics and applications in biodiversity analysis. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 19:497-503, Polar Biology 28: 218-231
Kroencke I. 1994: Macrozoobenthos composition, abundance and biomass in the Arctic Ocean along a transect between Svalbard and the Makarov Basin 1991.
Kroencke I. 1998: Macrofauna communities in the Amundsen Basin, at the Morris Jessup.
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2007-04-21
Last DIF Revision Date: 2010-01-21