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SWOE Thermal Analysis and Measurement Program During the Forest Ecosystem Dynamics - Multisensor Aircraft Campaign
Entry ID: FEDMAC_STAMP


Summary
Abstract: Forest Ecosystem Dynamics Multisensor Airborne Campaign (FED MAC): SWOE Thermal Analysis and Measurement Program (STAMP)

The Biospheric Sciences Branch (formerly Earth Resources Branch) within the Laboratory for Terrestrial Physics at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center and associated University investigators are involved in
a research program entitled Forest Ecosystem Dynamics (FED) which is fundamentally concerned with vegetation change of forest ecosystems at local to regional spatial scales (100 to 10,000 meters) and temporal scales ranging from monthly to decadal periods (10 to 100 years). The nature and extent of the impacts of these changes, as well as the feedbacks to global climate, may be addressed through modeling the interactions of the vegetation, soil, and energy components of the boreal ecosystem.

Measurements of the temperature distribution within a bigtooth aspen were obtained to support development of a 3-D thermal model of trees. Measurements were taken in and around the tree trunk. Measurements were also taken of temperatures from one living and one dead branch. The tree trunk measurements were made at
three locations on the trunk at about 1, 5, and 8 feet above the ground.

At the one and five foot level, measurements were taken of the center and at different depths within the trunk. The in-depth temperatures were taken along lines corresponding to the compass directions. Four temperatures were taken at about one inch 1/4 inch from the bark outer surface. The latter depth was chosen to correspond to the approximate location of the inner surface of the bark. At the eight foot level, a probe was placed to measure the trunk center temperature.

The living branch was instrumented with four temperature probes. Two measured the branch center temperatures and two were placed under the bark at a depth of about 1/8 inch from the surface. The dead branch was instrumented with two probes. One was placed to measure the branch center temperature and the second about 1/8 inch from the surface. A series of probes were also placed to measure surface and soil temperatures around the tree. One was placed by the tree trunk and about three inches below the surface. Another probe was placed just below the surface in a clump of vegetation about six feet north of the tree. On 12 September 1990, the probes measuring the east and west trunk temperatures at the one inch in-depth locations were removed from the tree and relocated to measure the surface temperatures outside and inside the shadow zone of the tree.

Model 101 thermisters were used with two Campbell Scientific CR-21 data loggers to measure the trunk center and 1" depth temperatures. Type K chromel-alumel thermocouples were used with a Campbell Scientific CR-21X data logger to measure the under bark temperatures
on the trunk and branch temperatures.

Geographic Coverage
 N: 45.0 S: 45.0  E: -68.0  W: -68.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: John R. Hummel
Dataset Title: SWOE Thermal Analysis and Measurement Program (STAMP)
Dataset Series Name: FED MAC Home Page
Dataset Release Place: NASA/GSFC
Dataset Publisher: NASA/GSFC
Data Presentation Form: ASCII Tables
Online Resource: http://forest.gsfc.nasa.gov/


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1990-09-07
Stop Date: 1990-09-24


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > MAINE


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE TEMPERATURE >AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >PLANT CHARACTERISTICS >TRUNK TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL TEMPERATURE    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
null
null
null


Instrument
Thermistors    [Information]
THERMOCOUPLES    [Information]


Project
FED MAC >Forest Ecosystem Dynamics Multisensor Airborne Campaign    [Information]


Keywords
ASPEN
FED MAC
STAMP > SWOE Thermal Analysis a
SWOE


Originating Center
NASA/GSFC/FED


Data Center
Forest Ecosystem Dynamics Project, Biospheric Sciences Branch, Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Laboratory, Earth Sciences Division, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://forest.gsfc.nasa.gov/

Data Center Personnel
Name: BRUCE COOK
Email: bruce.cook at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA
Goddard Space Flight Center
Mailstop 614.4
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: WWW
Distribution_Format: ASCII
Fees: Free


Personnel
JOHN R. HUMMEL
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 781-863-1060
Fax: 781-861-7934
Contact Address:
SPARTA, Inc.
24 Hartwell Ave.
City: Lexington
Province or State: MA
Postal Code: 02173
Country: USA


TYLER B. STEVENS
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Fax: 301-614-5268
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA


Publications/References
Walthall, C.L., M. Kim, D.L. Williams, B.W. Meeson, P.A. Agbu,
J.A. Newcomer, and E.L. Levine. 1993. Data sets for modeling: a
retrospective collection of bidirectional reflectance and forest
ecosystem dynamics multisensor aircraft campaign data sets. Remote
Sensing of Environment; 46:340-346.

Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-05-04



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