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Kaplan Sea Surface Temperature (SST) Indices from LDEO/IRI Climate Data Library
Entry ID: LDEO_KAPLAN_INDICES


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Summary
Abstract: This data set includes indices of sea surface temperature (SST)
anomalies from Kaplan, et al (1998) and Cane, et al (1997).
These data sets were analyzed using the Optimal Smoother (OS)
analysis of MOHSST5, a version of the GOSTA dataset from the
U.K. Meteorological Office.

For each index there is the straight average of the values
available in the MOHSST5 dataset; the value corresponding to
the OS analysis, and the theoretical estimate for the rms
error in the analyzed index.
The indices are:

EqNA Equatorial North Atlantic average EqNA [5N-20N,80W-15W].
GL Global mean [30S-60N].
GT Global equatorial mean [5S-5N].
GT30 Global tropical mean [30S-30N].
NAc North Atlantic (caption) NAc index [30N-50N, 60W-0W].
NAf North Atlantic (figure) NAf index [35N-70N, 75W-10W].
NAi North Atlantic (intended) NAi index [35N-60N, 60W-0W].
NINO3 NINO3 index [5S-5N, 150W-90W].
NINO3.4 NINO3.4 index [5S-5N, 170W-120W].
NP North Pacific NP index [30N-50N, 150E-120W].
WP Western Pacific (or Warm Pool) WP Index[5S-5N, 120E-170E]
from Cane, etal (1997).

Geographic Coverage
 N: 20.0 S: 5.0  E: -15.0  W: -80.0
 N: 60.0 S: -30.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0
 N: 5.0 S: -5.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0
 N: 30.0 S: -30.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0
 N: 50.0 S: 30.0  E: -0.0  W: -60.0
 N: 70.0 S: 35.0  E: -10.0  W: -75.0
 N: 60.0 S: 35.0  E: -0.0  W: -60.0
 N: 5.0 S: -5.0  E: -90.0  W: -150.0
 N: 5.0 S: -5.0  E: -120.0  W: -170.0
 N: 50.0 S: 30.0  E: -120.0  W: 150.0
 N: 5.0 S: -5.0  E: 170.0  W: 120.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: A. Kaplan
Dataset Title: Sea Surface Temperature (SST) Indices from Reduced Space Optimal Analysis of MOHSST5 Global Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies
Dataset Release Place: Palisades, NY
Dataset Publisher: Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1856-01-01
Stop Date: 1991-12-31


Location Keywords
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL OCEAN


Data Resolution
Latitude Resolution: 5 degree
Longitude Resolution: 5 degree
Temporal Resolution: monthly


Science Keywords
OCEANS >OCEAN TEMPERATURE >SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
CLIMATE INDICATORS >ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS >TELECONNECTIONS >EL NINO SOUTHERN OSCILLATION (ENSO) >ENSO    [Definition]
CLIMATE INDICATORS >ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS >TELECONNECTIONS >NORTH PACIFIC OSCILLATION    [Definition]
CLIMATE INDICATORS >ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS >SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE INDICES >KAPLAN SST INDEX    [Definition]
CLIMATE INDICATORS >ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS >TELECONNECTIONS >WEST PACIFIC INDEX    [Definition]
CLIMATE INDICATORS >ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS >SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE INDICES >EAST CENTRAL TROPICAL PACIFIC SST    [Definition]
CLIMATE INDICATORS >ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS >SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE INDICES >NINO 3 INDEX    [Definition]
CLIMATE INDICATORS >ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS >SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE INDICES >CENTRAL TROPICAL PACIFIC SST    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
OCEANS


Project
DODS >Distributed Oceanographic Data System    [Information]
ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]
OPENDAP >Open-source Project for a Network Data Access Protocol    [Information]


Access Constraints
None


Use Constraints
None


Keywords
EL NINO SOUTHERN OSCILLATION
ENSO
GOSTA
MOHSST5
SST ANOMALIES


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
LDEO


Data Center
Climate Data Library, International Research Institute for Climate Prediction, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://ingrid.ldeo.columbia.edu/

Data Center Personnel
Name: BENNO BLUMENTHAL
Phone: (845) 680-4450
Fax: (845) 680-4864
Email: benno at iri.ldeo.columbia.edu
Contact Address:
Data Library Manager
International Research Institute for Climate Prediction
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Columbia University
City: Palisades
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10964-8000
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: WWW
Fees: None


Personnel
ALEXEY KAPLAN
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 914-359-8689
Fax: 914-359-2931
Email: alexeyk at ldeo.columbia.edu
Contact Address:
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
P.O. Box 1000
61 Route 9W
City: Palisades
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: NY 10964-1000
Country: USA


Publications/References
Kaplan, A., M. Cane, Y. Kushnir, A. Clement, M. Blumenthal, and
B. Rajagopalan, Analyses of global sea surface temperature
1856-1991, Journal of Geophysical Research, 103, 18,567-18,
589, 1998.

Cane, M.A., A.C. Clement, A. Kaplan, Y. Kushnir, R. Murtugudde,
D. Pozdnyakov, R. Seager, and S.E. Zebiak., 1997: 20th century
sea surface temperature trends. Science, 275, 957--960.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2000-09-22
Last DIF Revision Date: 2007-09-19


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