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All-Sky Optical Imager data, Arrival Heights, Scott Base, Antarctica
Entry ID: K069_1996_2012_NZ_1


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Summary
Abstract: An All-sky Optical Imager was installed in January 1996 at Arrival Heights, Ross Island, Antarctica, to continuously record and analyse optical emissions associated with solar wind particle reactions in the upper atmosphere. The optical components were mounted on a frame suspended from the roof below an outside glass dome. The set up was moved once in January 2007 but maintaining annually. The optical imager can only be used when the sun is below the horizon for a reasonable part of the day. This occurs first in May. During May, June and July the camera records data whenever conditions (when there is no moon) allow the very low intensity optical phenomena to be observed and recorded. The All-Sky Optical Imager collects data annually and operates in concurrence with American collaborators. The camera consists of a fish-eye lens that provides an image that is separated into two wavelengths, 630nm and the other at 428.7nm that are focused onto an image intensifier tube and the output is scanned by a CCD TV camera. The solar wind particles are ionised particles expelled from the surface of the sun (composed of electrons and protons, the constituents of hydrogen and an extremely small number of heavier ions). Solar reactions produce solar winds which in turn depend on particle density and velocity, changing with the activity of the sun at the time of ejection. The solar wind continually varies in speed, density and direction when interacting with the Earth. Direct collisions of incoming particles with atoms and molecules in the upper atmosphere produce optical radiation (light) at wavelengths that identify the reaction.

Related URL
Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: Space Physics Group, The University of Newcastle, Australia


Geographic Coverage
 N: -77.9175 S: -77.9175  E: 166.7625  W: 166.7625

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1996-01-01


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > ARRIVAL HEIGHTS
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS >IONOSPHERE/MAGNETOSPHERE DYNAMICS >PLASMA WAVES    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION


Instrument
Photometers    [Information]


Quality
The data is archived and held by the investigator. Collaboration and wide use of the data is encouraged. Please contact the investigator for more information.


Data Set Progress
IN WORK


Data Center
Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/

Data Center Personnel
Name: SHULAMIT GORDON
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Personnel
BRIAN FRASER
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +61 2 4921 5445
Fax: +61 2 4921 6907
Email: brian.fraser at newcastle.edu.au
Contact Address:
Physics Building
The University of Newcastle
University Drive
City: Callaghan
Province or State: New South Wales
Postal Code: 2308
Country: AUSTRALIA


CEISHA POIROT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: c.poirot at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


SHULAMIT GORDON
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Publications/References
Wright, I.M., B.J. Fraser, and F.W. Menk, Observations of Polar Cap Arc Drift Motion from Scott Base, ANARE Reports, 146, 233-246, 2001.

Wright, I. M., B. J. Fraser, and F. W. Menk, Optical and Magnetic Signatures of the Polar Cap, Western Pacific Geophysics Meeting, Brisbane, 23-27/07/1996, EOS Suppl., Transactions, AGU, 77, 22, 1996.

Wright, I. M., B. J. Fraser, F. W. Menk, and A. T. Weatherwax, Polar Cap Images observed at Scott Base, Antarctica, 1997 AGU Fall Meeting, EOS Suppl., Transactions, AGU, 78, 46, 1997.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2009-05-01
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-06-21


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