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Amphibian Species of the World 5.5, an Online Reference
Entry ID: Amphibia-search
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Abstract: The Amphibian Species of the World database has two searching tools, a BROWSE table (on the right) and a SEARCH table (on the left top). In addition, 1) when you reach a taxon record, if you click on the underlined citation you will be provided a complete bibliographic citation. 2) If you click on any date, author, or publication name in any other context, it will provide you will all other records that contain this same information.

BROWSE Table (on the right): Click through any name for the taxon record. At the bottom of each record will be listed subsidiary taxa that can also be clicked. All underlined author, date, and citation lines will take you to all other records with the same entry(s).

SEARCH table (on the left): The search table has 10 fields which can be used singly or in concert to search for relevant taxonomic records. For instance, should one want to search on Strabomantis of Brazil, Strabomantis should be typed into the Genus box and Brazil selected in the Country/U.S. state sliding table. The database will produce a listing of all species of Strabomantis known (or strongly suspected) to be in Brazil.

Taxon: Taxonomic names (e.g., Bufonidae or Incilius nebulifer) or parts of taxonomic names (e.g., idae or nebulifer [minimum of four letters]) can be entered in this box and searched on. The database will return all records in which the active taxonomic name or synonym meets this criterion. By typing in the name of the overarching taxon (e.g., Anura, Salamandridae, or Strabomantis) the search on other categories (e.g., year of publication) will be constrained to that taxonomic group.

Author/Authority in synonymy: By entering the surname of an author all new scientific names or combinations associated with that author will be retrieved.

Year of publication in synonymy: By entering a year of publication all new names and new combinations published in that year will be retrieved.

Country/U.S. state: The sliding table allows the user to pick a specific country (e.g., Angola) or U.S. state (e.g., United States of America?Wyoming) and search on that term. All relevant records will be returned. The taxa listed in the reports do not necessarily conform to a list of countries from which carefully identified vouchers have been deposited in museums. The taxa listed conform, instead, to my (DRF) educated guess on what taxa are expected to occur within that national boundary.

Keywords in distribution: This category allows the user to type in a word or words to be found in the Distribution line in the record. Multiple words will find all records for which any of the words appear, so in this case less is more.

Keywords in comment: This category allows the user to type in a word or words (e.g., Duellman or AMNH) that appear in the comment line. Words other than scientific names will also be searched in the synonymy lines (e.g., lectotype).

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Description: Provides a list of "Useful links" used while creating this tool
Service Citation
Originators: Frost, Darrel R.
Title: Amphibians Species of the World: an Online Reference
Release_Date: 31 January 2011
Provider: American Museum of Natural History
Edition: 5.5
ISO Topic Category
Information Warranty Disclaimer: Although every attempt has been made to render a fair an accurate summary of the state of amphibian systematics, all documents provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. Frost and the AMNH hereby disclaim all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. Frost or AMNH makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall Frost or AMNH be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. Frost or AMNH may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, Frost or AMNH makes no commitment to update the information contained herein.
Use Constraints
Copyright Notice: Copyright 1998-2011 Darrel R. Frost and American Museum of Natural History. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation: Frost, Darrel R. 2011. Amphibian Species of the World: an online reference. Version 5.5 (31 January, 2011). Electronic Database accessible at
American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA.

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:

-The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;
-Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;
-Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;
-Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by Darrel Frost and the AMNH. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of AMNH. No trademark owned by AMNH may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from -General Counsel of the AMNH. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any AMNH copyright.
Service Provider
Department of Herpetology, American Museum of Natural History

Service Provider Personnel
Phone: +1 212 769 5850
Fax: +1 212 769 5031
Email: frost at
Contact Address:
Department of Herpetology
American Museum of Natural History
Central Park West at 79th Street
City: New York
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10024-5192
Country: USA
Creation and Review Dates
SERF Creation Date: 2011-06-27
SERF Last Revision Date: 2011-07-19
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