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Record Search Query: ServiceParameters>WEB SERVICES>INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SERVICES>GAZETTEER SERVICE

SCAR Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica (CGA)
Entry ID: SCAR_Gazetteer
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Summary
Abstract: The SCAR Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica (CGA) has been compiled over a period of 19 years (commenced 1992) and consists of 36,620 names that correspond to 18,623 features. The place names information has been submitted by the national names committees from 22 countries and compiled by Roberto Cervellati and Chiara Ramorino from the Italian Antarctic names committee - Comitato per i nomi geografici antartici.

The SCAR CGA is now a relational database - related to the SCAR Map catalogue, SCAR Feature Catalogue and the SCAR Flora and Fauna databases (all developed by the Australian Antarctic Data Centre.) This allows the search for Antarctic names, maps and flora and fauna information to be addressed via the gazetteer or map catalogue with results showing links to national names committees, map publishers, map retailers and small scale maps showing the distribution of flora and fauna.


Purpose: The Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) initiates, promotes and co-ordinates a wide range of scientific research programmes in Antarctica, many of which involve significant international collaboration. The SCAR Standing Committee on Antarctic Geographic Information (SC-AGI) co-ordinates the provision of a geographic reference for scientific activities in Antarctica and the dissemination of Antarctic geographic information. The SCAR Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica is an activity conducted in this framework.

In 1992 the SCAR Working Group on Geodesy and Geographic Information (WG-GGI), during the XXII SCAR meeting in Bariloche, recognized the need for a composite gazetteer of Antarctica to bring some order to the complex toponymy of Antarctica. The goal of the work programme which evolved from that discussion was to provide the scientific community with two products:

* a compilation of all existing geographic names of Antarctica and
* a set of guidelines to be followed when proposing new names and when selecting one name from a list of synonyms for a given feature.

Because Antarctica does not fall under the sovereignty of any one nation this particular continent is similar, in many respects, to the oceans. In general every country has a recognized body which approves the names of geographic features in the country and also has the power to enforce their use. For Antarctica, however, there is no such single naming authority. Individual countries are responsible for their national policy on, and authorisation and use of, Antarctic names.

The case of the oceans is however somewhat different because, by an agreement between two international institutions - the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - it has been possible to establish a unique set of names for under-sea features depicted on the General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (GEBCO).

The SCAR, through its recommendations, expresses the hope that the present effort will contribute to the adoption in Antarctica of the general principle of 'one name per feature' by all Antarctic place naming authorities. The last of the recommendations concerning Antarctic Place Names (which is still valid) is the SCAR Rec. XXVII-1, the previous ones being Rec.XXIV-5, Rec.XXV-7, Rec.XXVI-2.

Related URL
Link: GET SERVICE
ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
BOUNDARIES
ELEVATION
ENVIRONMENT
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
IMAGERY/BASE MAPS/EARTH COVER
INLAND WATERS
OCEANS
PLANNING CADASTRE
STRUCTURE
TRANSPORTATION
UTILITIES/COMMUNICATIONS
Quality
Data validation
The ideal procedure for compiling the CGA is as follows:

1. to collate the official publications issued by the different countries;
2. to manipulate the data in order to transform data into a homogeneous set; and
3. to have the new dataset validated by the representative of countries.

Unfortunately conditions a) and c) have not always been fulfilled. Nevertheless, for the sake of completeness, those data which had not come from an official publication and those which have not received final validation have been included in the CGA. The different sources and status of validation are shown in Annex E.
Service Provider
Australian Antarctic Data Centre, Australia

Service Provider Personnel
Name: ROBERTO CERVELLATI
Phone: +39 06 3048 4816
Fax: +39 06 3048 4893
Email: roberto.cervellati at casaccia.enea.it
Contact Address:
Progetto Antartide
ENEA CR - Casaccia
Post Office Box 2400
City: Rome AD
Postal Code: 00100
Country: Italy


Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, International Council for Science

Service Provider Personnel
Name: SECRETARIAT SCAR
Phone: +44 1223 362061
Fax: +44 1223 336549
Email: execsec at scar.demon.co.uk
Contact Address:
Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research
Scott Polar Research Institute
Lensfield Road
Cambridge
CB2 1ER
Country: UNITED KINGDOM
Personnel
ROBERTO CERVELLATI
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +39 06 3048 4816
Fax: +39 06 3048 4893
Email: roberto.cervellati at casaccia.enea.it
Contact Address:
Progetto Antartide
ENEA CR - Casaccia
Post Office Box 2400
City: Rome AD
Postal Code: 00100
Country: Italy

CHIARA RAMORINO
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +39 06 3048 3130
Fax: +39 06 3048 4893
Email: antar at casaccia.enea.it
Contact Address:
Progetto Antartide
ENEA CR - Casaccia
Post Office Box 2400
City: ROME AD
Postal Code: 00100
Country: ITALY

STEPHANIE K GREBAS
Role: SERF AUTHOR
Email: gsfc-gcmduso at mail.nasa.gov
Creation and Review Dates
SERF Creation Date: 2011-01-27
SERF Last Revision Date: 2014-07-07
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