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An investigation of a bacterial infection of Antarctic sponge species at Cape Armitage
Entry ID: K054_1988_1989_NZ_2


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Summary
Abstract: A bacterial infection was found associated with two species of Antarctic sponges while conducting a survey of the benthic community at Cape Armitage. This infection was not observed in the first year of the survey and appeared to be spreading in the second season of the survey because infected sponges were found at all dive locations. An exercise was designed to examine the virulence of the bacterium and to test whether the species concerned could manufacture defensive chemicals against the infection. Infected sponges were sampled and their tissue frozen for analysis. An experiment was designed where small discs of bacterially infected sponge were placed on unaffected sponges. These individuals were then sampled one week later to determine if transfer of the infection occurred.

Parent DIF
This data set description is a member of a collection. The collection is described in
K054_1987_1989_NZ_1


Geographic Coverage
 N: -77.85 S: -77.85  E: 166.6667  W: 166.6667
 Min Depth: 0  Max Depth: 25

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1988-10-14
Stop Date: 1988-11-24


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > ROSS ISLAND
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE ARMITAGE
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES >SPONGES    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >BENTHIC HABITAT    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >REEF HABITAT    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >MARINE HABITAT    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS >EVOLUTIONARY ADAPTATION    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >COMMUNITY DYNAMICS >BIODIVERSITY FUNCTIONS    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA


Platform
FIELD INVESTIGATION    [Information]


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/

Data Center Personnel
Name: SHULAMIT GORDON
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Personnel
CHRIS BATTERSHILL
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +61 (07) 4753 4431
Fax: +61 (07) 4772 5852
Email: c.battershill at aims.gov.au
Contact Address:
Australian Institute of Marine Science
PMB 3, Townsville MC
City: Townsville
Province or State: Queensland
Postal Code: 4819
Country: Australia


CEISHA POIROT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: c.poirot at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


SHULAMIT GORDON
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Publications/References
Battershill, C. 1992 Icy sponges. New Zealand science monthly 3(10): 8-9

Battershill, C. 1995 Under the Antarctic sea ice: the sponge gardens. Water and atmosphere 3(1): 24-25

Battershill, C.N. Blunt, J.W. Munro, M.H.G. Barns, G. Dale, F.M. 1989 Antiviral/antitumour activity in Antarctic marine invertebrate extracts - immediate results. New Zealand Antarctic record 9(2): 53-63

Battershill, C.N. 1989 Distribution and abundance of benthic marine species at Cape Armitage, Antarctica - initial results. New Zealand Antarctic record 9(2): 35-52

Battershill, C.N. 1990 The chemical ecology of Antarctic benthic marine invertebrates - initial observations. New Zealand Antarctic record 10(1): 9-22

Battershill, C.N. 1990 Temporal changes in Antarctic marine benthic community structure. New Zealand Antarctic record 10(1): 23-27

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2009-05-21
Last DIF Revision Date: 2009-06-06


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