Record Search Query: [Science_Parameters: Science_Category='EARTH SCIENCE', Science_Topic='HUMAN DIMENSIONS', Science_Term='SOCIAL BEHAVIOR']
IVE - The Interactive Visualization Environment
Entry ID: IVE
Abstract: From space, we can understand fires in ways that are impossible from the ground. The MODIS instrument onboard the Terra and Aqua satellite, was specifically designed to detect fires. As a result, it can see both smaller fires and a wide range of fires from cool grass fires to raging forest fires. Burning carbon particles both on the tiny soot particles in the flame and on the fuel itself emit a ... very specific wavelength of light, 3.8 to 4 microns. NASA research has contributed to much improved detection of fire for scientific purposes using satellite remote sensing and geographic information systems. This has helped advance our understanding of the impacts of fire in many areas of earth science, including atmospheric chemistry and the impacts on protected areas. This research has led to the development of a rapid response system widely used throughout the world for both natural resource management and for firefighting by providing near real-time information.
The visualization shows fires detected in Africa from July 2002 through July 2011. Africa has more abundant burning than any other continent. MODIS observations have shown that some 70 percent of the world's fires occur in Africa alone. "It's incredibly satisfying to see such a long record of fires visualized," said Chris Justice, a scientist from the University of Maryland who leads NASA's effort to use MODIS data to study the world's fires. "It's not only exciting visually, but what you see here is a very good representation of the data scientists use to understand the global distribution of fires and to determine where and how fires are responding to climate change and population growth."
More information on the Fire Information for Resource Management (FIRMS) is available at http://maps.geog.umd.edu/firms/
credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio
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Eds. Davis, R.W., W.E. Evans, and B. Wursig, eds. 1999, Cetaceans, Sea Turtles
and Seabirds in the Northern Gulf of Mexico: Distribution, Abundance and
Habitat Associations. Galveston, Texas. Prepared under U.S. Geological Survey,
Biological Resources Division by the GulfCet Program, Department of Marine
Biology Texas A&M University at Galveston. In cooperation with the U.S.
Department of ... Interior, Minerals Management Service. Prepared under U.S.
Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division Contract Number
1445-CT09-96-0004 and 1445-IA09-96-0009. This report was prepared under
contract between the U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division
(BRD), Texas A&M University, and the National Marine Fisheries Service. This
report has been technically reviewed by the BRD and the Minerals Management
Service (MMS), and has been approved for publication. Approval does not signify
that the contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the BRD or MMS,
nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute endorsement
or recommendation for use. It is, however, exempt from review and compliance
with the MMS editorial standards. Copies of the report may be obtained from the
Public Information Office at U.S. Department of the Interior, Minerals
Management Service, Gulf of Mexico OCS Region, Public Information Office (MS
5034), 1201 Elmwood Park Boulevard, New Orleans, LA 70123-2394, Telephone (504)
736-2519 or (800) 200-GULF.
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