The biodiversity of the coastal underwater marine benthic ecosystem in the Ross Sea RegionEntry ID: K082_2001_2007_NZ
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Abstract: The long term research program ICECUBE (Coastal Underwater Benthic Ecosystems) provides fundamental information on the structural and functional biodiversity of Antarctic coastal benthic ecosystems. The Antarctic marine ecosystem is under threat as a result of global climate change and other anthropogenic influences. Characterising the structure and function of benthic ecosystems and determining ... their relationships to key environmental factors across a range of spatial and biological scales is essential to an improved understanding of Antarctic ecology and wise management of the Antarctic coastal zone. Several sites in the Ross Sea Region, including Cape Evans, New Harbour, Dunlop Island, Spike Cape, Granite Harbour and two sites in Terra Nova Bay, Gerlache Inlet and Tethys Bay were investigated. Dive surveys to characterise the physical habitat, quantify biodiversity (epifauna and flora) of the seafloor, collect sediment cores to determine grain size, stable isotope struture, benthic chlorophyll concentration, algal species composition and relative abundance, collect sea-ice algal cores and make measurements on water temperature, water column chlorophyll fluorescence and changes in photosynthetically available radiation are part of the data collection from these sites. This information will be used to develop models of biodiversity response over multiple spatial scales and levels of biological organisation, that will enable us to better-predict how this valuable ecosystem will respond to trace the movement of primary production through the benthic community.
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Start Date: 2003-11-02Stop Date: 2007-11-07
OCEANS > OCEAN OPTICS > FLUORESCENCE
OCEANS > OCEAN OPTICS > PHOTOSYNTHETICALLY ACTIVE RADIATION
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > PLANTS
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > PIGMENTS > CHLOROPHYLL
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > BENTHIC HABITAT
BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > COASTAL HABITAT
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY STRUCTURE
Quality ATTRIBUTE ACCURACY REPORT: Not provided
LOGICAL CONSISTENCY REPORT: Unknown
COMPLETENESS REPORT: Completeness information not available.
PROCESS DESCRIPTION: Not derived from another source.
PROCESS DATE: Unknown
Access Constraints ACCESS CONSTRAINTS: None
DISTRIBUTION LIABILITY: Every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of current NOAA quality control procedures. NOAA can only certify that the data provided to its customers is an authentic copy of the records which were accepted for inclusion in NOAA archives. NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
Use Constraints None
Data Set Progress
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Email: ncdc.metadata at noaa.gov
151 Patton Avenue Room 468
Province or State: North Carolina
Postal Code: 28801-5001
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2006-06-27
Last DIF Revision Date: 2011-07-21