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Monthly and Seasonal Temperature, Precipitation, Wind, Sunshine, and Cloud Data for Finland (1844-1917)
Entry ID: NCL00134_139_141


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Summary
Abstract: Temperature, precipitation, and cloud data resides in 1 book, 'Uber
Die Temperatur Des Bodens Und Der Schneedecke in Sodankyla Nach
Beobachtungen Mit Thermoelementen' (C/dab K395) written in German. The
data contained in this book are tables of daily, monthly, and seasonal
surface temperature, precipitation, and cloudiness for Sodankyla,
Finland from 1886 to 1917. The daily parameters for each individual
month from 1915 to 1917 are mean soil, air temperature, cloudiness,
precipitation amount, and snow cover.

The monthly parameters for each individual month included in these
data are the following: temperature deviation from normal; mean soil
temperatures, cloudiness, snow and sand surface temperature; deviation
from normal of precipitation amount, precipitation days, snow depth,
and snow days; total snow depth; and snow cover height and density.
In addition, there is data on the mean, maximum, and minimum snow
density at different temperature intervals and different layers. Data
for each month are for the years 1915 to 1917, and ground temperatures
are recorded with different sky conditions and air temperatures. The
monthly variables averaged over the period 1886 to 1917 included in
these data are: mean cloudiness, precipitation, snow depth, snow days,
and number of days with precipitation of a certain intensity; and mean
cloudiness deviation from normal. A seasonal parameter incorporated in
these data are the number of days of snow for each season from 1891-94
and 1915-17, and an annual parameter included in these data is the
annual mean ground temperature at various depths for each year.

In addition, the parameters mentioned above are in graphic form at the
back of the book.

Sunshine and additional cloud data resides in 1 book,
'Sonnescheindauer V. Bewolkung in Helsingfors' (C/dab J65s ) written
in German. The data contained in this book are monthly and seasonal
sunshine and cloud data for Finland from 1903 to 1907. Parameters
averaged over the period are monthly sunshine duration for hour
intervals, and monthly and seasonal mean cloud amount. The only
parameter averaged for each individual month is monthly mean sunshine
duration for hour intervals.

Wind and additional precipitation data resides in 1 book, 'Bei Welcher
Temperatur Fallen in Finnland Die Neiderschlage' (C/dab K84b) written
in German. The data contained in this book are tables of monthly
precipitation and wind data and their association with various
temperature ranges. These data are for Finland and averaged over the
period 1844 to 1915. The following precipitation data are for
Helsinki, Finland only: amount, number of rain hours, number of days
with precipitation greater then a certain intensity, and absolute rain
probability. The other data contained in this book are precipitation
and snowfall, and the wind direction frequency at various temperature
ranges. Most of the tables are in the back of the book.

These books are part of the foreign meteorological data collection
held by the NOAA Central Library in Washington, DC. Information in
this collection dates back to the 18th century for daily, monthly,
seasonal, and annual tabular summaries, and the 19th century for
weather maps. These data are the result of foreign exchange
agreements, but the collection has not been updated since 1983.

Geographic Coverage
 N: 72.0 S: 60.0  E: 32.0  W: 20.0
 Max Altitude: SURFACE

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1844-01-01
Stop Date: 1917-12-31


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE > SCANDINAVIA > FINLAND > Sodankyla
CONTINENT > EUROPE > Finland
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > MID-LATITUDE
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Data Resolution
Temporal Resolution: Daily, Monthly, Seasonal


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >MAXIMUM/MINIMUM TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >SURFACE WINDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD PROPERTIES >CLOUD FREQUENCY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD TYPES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >PRECIPITATION AMOUNT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >RAIN    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >SNOW >SNOW COVER    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >SNOW >SNOW DEPTH    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SOLAR IRRADIANCE >INSOLATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SOLAR RADIATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SUNSHINE    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW COVER    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW DENSITY    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW DEPTH    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW COVER    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW DENSITY    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW DEPTH    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
INLAND WATERS


Platform
GROUND STATIONS    [Information]
METEOROLOGICAL STATIONS    [Information]


Project
ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]


Keywords
CLIMATOLOGY
FINLAND
IDN_NODE GSFC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC
INSOLATION
MONTHLY DATA
SEASONAL DATA
SNOW COVER
STATISTICS
SUNSHINE
SURFACE
SURFACE TEMPERATURE
SURFACE WIND


Originating Center
NOAA/NESDIS/NODC/LISD


Data Center
Library Services Information Division, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.lib.noaa.gov/
Dataset ID: C/DAB J65S
Dataset ID: C/DAB K395
Dataset ID: C/DAB K84B

Data Center Personnel
Name: NOAA CENTRAL LIBRARY
Phone: (301) 713-2600 x124
Fax: (301) 713-4598
Email: reference at www.lib.noaa.gov
Contact Address:
NOAA Central Library
1315 East-West Highway 2nd Floor, SSMC3
City: Silver Spring
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20910-3282
Country: USA


Personnel
PETER L. GRIMM
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 713-0575
Fax: (301) 713-1249
Email: peter.l.grimm at noaa.gov
Contact Address:
NOAA Environmental Information Services
1315 East-West Highway, SSMC3, Station 15441
City: Silver Spring
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20910
Country: USA



Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-02-23


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