Hydrological Simulation Program--Fortran
Entry ID: USGS_HSPF
Abstract: The Hydrological Simulation Program--Fortran (HSPF) simulates for extended
periods of time the hydrologic, and associated water quality, processes on
pervious and impervious land surfaces and in streams and well-mixed
HSPF uses continuous rainfall and other meteorologic records to compute
streamflow hydrographs and pollutographs. HSPF simulates interception soil
moisture, surface ... runoff, interflow, base flow, snowpack depth and water
content, snowmelt, evapotranspiration, ground-water recharge, dissolved oxygen,
biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), temperature, pesticides, conservatives, fecal
coliforms, sediment detachment and transport, sediment routing by particle
size, channel routing, reservoir routing, constituent routing, pH, ammonia,
nitrite-nitrate, organic nitrogen, orthophosphate, organic phosphorus,
phytoplankton, and zooplankton. Program can simulate one or many pervious or
impervious unit areas discharging to one or many river reaches or reservoirs.
Frequency-duration analysis can be done for any time series. Any time step
from 1 minute to 1 day that divides equally into 1 day can be used. Any period
from a few minutes to hundreds of years may be simulated. HSPF is generally
used to assess the effects of land-use change, reservoir operations, point or
nonpoint source treatment alternatives, flow diversions, etc. Programs,
available separately, support data preprocessing and postprocessing for
statistical and graphical analysis of data saved to the Watershed Data
Management (WDM) file.
[Summary provided by the USGS.]
ISO Topic Category
Dinicola, R.S., 1990, Characterization and simulation of rainfall- runoff
relations for headwater basins in western King and Snohomish Counties,
Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Water- Resources Investigations Report
89-4052, 52 p.
Donigian, A.S., Jr., Imhoff, J.C., Bicknell, Brian, Kittle, J.L., Jr., 1984,
Application guide for Hydrological Simulation Program--Fortran (HSPF): U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Research Laboratory, Athens,
Ga., EPA-600/3-84-065, 177 p.
Johanson, R.C., Imhoff, J.D., and Davis, H.H., Jr., 1980, Users manual for
hydrological simulation program - Fortran (HSPF): Environmental Research
Laboratory, EPA-600/9-80-015, Athens, Ga., April 1980.
Creation and Review Dates