Joint Fire Science SageSTEP (Sagebrush Steppe Treatment Evaluation Project)Entry ID: USGS_BRD_SageSTEP
Abstract: To study the effects of land management options, two experiments will be conducted across a regional network of sites in sagebrush communities. Using this regional network of sites will allow us to understand the thresholds between healthy and unhealthy sagebrush communities over a broad range of conditions across the Great Basin. Management treatment effects on plants, potential for wildfire, ... soils and nutrients, water runoff/erosion, and birds and insects will be documented. Additionally, an economic analysis will be conducted to assist managers in selecting optimal management strategies, and citizens’ and managers’ views about the treatments will be explored. The first experiment is focused on cheatgrass invasion (Cheatgrass Network), and the second experiment is focused on woodland encroachment (Woodland Network).
Cheatgrass Network: For this experiment, sites will be located in sagebrush communities threatened by cheatgrass invasion, and we will study the effects of four land management options: control (no management action), prescribed fire, mechanical thinning of sagebrush by mowing, and herbicide application (to thin old, unproductive sagebrush plants and encourage growth of young sagebrush and native understory grasses). An additional herbicide application to control cheatgrass will be applied within portions of treated areas. The objective is to address the question of what amount of native perennial bunchgrasses needs to be present in the understory of a sagebrush community in order for managers to improve land health without having to conduct expensive restoration, such as reseeding of native grasses.
Woodland Network: For this experiment, sites will be located in sagebrush communities threatened by woodland encroachment, and we will study the effects of no management action (control), prescribed fire, and mechanical removal of trees (chainsaw cutting). The objective is to address the question of what amount of the native sagebrush/bunchgrass community there needs to be in order for managers to improve land health without having to conduct expensive restoration.
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: JIM MCIVER
Dataset Title: Joint Fire Science SageSTEP (Sagebrush Steppe Treatment Evaluation Project)Online Resource: http://www.sagestep.org/
Start Date: 2006-01-01Stop Date: 2011-12-31
AGRICULTURE > AGRICULTURAL PLANT SCIENCE > RECLAMATION/REVEGETATION/RESTORATION
AGRICULTURE > AGRICULTURAL PLANT SCIENCE > WEEDS, NOXIOUS PLANTS OR INVASIVE PLANTS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > PLANTS > ANGIOSPERMS (FLOWERING PLANTS) > MONOCOTS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > PLANTS > ANGIOSPERMS (FLOWERING PLANTS) > DICOTS
ISO Topic Category
Quality All years and sites are represented.
Access Constraints None
Use Constraints None
Data Set Progress
Distribution Format: XLS
Phone: (541) 562-5396
Email: james.mciver at oregonstate.edu
PO Box E
Province or State: OR
Postal Code: 97883
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Email: alicia.m.aleman at nasa.gov
Goddard Space Flight Center Code 610.2
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Beck, J.L., J.W. Connelly and Kerry P. Reese. 2008. Recovery of Greater Sag-Grouse Habitat Features in Wyoming Big Sagebrush following Prescribed Fire. Restoration Ecology. Full text available here.
Blank, R.R., Chambers, J., Roundy, B., and Whittaker, A. 2007. Nutrient availability in rangeland soils: Influence of prescribed burning, herbaceous vegetation removal, overseeding with Bromus tectorum, season, and elevation. Rangeland Ecology and Management 60(6): 644–655. Full text available here.
Chambers, J.C., N. Devoe, and A. Evenden, editors. 2008. Collaborative management and research in the Great Basin—examining the issues and developing a framework for action. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-204. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 66p. Full text available here.
Davies, K.W., R.L. Sheley and J.D. Bates. 2008. Does fall prescribed burning Artemisia tridentata steppe promote invasion or resistance to invasion after a recovery period? Journal of Arid Environments 72:1076-1085. Full text available here.
Gonzalez-Caban, A., R.W. Haynes, S. McCaffrey, E. Mercer, and A. Watson, technical editors. 2007. Fire social science research-selected highlights. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-736. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 65p. Full text available here.
Hood, S.M. and M. Miller, editors. 2007. Fire Ecology and Management of the Major Ecosystems of Southern Utah. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-202. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 110p. Full text available here.
Johnson, D.D. and R.F. Miller. 2008. Intermountain Presettlement Juniper: Distribution, Abundance, and Influence on Postsettlement Expansion. Rangeland Ecology and Manaement 61(1):82-92. Full text avaliable here.
Miller, R.F., R.J. Tausch, E.D. McArthur, D.D. Johnson, and S.C. Sanderson. 2008. Age structure and expansion of pinon-juniper woodlands: a regional perspective in the Intermountain West. Res. Pap. RMRS-RP-69. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 15 p. Full text available here.
Miller, R.F. and E.K. Heyerdahl. 2008. Fine-scale variation of historical fire regimes in sagebrush-steppe and juniper woodland: An example from California, USA. International Journal of Wildland Fire 17:245-154. Full text available here.
Pierson, F.B., J.D. Bates, T.J. Svejcar, and S.P. Hardegree. 2007. Runoff and erosion after cutting western juniper. Rangeland Ecology and Management 60:285-292. Full text available here.
Rau, B.M. J.C. Chambers, R.R. Blank and D.W. Johnson. 2008. Prescribed Fire, Soil, and Plants: Burn Effects and Interactions in the Central Great Basin. Rangeland Ecology and Management 61:169-181. Full text available here.
Reinkensmeyer, D.P., R.F. Miller, R.G. Anthony, V.E. Marr and C.M. Duncan. 2008. Winter and early spring bird communities in grasslands, shrubsteppe, and juniper woodlands in central Oregon. Western North American Naturalist 68(1): 25-35. Full text available here.
Roundy, B.A., Hardegree, S.P., Chambers, J.C., and Whittaker, A. 2007. Prediction of cheatgrass field germination potential using wet thermal accumulation. Rangeland Ecology and Management 60(6): 613–623. Full text available here.
Zlotin, R.I. and R.R. Parmenter. 2008. Patterns of mast production in pinyon and juniper woodlands along a precipitation gradient in central New Mexico (Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge). Journal of Arid Environments 72: 1562-1572. Full text available here.
Weisberg, P.J., D. Ko, C. Py, and J.M. Bauer. 2008. Modeling fire and landform influences on the distribution of old-growth pinyon-juniper. Landscape Ecology, published online July 31, 2008. Available here.
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2008-09-09
Last DIF Revision Date: 2008-09-18