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Biodiversity Pro : Free Statistics Software for Ecology
Entry ID: NHML_Biopro
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Summary
Abstract: BioDiversity Pro was designed and developed by Neil McAleece. This package was devised jointly by P.J.D. Lambshead and G.L.J. Paterson of the The Natural History Museum in London and J.D. Gage of the Scottish Association for Marine Science, Oban, Scotland.The program will calculate automatically, using only the selected samples and the current program options. When the calculation is finished, a graph and results spreadsheet will pop-up (according to the user options) showing the results of the calculation.

There are four types of calculation to be performed, as noted below:

1) Alpha : Defined by Whittaker as local diversity, used here for calculations based on single samples, also
known as univariate diversity measures.
a) Abundance Plot: K-Dominance > Rank
b) Abundance Model: Log-Series > Broken Stick c) Rarefaction d) Diversity
Indices: Shannon > Alpha > Caswell > Berger-Parker > Simpson > Hill > Margalef > McIntosh

2) Beta : SHE Analysis > Species Richness > Species Distribution

3) Multivariate: Simultaneous analysis of more than one independent variable. Used here for ordination and clustering techniques. These are powerful descriptive methods which can suggest correlations between biodiversity patterns and potential causes but cannot resolve cause and effect. In particular, the user is warned that is uncomfortably easy to fall into circular reasoning (groups defined by the method are justified as 'real' because the method has defined them). Where a signal in the data is strong then all the methods will tend to give similar results. Where the signal is weak, or a multiplicity of signals confuses the issue, different methods may give alternative results. It is therefore worth trying more than one technique or optimisation. Principal Components > Correspondence Analysis > Cluster Analysis > Non-Metric MDS

4) Comparisons: Simple comparisons of the data
including statistical tests. Descriptive Statistics > Kulczynski >
Mann-Whitney > Rank Correlation > Correlation > Variance-Covariance > ANOSIM.

(Source : BioDiversity Pro, 1997 NHM & SAMS)

Service Citation
Originators: Neil McAleece, P.J.D. Lambshead and G.L.J. Paterson
Title: Biodiversity Pro
Release_Date: 1997
Provider: The Natural History Museum, London
ISO Topic Category
FARMING
BIOTA
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
ECONOMY
ENVIRONMENT
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
IMAGERY/BASE MAPS/EARTH COVER
INLAND WATERS
OCEANS
PLANNING CADASTRE
TRANSPORTATION
Use Constraints
Copyright Information and Disclaimer: BioDiversity Professional, and all related work and documentation "the Software" , is the copyright work of The Natural History Museum and the Scottish Association for Marine Science "the Establishments" . Use of the software is governed by the following agreement. The Software is made available for use solely for end users according to the following agreement. Any reproduction or redistribution of the Software not in accordance with this agreement is expressly prohibited by law and can result in civil and criminal penalties. Reproduction or redistribution of the Software is permitted provided that all of the files, graphics and documentation ( including this copyright and permissions notice ) are included, unaltered. Permission to use documents and related graphics available with the Software and accompanying documentation is granted, provided that ( 1 ) the above copyright notice appears in all copies and that both the copyright notice and this permission notice appear, ( 2 ) use of the Software and accompanying documentation is for informational and non-commercial or personal use only, ( 3 ) no documents or related graphics available from the Software or accompanying documentation are modified in any way, and ( 4 ) no graphics available from the Software or accompanying documentation are used separate from accompanying text.

THE ESTABLISHMENTS AND/OR THEIR RESPECTIVE SUPPLIERS MAKE NO REPRESENTATIONS ABOUT THE SUITABILITY OF THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THE SOFTWARE, DOCUMENTS AND RELATED GRAPHICS FOR ANY PURPOSE. ALL SUCH DOCUMENTS AND RELATED GRAPHICS ARE PROVIDED "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. THE ESTABLISHMENTS AND/OR THEIR RESPECTIVE SUPPLIERS HEREBY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES AND CONDITIONS WITH REGARD TO THIS INFORMATION, INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES AND CONDITIONS OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, TITLE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE ESTABLISHMENTS AND/OR THEIR RESPECTIVE SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THE SOFTWARE, DOCUMENTS AND RELATED GRAPHICS. THE SOFTWARE, DOCUMENTS AND RELATED GRAPHICS COULD INCLUDE TECHNICAL INACCURACIES OR TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS. CHANGES ARE PERIODICALLY ADDED TO THE INFORMATION HEREIN. THE ESTABLISHMENTS AND/OR THEIR RESPECTIVE SUPPLIERS MAY MAKE IMPROVEMENTS AND/OR CHANGES IN THE PRODUCT( S ) AND/OR THE PROGRAM(S) DESCRIBED HEREIN AT ANY TIME. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved. Please write us if you have any questions or problems with this service. 1997 The Natural History Museum / Scottish Association for Marine Science. All rights reserved.

( Source : BioDiversity Pro, 1997 NHM & SAMS )
Service Provider
Scottish Association for Marine Science, University of Highlands and Islands, UK

Service Provider Personnel
Name: JOHN LAMBSHEAD
Phone: ++44 (0)20 7942 5032
Email: pjdl at nhm.ac.uk
Contact Address:
Cromwell Road
City: London
Postal Code: SW7 5BD
Country: UK


Service Provider Personnel
Name: GORDON PATERSON
Phone: ++44 (0)20 7942 5678
Email: gljp at nhm.ac.uk
Contact Address:
Cromwell Road
City: London
Postal Code: SW7 5BD
Country: UK
Distribution Media
Distribution_Media: ftp
Distribution_Format: .zip
Fees: Free Download Software
Personnel
PETER LAMONT
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 44 (0)1631 559 234
Fax: 44 (0)1631 559 001
Email: peter.lamont at sams.ac.uk

TYLER B. STEVENS
Role: SERF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Fax: 301-614-5268
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA
Publications/References
James FC & CE McCulloch (1990) Multivariate analysis in ecology and
systematics: panacea or pandora's box Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 21: 129-166.
Creation and Review Dates
SERF Creation Date: 2006-11-08
SERF Last Revision Date: 2011-10-03
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