Group on Earth Observations and Global Earth Observation System of Systems
Entry ID: GEO-International
Abstract: Launched at the first Earth Observation Summit in Washington in July 2003, the
intergovernmental ad hoc Group on Earth Observations (GEO) is tasked with
developing a ten-year implementation plan for a Global Earth Observation System
of Systems (GEOSS). This plan entails the coordination of a wide range of
space-based, air-based, land-based, and ocean-based environmental monitoring
platforms, ... resources and networks - presently often operating independently.
Membership in GEO currently includes 51 countries plus the European Commission,
and 29 participating international organizations.
List of issues to be addressed by GEOSS:
- Reducing loss of life and property from natural and human-made disasters
- Understanding environmental factors affecting human health and well-being
- Improving management of energy resources
- Understanding, assessing, predicting, mitigating and adapting to climate
variability and change
- Improving water resource management through better understanding of the water
- Improving weather information, forecasting and warning
- Improving the management and protection of terrestrial, coastal and marine
- Supporting sustainable agriculture and combating desertification
- Understanding, monitoring and conserving biodiversity
ISO Topic Category
Bricker, S.B., C.G. Clement, D.E. Pirhalla, S.P. Orlando and D.R.G. Farrow.
1999. National Estuarine Eutrophication Assessment: Effects of Nutrient
Enrichment in the Nation?s Estuaries. NOAA, National Ocean Service, Special
Projects Office and the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science. Silver
Spring, MD, 71 pp.
Cahoon, L.B., J.A. Mickucki and M.A. Mallin. ... 1999. Nutrient imports to the Cape
Fear and Neuse River basins to support animal production. Environmental Science
and Technology 33:410-415.
Dame, R., M. Alber, D. Allen, A. Chalmers, R. Gardner, C. Gilman, B. Kjerfve,
A. Lewitus, M. Mallin, C. Montague, J. Pinckney and N. Smith. 2000. Estuaries
of the south Atlantic coast of North America: Their geographical signatures.
Ensign, S.E. and M.A. Mallin. 2001. Stream water quality following timber
harvest in a Coastal Plain swamp forest. Water Research 35:3381-3390.
Mallin, M.A., L.B. Cahoon, D.C. Parsons and S.H. Ensign. 2001. Effect of
nitrogen and phosphorus loading on plankton in Coastal Plain blackwater
streams. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 16:455-466.
Mallin, M.A., J.M. Burkholder, L.B. Cahoon and M.H. Posey. 2000. The North and
South Carolina coasts. Marine Pollution Bulletin 41:56-75.
Mallin, M.A. 2000. Impacts of industrial-scale swine and poultry production on
rivers and estuaries. American Scientist 88:26-37.
Mallin, M.A., L.B. Cahoon, M.R. McIver, D.C. Parsons and G.C. Shank. 1999.
Alternation of factors limiting phytoplankton production in the Cape Fear
Estuary. Estuaries 22:985-996.
Mallin, M.A., M.H. Posey, G.C. Shank, M.R. McIver, S.H. Ensign and T.D. Alphin.
1999. Hurricane effects on water quality and benthos in the Cape Fear
Watershed: Natural and anthropogenic impacts. Ecological Applications
National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). 1996. NOAA?s Estuarine
Eutrophication Survey, Volume 1: South Atlantic Region. NOAA, Office of Ocean
Resources Conservation Assessment, Silver Spring, MD, 50 pp.
North Carolina Department of Natural Resources and Community Development
(NCDNRCD). 1983. Status of Water Resources, Cape Fear River Basin Study
1981-1983. Raleigh, N.C.
North Carolina Division of Water Quality (NCDWQ). 2000. Cape Fear River
Basinwide Water Quality Plan. NC Department of Environment and Natural
Resources, Water Quality Section, 1617 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, NC
Creation and Review Dates