Productivity of a dry steppe was determined at the Shortandy study site from 1977 to 1980. Measurement of monthly dynamics of above and below-ground live biomass and dead matter were made for each growing season (April-September). Cumulative above-ground net primary production was estimated. These data are part of a series of grassland data sets recently assembled and checked by Dr. Tagir ... Gilmanov, which cover a wide range of climate and "continentality" (increasing maximum summer temperatures, decreasing precipitation) from the North-West to the South-East of the Commonwealth of Independent States (former USSR). Climate data for this site are also available: see Any Other Relevant Information in section 11 of this document. More information on the entire Net Primary Production Project can be found on the NPP homepage.