Our hypothesis is that ‘spatial and temporal variations in diversity and ecosystem function of the sea ice microbial community are sensitive indicators of changing climatic conditions’. The research will develop baseline long-term data on microbial biodiversity and community structure in the “grass” of ice-covered regions – the primary and secondary producers at the base of the food web. We will ... do this using both conventional methods and molecular technology, and will quantify abundances and species identifications using a range of traditional and modern techniques including DNA fingerprints, high throughput sequencing and single cell genome amplification. We will develop an understanding of the functional role of various components of the sea ice microbial community using ecophysiological methods we have developed over nearly 20 years of Antarctic research coupled with new technologies brought together with our international collaborators on this project.
Microorganisms are the most diverse and by far the most abundant biological entities in marine environments and they are often sensitive indicators of environmental change because of their rapid lifecycles. Given the projected changes to the volume and extent of annual sea ice, SIMCO or ‘sea ice microbial communities’ provide an ideal model system to measure the effects of environmental change in Polar Regions. This research will generate a bio-inventory of the microorganisms in sea ice using both conventional methods and molecular technology, and will quantify abundances to generate community fingerprints for each field site.
In 2010-2011 our research was conducted at Cape Evans. The following data was collected. - CTD (conductivity/temperature/depth) casts of temperature, conductivity, salinity, depth, live chlorophyll were made each day at solar noon through the sea ice to bottom (25m). - PAR recorded at 5m above sea ice, using Skye light sensors. (units of microeinsteins /m2/s for PAR and microW per cm2 for UVB. Data were recorded daily at solar noon. - HOBO data loggers embedded in sea ice at approx 300mm intervals through the depth of the ice (2m). Recording continuously at 10 min intervals.
In 2011-2012 our research was conducted at Turtle Rock and Cape Evans. The following data was collected. - Turtle rock: CTD casts of temperature, conductivity, salinity, depth, live chlorophyll were made each day at solar noon through the sea ice to bottom (25m). - Air temperature, solar visible and UVB irradiances were recorded each day at solar noon (approx 1330) - Cape Evans: CTD casts of temperature, conductivity, salinity, depth, live chlorophyll were madeon selected days at approximately solar noon through the sea ice to bottom (30m)
Data Access Policy As a member of the Long Term Ecological Research Network, the Georgia Coastal Ecosystems LTER Program is committed to providing access to data collected under the auspices of our project in a timely fashion. Study results will be published in the scientific literature, and documented data sets and other information will be provided on the World ... Wide Web for legitimate scientific and educational purposes.
Access to GCE resources varies by resource type and user affiliation, and requires acceptance of the GCE LTER Data Use Agreement. Descriptions of the basic data access categories used to classify each resource are as follows:
Category Description Maximum waiting period Type 1 Public resources, including most GCE metadata, data from published studies, literature citations, and conference presentations. May also include special reports or unpublished treatments of public data sources. none Type 2 Project resources, including data from GCE core monitoring activities, presentations made at project meetings, and metadata containing proprietary information. 1 year from the end of observations or data analysis Type 3 Proprietary resources, including data from individual directed studies or student projects supported by GCE funds, and resources contributed by GCE-affiliated research programs. 2 years from the end of observations or data analysis Type 4 Sensitive resources, including data sets subject to proprietary or copyright restrictions, containing classified information, or containing information that may compromise the protection of endangered species or habitats. (Note: submission of type 4 data requires written justification and prior approval by the GCE Project Administrator). Specified by Contributor
All publications based on this data set must cite the contributor and Georgia Coastal Ecosystems LTER project, and two copies of the manuscript must be submitted to the GCE-LTER Information Management Office.