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Monitoring Magnetosphere - Ionosphere Coupling, Arrival heights, Scott Base, Antarctica
Entry ID: K069_1989_2012_NZ_1


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Summary
Abstract: A magnetometer and data recording system was installed and began recording hydromagnetic and ion cyclotron waves (geomagnetic pulsations) propagating into the high latitude cusp and polar cap regions of the earth's magnetic field in January 1989 at Arrival Heights, Ross Island, Antarctica. The data represent two horizontal components of the Earth magnetic field variations dB/dt. The magnetometer continuously records data throughout the year and operates in conjunction with the Australian network of similar magnetometers at Casey, Davis, Mawson and Macquarie Island stations. The magnetometer consists of two induction coil sensors aligned along magnetic North-South and East-West and buried some distance from the Arrival Heights Laboratory of Scott Base. The magnetometer was calibrated and maintained annually with necessary upgrades and modification. In January 2007, the magnetometer sensors and recording equipment was relocated to a new hut. Besides visible light, the sun radiates a super-sonic stream of charged particles (solar wind made up of protons and electrons). The solar winds, embedded in an interplanetary magnetic field, interact with the earth’s magnetic field, shaping it into a cavity called the magnetosphere. The magnetosphere is shaped in such a way that the large interface area between the solar wind and the earth’s environment is focussed along the field lines onto a relatively small region of the high latitude atmosphere, over the polar zones. Waves (energetic particles and magnetic field disturbances) are generated through these interactions and are propagated through the ionosphere to the ground along magnetic field lines where they are recorded as pulsations of the geomagnetic field measured on the ground by magnetometers. Analysis of the frequency and nature of these measured ultra low frequency space plasma waves can indicated the source region. Besides being a fundamental study of plasma physics research, these effects also are frequently referred to as Space Weather events and may adversely affect operation of both satellite-based and ground communication, surveillance and navigation systems.

The magnetometer sensor coils are buried into the ground at the magnetically quiet area at Arrival Heights, while the all-sky camera is installed under the dome on the AH hut roof. Both instruments are automatic and do not require human control, but for normal operation they must be tested and calibrated annually by the qualified personnel from the University of Newcastle.

In future we plan to:
1. Continue data collection from both instruments.
2. Investigate several types of magnetospheric wave-like processes, which correspond to a variety of energetic processes at SW/magnetosphere boundary.
3. Study in detail effects of particle precipitation on the optical emissions in the lower atmosphere using all-sky camera.
4. Study the correlation between the morphology and dynamics of the observed aurora and SW/IMF conditions.
5. Improve modelling of the observed processes in the SW, magnetosphere and lower atmosphere.

Related URL
Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: Space Physics Group, The University of Newcastle, Australia


Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE


Geographic Coverage
 N: -77.9175 S: -77.9175  E: 166.7625  W: 166.7625

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1990-01-01


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > ARRIVAL HEIGHTS
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
SOLID EARTH >GEOMAGNETISM >MAGNETIC FIELD >GEOMAGNETIC INDUCTION    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMAGNETISM >MAGNETIC FIELD    [Definition]
SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS >IONOSPHERE/MAGNETOSPHERE DYNAMICS >MAGNETIC FIELDS/MAGNETIC CURRENTS    [Definition]
SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS >IONOSPHERE/MAGNETOSPHERE DYNAMICS >PLASMA WAVES    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION


Instrument
MAGNETOMETERS    [Information]


Quality
The data is archived and held by the investigator. Collaboration and wide use of the data is encouraged. Please contact the investigator for more information.


Data Set Progress
IN WORK


Data Center
Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/

Data Center Personnel
Name: SHULAMIT GORDON
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Personnel
BRIAN FRASER
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +61 2 4921 5445
Fax: +61 2 4921 6907
Email: brian.fraser at newcastle.edu.au
Contact Address:
Physics Building
The University of Newcastle
University Drive
City: Callaghan
Province or State: New South Wales
Postal Code: 2308
Country: AUSTRALIA


CEISHA POIROT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: c.poirot at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


SHULAMIT GORDON
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Publications/References
Ables, S.T. Fraser, B.J. Hansen, H.J. Menk, F.W. Morris, R.J. Polarisation characteristics of long period geomagnetic pulsations recorded at Antarctic stations. ANARE research notes 95: 112-115, 1996.

Ables, S.T. Fraser, B.J. Waters, C.L. Neudegg, D.A. Morris, R.J. Monitoring cusp/cleft topology using Pc5 ULF waves. Geophysical research letters 25(9): 1507-1510, 1998.

Ables, S.T. Fraser, B.J. Olson, J.V. Morris, R.J. Conjugate ULF field line resonances at cusp latitudes. Advances in space research 26(1): 125-130, 2000.

Ables, S.T. Fraser, B.J. Menk, F.W. Neudegg, R.J. Ruiyuan, L. Outer magnetosphere topology and Pc5 ULF waves at high latitudes. ANARE reports 146: 355-368, 2001.

Ables, S.T. Fraser, B.J. Observing the open-closed boundary using cusp-latitude magnetometers. Geophysical research letters 32(L10104): doi:10.1029/2005GL022824, 2005.

Dunlop, I.S. Menk, F.W. Hansen, H.J. Fraser, B.J. Morris, R.J. Multistation study of long period geomagnetic pulsations in the polar cleft and cusp. ANARE research notes 88: 29-41, 1992.

Dunlop, I.S. Menk, F.W. Hansen, H.J. Fraser, B.J. Morris, R.J. Multistation study of long period geomagnetic pulsations at cusp and boundary layer latitudes. Journal of atmospheric and terrestrial physics 56(5): 667-679, 1994.

Francke, M.H. Hansen, H.J. Menk, F.W. Fraser, B.J. Morris, R.J. Propagation of Pc1-2 magnetic bursts across the polar cap region. ANARE research notes 88(Nov.): 82-88, 1992.

Fraser, B.J. McNabb, P.W. Menk, F.W. Waters, C.L. A personal computer induction magnetometer system for recording geomagnetic pulsations. ANARE research notes 80: 83-92, 1991.

Fraser, B.J. U.S. National Science Foundation’s Geospace Environmental Modelling (GEM) Program, 1990-1995. ANARE research notes 88(Nov.): 9-12, 1992.

Fraser, B.J. Russell, C.T. Means, J.D. Menk, F.W. Waters, C.L. FedSat, an Australian research microsatellite. Advances in space research 25: 1325, 2000.

Fraser, B.J. Russell, C.T. Means, J.D. Menk, F.W. Waters, C.L. The FedSat NEWMAG magnetic field experiment. ANARE reports 146: 405-420, 2001.

Fraser, B.J., Singer, H.J., Hughes, W.J., Anderson, R.R. and Wygant, J.R. 1994. Electromagnetic ion cyclotron harmonic waves near the plasmapause. Adv. Space. Res 2: 563-580.

Fraser, B.J., Samson, J.C., McPherron, R.L. and Russell, C.T. 1992. Electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves observed near the oxygen cyclotron frequency by ISEE-1 and 2. Journal of Geophysics Research 97: 3063-3074.

Fraser, B.J. and Sentman, D.D. 1991. Ion cyclotron and ELF waves at middle and low latitudes. ANARE Research Notes 80: 333-358.

Fraser, B.J. Recent developments in magnetospheric diagnostics using ULF waves. Space science reviews 107(1-2): 149-156, 2003.

Hansen, H.J. Menk, F.W. Fraser, B.J. Hu, Y.-D. Morris, R.J. Newell, P.T. Meng, C.-I. High latitude unstructured Pc1 emissions generated in the vicinity of the dayside auroral oval. Planetary and space science 39(5): 709-719, 1991.

Hansen, H.J. Fraser, B.J. Menk, F.W. Hu, Y. Newell, P.T. Meng, I.-C. Morris, R.J. The origin of high latitude Pc1 bursts recorded by ground based induction magnetometers located near the polar cusp. ANARE research notes 80: 3-14, 1991.

Hansen, H.J. Fraser, B.J. Menk, F.W. Hu, Y.D. Newell, P.T. Meng, C.-I. Morris, R.J. High-latitude Pc1 bursts arising in the dayside boundary layer region. Journal of geophysical research 97(A4): 3993-4008, 1992.

Hansen, H.J. Fraser, B.J. Menk, F.W. Morris, R.J. ULF magnetic pulsation studies in Antarctica. ANARE research notes 88(Nov.): 3-8, 1992.

Hansen, H.J. Fraser, B.J. Menk, F.W. Erlandson, R.E. Ground-satellite observations of high latitude Pc1-2 pulsations. ANARE research notes 88(Nov.): 74-81, 1992.

Hansen, H.J. Fraser, B.J. Menk, F.W. Newell, P.T. Meng, C.I. Morris, R.J. Sources of solar wind associated Pc3-5 magnetic pulsations in the magnetosphere. ANARE research notes 88(Nov.): 42-48, 1992.

Hansen, H.J. Fraser, B.J. Menk, F.W. Erlandson, R.E. Ground satellite observations of Pc 1 magnetic pulsations in the plasma trough. Journal of geophysical research 100(A5): 7971-7985, 1995.

Howard, T.A. Menk, F.W. Morris, R.J. Conjugacy of Pc3-4 waves in the high-latitude magnetosphere. ANARE reports 146: 341-354, 2001.

Hu, Y.D. and B.J. Fraser. 1991. Transverse phase bunching: an interaction between thermal heavy ions and ion cyclotron waves. ANARE Research notes 80: 69-82.

Hu, Y.D. and Fraser, B.J. 1992. Bounce period of electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves in a two ion magnetosphere. Australian Journal of Physics 45: 695-716.

Hu, Y.D. and Fraser, B.J. 1994. EMIC wave amplification and source regions in the magnetosphere. Journal of Geophysics 99: 263-272.

Li, Y. Webster, D.J. Menk, F.W. Fraser, B.J. Generation and propagation mechanisms of Pi2 geomagnetic pulsations. ANARE research notes 88(Nov.): 89-98, 1992.

Liu, Y.H. Fraser, B.J. Liu, R.Y. Ponomarenko, P.V. Conjugate phase studies of ULF waves in the Pc5 band near the cusp. Journal of geophysical research 108(A7, 1274): doi:10.1029/2002JA009336, 2003.
Matsuoka, H. Yukimatu, A.S. Yamagishi, H. Sato, N. Sofko, G.J. Fraser, B.J. Ponomarenko, P. Liu, R. Goka, T. Coordinated observation of Pc3 pulsations near cusp latitudes. Journal of geophysical research 107(A11, 1400): doi:10.1029/2001JA000065, 2002.

Menk, F.W. Fraser, B.J. Hansen, H.J. Newell, P.T. Meng, C.-I. Morris, R.J. Spectral characteristics and source regions of high latitude 2.5-0.1 Hz (Pc1-2) ULF waves. ANARE research notes 80: 15-28, 1991.

Menk, F.W. Fraser, B.J. Hansen, H.J. Newell, P.T. Meng, C.-I. Morris, R.J. Diagnosis of high latitude magnetospheric topology using ULF Pc1-2 pulsations. Journal of atmospheric and terrestrial physics 54: 1021-1042, 1992.

Menk, F.W. Fraser, B.J. Hansen, H.J. Newell, P.T. Meng, C.-I. Morris, R.J. Multi-station observations of Pc1-2 ULF pulsations in the vicinity of the polar cusp. Journal of geomagnetism and geoelectricity 45(10): 1159-1173, 1993.

Menk, F.W., Fraser, B.J., Hanser, H.J., Newwell, P.T., Meng, C.I. and Morris, R.J. 1992. Diagnosis of high latitude magnetospheric topology using ULF Pc1-2 pulsations. Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics 54: 1021-1042.

Menk, F.W. Hansen, H.J. Dunlop, I.S. Fraser, B.J. Newell, P.T. Meng, C.-I. Morris, R.J. ULF wave sources at polar cusp and boundary layer latitudes. Advances in space research 5(11): 301-304, 1994.

Morris, R.J. Cole, K.D. Troitskaia, V.A. Fraser, B.J. Hansen, H.J. Menk, F.W. Multi-site high-latitude ULF magnetic pulsation studies. ANARE research notes 88(Nov.): 13-18, 1992.

Neudegg, D.A. Burns, G.B. Fraser, B.J. Menk, F.W. Hansen, H.J. Morris, R.J. Underwood, M.J. Monitoring propagation of Pc1-2 ULF waves at southern cusp/cleft latitudes. ANARE research notes 92: 144-156, 1993.

Neudegg, D.A. Fraser, B.J. Menk, F.W. Hansen, H.J. Burns, G.B. Morris, R.J. Underwood, M.J. Sources and velocities of Pc1-2 ULF waves at high latitudes. Geophysical research letters 22(21): 2965-2968, 1995.

Neudegg, D.A., Underwood, M.J., Burns, G.B., Fraser, B.J., Menk, F.W., Hansen, H.J. and Morris, R.J. 1994. Deployment of a multi-station magnetometer array to examine source regions of ULF waves at southern cusp/cleft latitudes. ANARE Research Notes 92: 135-143.

Neudegg, D.A. Fraser, B.J. Menk, F.W. Waters, C.L. Burns, G.B. Morris, R.J. ULF wave attenuation in the high latitude ionospheric waveguide. Advances in space research 25(7-8): 1559-1565, 2000.

Olson, J.V. Fraser, B.J. Conjugate ULF pulsations in the cusp. In: Solar-Terrestrial Energy Program: the initial results from STEP facilities and theory campaigns; proceedings of the 5th COSPAR Colloquium, Laurel, MD, Aug. 24-28, 1994.Baker D.N. Papitashvili V.O. Teague M.J. (eds) : . 1994. pp.205-212

Olson, J.V. Fraser, B.J. Pc3 pulsations in the cusp. in: Solar wind sources of magnetospheric ultra-low-frequency waves.Engebretson M.J. Takahashi K. Scholer M. (eds) : . 1994. pp.325-334 [American Geophysical Union. Geophysical monograph No. 81] ISBN 0875900402

Ostwald, P.M., Menk, F.W., Fraser, B.J. and McNabb, P.W. 1993. Spatial and temporal characteristics of 10-100 mHz ULF waves recorded across a low latitude azimuthal array. Annals of Geophysics 11: 742-752.

Ponomarenko, P.V. Fraser, B.J. Menk, F.W. Ables, S.T. Morris, R.J. Cusp-latitude Pc3 spectra: band-limited and power-law components. Annales geophysicae 20: 1539-1551, 2002.

Sciffer, M.D. Waters, C.L. Menk, F.W. Propagation of ULF waves through the ionosphere: Inductive effect of oblique magnetic fields. Annales geophysicae 22(4): 1155-1169, 2004.

Szuberla, C.A.L. Olson, J.V. Engebretson, M.J. Fraser, B.J. Hughes, W.J. Interstation Pc3 coherence at cusp latitudes. Geophysical research letters 25(13): 2381-2384, 1998.

Terkildsen, M.B. Fraser, B.J. Menk, F.W. Rosenberg, T.J. Morris, R.J. Observations of absorption patches associated with magnetic impulse events. ANARE reports 146: 165-180, 2001.

Loto'anui, T. M., B. J. Fraser, and C. L. Waters, The propagation of electromagnetic ion cyclotron wave energy in the magnetosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 110, doi:1029/2004JA010816, (2005).

Kangas, J., B. J. Fraser and A. S. Potapov, Pc1 pearl waves: Discovery, morphology and physics, J. Atmos. Terrestr. Phys. 69, 1599 (2007).

Liu, Y. H.,B. J. Fraser, S. T. Ables, M. W. Dunlop, B. C. Zhang, R. Y. Liu and Q. G. Zong, Phase structure of Pc3 waves observed by Cluster and ground stations near the cusp, J. Geophys. Res. 113 (2008).

Clilverd, M.A., Rodger, C.J., Thomson, N.R., Brundell, J.V., Ulich, T., Lichtenberger, J., Cobbett, N., Collier, A.B., Menk, F.W., Seppala, A., Verronen, P.T. and Turunen, E. 2009. Remote sensing space weather events: Antarctic-Arctic Radiation belt (Dynamic) Deposition-VLF Atmospheric Research Konsortium network. Space Weather 7, S04001, doi:: 10.1029/2008SW000412, 2009

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2009-05-01
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-06-15


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