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Record Search Query: ServiceParameters>MODELS>DIGITAL ELEVATION/DIGITAL TERRAIN MODELS

Spatial Bioclimatology: Daymet
Entry ID: Daymet
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Summary
Abstract: Daymet is a group of computer programs that produce surfaces of daily
temperature, precipitation, radiation, and humidity over large regions, taking
into account the effects of complex terrain. Observations can be included from
an arbitrarily large number of stations. The relationships of temperature and
precipitation to elevation are determined directly from the observations. In
addition to the daily observations from a network of stations, Daymet requires
digital elevation data for the region of interest.

The interpolation method is based on the spatial convolution of a truncated
Gaussian weighting filter with the set of station locations. Sensitivity to the
typical heterogeneous distribution of stations is accomplished with an
iterative station density estimation algorithm.

The extrapolation with elevation depends on the station observations and the
station elevations. These relationships vary in space and time, and Daymet
makes a new diagnosis of these relationships for each spatial modeling unit and
for each day of observed conditions.

Precipitation estimates are performed in two steps: first a binary estimate of
precipitation occurrence, and contingent on occurrence, an estimation of
precipitation amount, corrected for elevation effects.

Radiation and humidity are estimated using the same relationships as in the
MT-CLIM model, following the completion of temperature and precipitation
estimates.

(Summary adapted from
"http://www.ntsg.umt.edu/project/daymet".)

Related URL
Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: DAYMET U.S. Data Center - A source for Daily Surface Weather Data and Climatological Summaries.

Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: The ESIP Federation Homepage is available here.

Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: NTSG has executed a number of studies of forest and natural plant communities.
Projects have involved all scales of ecological study: from a single acre to
the entire globe. NTSG integrates biometeorology, remote sensing, geographic
-information -systems, and -computer -simulation with ecological analysis.
Spinoffs of projects have- included a new -forest -taxation system for Montana
based -upon forest growth potential, the evaluation of forest recovery after
-wildfire via satellite data, the development of -satellite based monitoring
for lake water quality, the improvement -of range -production through models
utilizing satellite data, and the building of microclimate maps which improve
snowmelt, runoff, and flooding projections.
Service Citation
Title: Spatial Bioclimatology: Daymet
Provider: Numerical Terradynamic Simulation Group , School of Forestry, U of MT
URL: http://www.ntsg.umt.edu/project/daymet
ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
ENVIRONMENT
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Service Provider
Numerical Terradynamic Simulation Group, School of Forestry, University of Montana

Service Provider Personnel
Name: STEVEN W. RUNNING
Phone: (406) 243-6311
Fax: (406) 243-4510
Email: swr at ntsg.umt.edu
Contact Address:
School of Forestry
University of Montana
City: Missoula
Province or State: MT
Postal Code: 59812-1063
Country: USA
Personnel
TYLER B. STEVENS
Role: SERF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Fax: 301-614-5268
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA

PETER E. THORNTON
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: (303) 497-1727
Email: peter at ntsg.umt.edu
Email: thornton at ucar.edu
Contact Address:
The National Center for Atmospheric Research
Climate and Global Dynamics Division
1850 Table Mesa Dr.
City: Bolder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80307
Country: USA
Publications/References
Bristow, K.L., and G.S. Campbell, 1984. On the relationship
between incoming solar radiation and daily maximum and minimum
temperature. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 31:159-166.

Running, S.W., R.R. Nemani, and R.D. Hungerford,
1987. Extrapolation of synoptic meteorological data in
mountainous terrain and its use for simulating forest
evaporation and photosynthesis. Canadian Journal of Forest
Research, 17:472-483.

Glassy, J.M., and S.W. Running, 1994. Validating diurnal
climatology of the MT-CLIM model across a climatic gradient in
Oregon. Ecological Applications, 4(2):248-257.

Kimball, J.S., S.W. Running, and R. Nemani, 1997. An improved
method for estimating surface humidity from daily minimum
temperature. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 85:87-98.

Thornton, P.E., S.W. Running, and M.A. White, 1997. Generating
surfaces of daily meteorological variables over large regions of
complex terrain. Journal of Hydrology, 190:214-251.

Thornton, P.E., and S.W. Running, 1999. An improved algorithm
for estimating incident daily solar radiation from measurements
of temperature, humidity, and precipitation. Agricultural and
Forest Meteorology, 93:211-228.
Creation and Review Dates
SERF Creation Date: 2003-01-27
SERF Last Revision Date: 2012-08-16
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