The National Solar Radiation Data Base (1961-1990) from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) via WWWEntry ID: NREL_NCDC_NSRDB_WWW
Abstract: The NSRDB is a serially complete collection of hourly values of the
three most common measurements of solar radiation (global horizontal,
direct normal, and diffuse horizontal) over a period of time adequate
to establish means and extremes, and at a sufficient number of
locations to represent regional solar radiation climates. The solar
radiation and meteorological elements contained in the data ... base are
listed in Table 1-1.
National and international meteorological practices (WMO 1967) call
for the use of a 30-year period of record to establish normals, means,
and extremes for meteorological variables. Because the National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) updates the normals,
means, and extremes for the United States each decade, the period from
January 1961 through December 1990 was used for the NSRDB.
Standard International (SI) units are used for all elements in the
data base except atmospheric pressure. Atmospheric pressure is
reported in millibars because these units are commonly used in
computer models to estimate solar radiation and are consistent with
standard NWS reporting practices. Appendix A contains factors to
convert all elements to other commonly used units.
All data are referenced to local standard time. The solar radiation
elements are the radiant energy integrated over the hour preceding the
designated time. Meteorological elements are the values observed at
the designated time.
When a station contains only modeled solar radiation data, it is
referred to as a Secondary station. Primary stations contain measured
solar radiation data for at least a portion of the 30-year record. The
NSRDB contains a total of 56 Primary and 183 Secondary stations. Their
locations are shown in Figure 1-1. Primary stations are listed in
Table 1-2 and Secondary stations are in Table 1-3. The Weather Bureau
Army Navy (WBAN) numbers used to identify the stations are given in
these tables. Appendix B provides more comprehensive information about
each of the stations incorporated into the data base.
Link to the NSRDB data set home page for full documentation and data
[Summary Extracted from Section 1.0 of the National Solar Radiation
Data Base User's Manual http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/pubs/NSRDB/]
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), NOAA National Climatic Data Center
Dataset Title: The National Solar Radiation Data Base (1961-1990) from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) via WWW
Dataset Publisher: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Renewable Resource Data Center (NREL/RReDC)Online Resource: http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/nsrdb/
Start Date: 1961-01-01Stop Date: 1990-12-31
Temporal Resolution: 1 day
ATMOSPHERE > AEROSOLS > AEROSOL EXTINCTION
ATMOSPHERE > AIR QUALITY > VISIBILITY > HORIZONTAL VISIBILITY
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > FOG
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > SURFACE PRESSURE
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > MAXIMUM/MINIMUM TEMPERATURE
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > DEW POINT TEMPERATURE
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > HUMIDITY > RELATIVE HUMIDITY
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > PRECIPITABLE WATER > TOTAL PRECIPITABLE WATER
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > WATER VAPOR
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS
ATMOSPHERE > CLOUDS > CLOUD PROPERTIES > CLOUD CEILING
ATMOSPHERE > CLOUDS > CLOUD PROPERTIES > CLOUD HEIGHT
ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > PRECIPITATION AMOUNT
ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > SNOW > SNOWFALL
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > OPTICAL DEPTH/THICKNESS
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > SOLAR RADIATION > GLOBAL HORIZONTAL RADIATION
CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW DEPTH
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW DEPTH
ISO Topic Category
Use Constraints Please cite the data set originator if you use this data.
Data Set Progress
Distribution Media: Online (HTTP)
Distribution Format: HTML
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Email: Scott.A.Ritz at nasa.gov
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Global Change Master Directory
Province or State: Maryland
Postal Code: 20771
ASME (1985), American National Standards Institute/American Society
ofMechanical Engineers Performance Test Codes PTC 19.1-1985,
Supplement on Instruments and Apparatus, Part 1, Measurement
Baker, D.G., Skaggs, R.H., and Ruschy, D.L. (1991). Snow Depth
Required to Mask the Underlying Surface, Journal of Applied
Meteorology, Vol. 30, pp. 387-392.
Baker, D.G., Ruschy, D.L., and Wall, D.B. (1990). The Albedo Decay of
Prairie Snows,Journal of Applied Meteorology, Vol. 29, pp. 179-187.
Barry, S.A. (1978), Errors in Practical Measurements in Science,
Engineering and Technology, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York.
Bird, R.E. and Hulstrom, R.L. (1981). A Simplified Clear Sky Model for
Direct and Diffuse Insolation on Horizontal Surfaces, SERI/TR-642-761,
Golden, CO: Solar Energy Research Institute.
Cachorro, V.E., de Frutos, A.M., and Casanova,
J.L. (1987). Determination of the Angstrom Turbidity Parameters,
Applied Optics, Vol. 26, No. 15, pp. 3069-3076.
Dutton, E.G., DeLuisi, J.J., and Austring, A.P. (1985). Interpretation
of Mauna Loa Atmospheric Transmission Relative to Aerosols, Using
Photometric Precipitable Water Amounts, J. Atmos. Chem. 3, pp. 53-68.
Flowers, E.C. and Helfert, N.F. (1966). Laboratory and Field
Investigations of Eppley Radiation Sensors, Monthly Weather Review,
Vol. 94, No. 4, pp. 259-264.
Flowers, E.C. and Starke, P.P. (1966). Results of a Field Trip to
Compare Pyranometers, unpublished report of the National Oceanic and
AtmosphericAdministration. Copies available from the Technical Inquiry
Service, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO 80401.
Frohlich, C. (1980). Monitoring of Atmospheric Turbidity with
Sunphotometers, WMO No. 549, World Meteorological Organization,
Garrison, J.D. and Adler, G.P. (1990). Estimation of Precipitable
Water over the United States for Application to the Division of Solar
Radiation into its Direct and Diffuse Components, Solar Energy,
Vol. 44, No. 4, pp. 225-241.
Hallaron, T.S. (1982). Development of an Automated System to Measure
Atmospheric Turbidity, M.S. Thesis, Trinity University, San Antonio,
Iqbal, Muhammad (1983). An Introduction to Solar Radiation. Academic
Press, New York, Chap. 7, 169-213.
Mendonca, B.G., Hanson, K.J., and DeLuisi, J.J. (1978). Volcanically
Related Secular Trends in Atmospheric Transmission at Mauna Loa,
Hawaii, Science, 202, pp. 513-515.
Morris, A.L. and Barras, R.C., editors (1977). Air Quality Meteorology
and Atmospheric Ozone, ASTM Special Technical Publication 653,
American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia,
Myers, D.R., Emery, K.A., and Stoffel, T.L. (1989). Uncertainty
Estimates for Global Solar Irradiance Measurements Used to Evaluate PV
Device Performance, Solar Cells, 27, pp. 455-464.
NCDC (1981). Typical Meteorological Year User's Manual, National
Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC 28801.
NREL (1993). User's Manual for Quality Assessment of Solar Radiation
Data, to be published in 1993 by the National Renewable Energy
Laboratory, Golden, CO 80401.
Randall, C.M., and Whitson, M.E. Jr. (1977). Hourly Insolation and
Meteorological Data Bases Including Improved Direct Insolation
Estimates, Aerospace Report No. ATR-78(7592)- 1, 1 December 1977, The
Aerospace Corporation, E1 Segundo, CA.
Randall, C.M. and Bird, R. (1989). Insolation Models and
Algorithms. In R.L. Hulstrom (Ed.),Solar Resources. The MIT Press,
Cambridge, MA. Chap. 3, pp. 61-144.
Schneider, H.R., Ko, M.K.W., Peterson, C.A., and Nash,
E. (1991). Interannual Variations of Ozone: Interpretation of 4 Years
of Satellite Observations of Total Ozone, Journal of Geophysical
Research, Vol. 96, No. D2, pp. 2889-2896.
SOLMET, Vol. 1 (1978), User's Manual - Hourly Solar Radiation -
Surface Meteorological Observations, TD-9724, Asheville, NC: National
Climatic Data Center.
SOLMET, Vol. 2 (1979), Final Report - Hourly Solar Radiation - Surface
Meteorological Observations, TD-9724, Asheville, NC: National Climatic
Valko, Peter (1980). Some Empirical Properties of Solar Radiation and
Related Parameters, DOE/ER-0084, EA Task IV, An Introduction to
Meteorological Measurements and Data Handling for Solar Energy
Applications, U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC.
Wells, C.V. (1992). Measurement Uncertainty Analysis Techniques
Applied to PV Performance Measurements, Proceedings Photovoltaic
Performance and Reliability Workshop, National Renewable Energy
Laboratory, Golden, CO 80401.
WMO (1967). A Note on Climatological Normals, WMO No. 208,
T.N. No. 84, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
Yevjevich, V. (1972). Stochastic Processes in Hydrology, Water
Resources Publications, Fort Collins, Colorado.
[References Extracted from Section 11.0 of the National Solar
Radiation Data Base User's Manual]
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2000-03-22
Last DIF Revision Date: 2006-11-20