The distribution and abundance patterns of meroplankton in the Ross Sea regionEntry ID: K018_2002_2008_NZ_1
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Abstract: The pelagic community of the Ross Sea consists of a permanent component (=holoplankton) and a temporary component which is primarily made up from the larval stages of benthic marine invertebrates and fish (= the meroplankton). The distribution and abundance pattern of the meroplankton in the Ross Sea was investigated. A combined morphological and molecular approach was used to identify the ... common larval "types" collected from sites in the Ross Sea along the Victoria Land coast including McMurdo Sound, Granite Harbour, Gerlache Inlet (Terra Nova Bay), and Cape Hallett. Daily samples (where possible) of meroplankton larva were collected in early summer (Nov/Dec) using a 100 micron collapsible plankton net. Plankton samples were sorted fresh, the larvae were quantified and specimens were photographed and preserved for DNA sequence analysis and morphological description. One plankton sample from each site was preserved in a formalin based Steedman's fix and taken to the University of Auckland as a reference samples. A filter bag from the seawater intake to the RO-plant at Scott Base was also analysed. Adult marine invertebrate samples were received from other events sampling efforts and used to form the beginnings of an adult invertebrate database by comparing larval gene sequences with adult sequences. The questions the project specifically addresses are: 1) Is there a latitudinal gradient in meroplankton biodiversity and abundance along the Victoria Land Coast?, and 2) using molecular sequencing, can we quantify the distribution and abundance of common marine invertebrate larvae for a better understanding of the functioning of marine benthic communities in the Ross Sea?
Start Date: 2002-11-21Stop Date: 2002-12-14
Start Date: 2003-11-22Stop Date: 2003-12-13
Start Date: 2004-11-14Stop Date: 2004-12-05
Start Date: 2006-11-13Stop Date: 2006-12-06
Start Date: 2007-11-14Stop Date: 2007-12-06
Start Date: 2008-11-17Stop Date: 2008-12-06
Start Date: 2009-11-17Stop Date: 2009-12-01
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > FISH
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > PLANKTON > ZOOPLANKTON
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > BENTHIC HABITAT
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > MARINE HABITAT > PELAGIC HABITAT
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > MARINE HABITAT
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY DYNAMICS > BIODIVERSITY FUNCTIONS
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY STRUCTURE
ISO Topic Category
Data Set Progress
Phone: +64 9 373 7599 ext. 83758
Fax: +64 9 373 7417
Email: m.sewell at auckland.ac.nz
School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019
Postal Code: 92019
Country: NEW ZEALAND
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Antarctica New Zealand Private Bag 4745
Country: New Zealand
Sewell, M.A. Examination of the meroplankton community in the south-western Ross Sea, Antarctica, using a collapsible plankton net. Polar biology 28: 119-131, 2005.
Sewell, M.A. The meroplankton community of the northern Ross Sea: a preliminary comparison with the McMurdo Sound region. Antarctic science 18(4): 595-602, 2006.
Sewell, M.A., Lavery, S., Baker, C.S. (2006) ‘Whose larvae is that? Molecular identification of planktonic larvae of the Ross Sea’. New Zealand Aquatic Environment and Biodiversity Report No. 3. 57 pp.
Suberg, L. (2008) Diversity, abundance and distribution of coastal meroplankton along the Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica. MSc thesis, University of Auckland, 156 pp.
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2005-09-22
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-01-27