Seal database of known-age animals
Entry ID: TAGS

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Summary
Abstract: This database is a compendium of histories of known age seals (Weddell and Southern elephant) from observations across the Southern Ocean but focussed on Macquarie Island, Marion Island, Heard Island, Mawson and the Vestfold Hills.

At Macquarie Island 1000 seals were weighed per annum between 1993-2003 at birth and individually marked with two plastic flipper tags in the inter-digital webbing of their hind flippers. These tagged seals were weighed again at weaning, when length, girth, fat depth, and flipper measurements were made. Three weeks after weaning 2000 seals were permanently and individually marked by hot-iron branding. Recaptures and re-weighings of these known aged individuals were used to calculate growth and age-specific survival of the seals.

Similar data were collected from elephant seals between 1950 and 1965 when seals were individually marked by hot-iron branding. Mark-recapture data from these cohorts were used to assess the demography of the declining population. Length and mass data were also collected for these cohorts and were used, for the first time, to assess the growth of individual seals without killing them.

At Marion Island all the elephant seals have been individually marked with two plastic flipper tags in their rear flippers. Recaptures of these seals were used to compare survival at Marion and Macquarie Islands.

At Heard Island, seals were branded between 1949-1953. Seal length was measured in feet and inches. Recaptures of seals were made up until 1955, and growth and age-specific survival was calculated. Survival data from Heard Island were compared with concurrent data from Macquarie Island.

The database is held by the Australian Antarctic Data Centre.

This work was completed as part of ASAC project 90.

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: Seal Tagging Database


Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: Public information for ASAC project 90


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Citation reference for this metadata record and dataset


Geographic Coverage
 N: -42.0 S: -68.0  E: -80.0  W: 35.0

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1950-01-01


Location Keywords
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN
OCEAN > SOUTHERN OCEAN
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN
CONTINENT > AUSTRALIA/NEW ZEALAND > AUSTRALIA > Heard Island
OCEAN > SOUTHERN OCEAN > MACQUARIE ISLAND
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES >MAMMALS    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
OCEANS


Project
OBIS >OCEAN BIOGEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM    [Information]
COML >CENSUS OF MARINE LIFE    [Information]


Quality
Observations are approximately 95% accurate. Errors in observation and entry possible where animals are misplaced.


Access Constraints
The database is held by the Australian Antarctic Data Centre. Contact the investigator for access.


Use Constraints
This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License
(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=TAGS when using these data.


Keywords
MACQUARIE ISLAND
MARION ISLAND
MAWSON
SOUTHERN ELEPHANT SEAL
VESTFOLD HILLS
WEDDELL SEAL


Data Set Progress
IN WORK


Data Center
Australian Antarctic Data Centre, Australia    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://data.aad.gov.au

Data Center Personnel
Name: DATA OFFICER AADC
Phone: +61 3 6232 3244
Fax: +61 3 6232 3351
Email: metadata at aad.gov.au
Contact Address:
Australian Antarctic Division
203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7050
Country: Australia



Distribution
Distribution_Media: HTTP
Fees: Free


Personnel
HARRY BURTON
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: harry.burton at aad.gov.au
Contact Address:
Australian Antarctic Division
203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7050
Country: Australia


CLIVE MCMAHON
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: c.r.mcmahon at swansea.ac.uk
Contact Address:
University of Wales Swansea
Singleton Park
City: Swansea
Province or State: Wales
Postal Code: SA2 8PP
Country: United Kingdom


JOHN VAN DEN HOFF
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +61 3 6232 3447
Fax: +61 3 6232 3351
Email: john_van at aad.gov.au
Contact Address:
Australian Antarctic Division
203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7050
Country: Australia



Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2000-05-08
Last DIF Revision Date: 2014-01-10

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