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Record Search Query: ServiceParameters>MODELS>DYNAMIC VEGETATION/ECOSYSTEM MODELS

MAPSS: Mapped Atmosphere-Plant-Soil System Model, Version 1.0
Entry ID: model_MAPSS
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Summary
Abstract: MAPSS (Mapped Atmosphere-Plant-Soil System) is a landscape to global vegetation distribution model that was developed to simulate the potential biosphere impacts and biosphere-atmosphere feedbacks from climatic change. Model output from MAPSS has been used extensively in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) regional and global assessments of climate change impacts on vegetation and in several other projects. MAPSS can be run with either a monthly or annual time step and a grid size of 0.5 degree with the example input files provided.

[Summary provided by the ORNL DAAC.]

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: Access MAPSS model data.
Service Citation
Originators: Neilson, R. P., J. M. Lenihan, D. Bachelet, and R. Drapek
Title: MAPSS: Mapped Atmosphere-Plant-Soil System Model, Version 1.0
Release_Date: 2007
Provider: ORNL DAAC
Edition: 1.0
URL: http://daac.ornl.gov/MODELS/guides/MAPSS_guide.html
ISO Topic Category
FARMING
BIOTA
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
INLAND WATERS
Quality
The MAPSS code has been stable for quite some time. However, for each unique climate data set used as input to the model, the set of parameter files were modified slightly to account for any specific input biases. Publications of these various results would report these minor re-calibrations. Similarly, the basic model produces about 45 unique physiognomic community types that are mapped out. Various projects and publications may have used other classification and aggregation schemes (e.g., 22 classes for VEMAP) to simplify the presentation and discussion, but the basic model code was the same.
Service Provider
THE OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY (ORNL) DISTRIBUTED ACTIVE ARCHIVE CENTER (DAAC)

Service Provider Personnel
Name: ORNL DAAC USER SERVICES OFFICE
Phone: (865) 574-7447
Email: uso at daac.ornl.gov
Contact Address:
ORNL DAAC User Services Office
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
City: Oak Ridge
Province or State: TN
Postal Code: 37831-6407
Country: USA
Personnel
ORNL DAAC USER SERVICES OFFICE
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: (865) 574-7447
Email: uso at daac.ornl.gov
Contact Address:
ORNL DAAC User Services Office
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
City: Oak Ridge
Province or State: TN
Postal Code: 37831-6407
Country: USA

TYLER B. STEVENS
Role: SERF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Fax: 301-614-5268
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA
Publications/References
Botkin, D.B., J.F. Janak, and J.R. Wallis (1972) Rationale, limitation, and assumptions of a northeastern forest growth simulator. IBM Journal of Research and Development 16(2):101-116.

Brutsaert, W. (1982) Evaporation into the Atmosphere, D. Reidel, Dordrecht. Daly, C. (1994) Modeling climate, vegetation, and water balance at landscape to regional scales. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of General Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR.

Denmead, O.T. and R.H. Shaw (1962) Availability of soil water to plants as affected by soil moisture content and meteorological conditions. Agronomy Journal 54:385-390.

Eamus, D. (1991) The interaction of rising CO2 and temperatures with water use efficiency. Plant, Cell and Environment 14:843-852.

Marks, D. (1990) The sensitivity of potential evapotranspiration to climate change over the continental United States. In: Gucinski, H., Marks, D., & Turner, D.A. (eds.) Biospheric feedbacks to climate change: The sensitivity of regional trace gas emissions, evapotranspiration, and energy balance to vegetation redistribution, pp. IV-1 - IV-31. EPA/600/3-90/078. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR.

Marks, D. & Dozier, J. (1992) Climate and energy exchange at the snow surface in the alpine region of the Sierra Nevada: 2. Snow cover energy balance. Water Resources Research 28: 3043-3054.

Neilson, R.P. (1993a) Vegetation redistribution: A possible biosphere source of CO2 during climatic change. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 70:659-673.

Neilson, R.P. (1995) A model for predicting continental scale vegetation distribution and water balance. Ecol. Appl. 5: 362-385.

Neilson, R.P. and D. Marks (1994) A global perspective of regional vegetation and hydrologic sensitivities from climatic change. Journal of Vegetation Science 5:715-730.

Neilson, R.P., G.A. King, R.L. DeVelice, J. Lenihan, D. Marks, J. Dolph, W.Campbell, and G. Glick (1989) Sensitivity of ecological landscapes to global climatic change. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA-600-3-89-073, NTIS-PB-90-120-072-AS, Washington, D.C., USA.

Neilson, R.P. and L.H. Wullstein (1983) Biogeography of two southwest American oaks in relation to atmospheric dynamics. Journal of Biogeography 10:275-297.

Saxton, K.E., W.J. Rawls, J.S. Romberger, and R.I. Papendick (1986) Estimating generalized soil-water characteristics from texture. Soil Science Society of America 50:1031-1036.

Shugart, H.H. (1984) A theory of forest dynamics. Springer-Verlag, New York, New York, USA.

Stephenson, N.L. (1990) Climatic control of vegetation distribution: The role of the water balance. The American Naturalist 135:649-670.

Wigmosta, M.S., L.W. Vail, and D.A. Lettenmaier (1994) A distributed hydrology-vegetation model for complex terrain. Water Resources Research 30:1665-1679.

Woodward, F.I. (1987) Climate and plant distribution. Cambridge University Press, London, England.
Creation and Review Dates
SERF Creation Date: 2009-10-05
SERF Last Revision Date: 2009-10-05
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