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Geoelectrical environment - Vostok - 1998 to 2004
Entry ID: ASAC_974_1


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Summary
Abstract: These data were collected under a collaborative arrangement between the Australian Antarctic Division (Principal Investigator: Gary Burns) and the Russian Antarctic Expeditions (Chief Russian Investigator: Oleg Troshichev, Institute of Arctic and Antarctic Studies, St Petersburg).

Vertical electric field data were collected with an electric field mill (EFM) at Vostok intermittently over the interval 1998-2004. [A different electric field mill was installed at Vostok in late December 2006, and metadata from this instrument is found at ASAC_974_2]. The data were initially collected with 10 second resolution. The EFM is calibrated monthly by placing a Faraday box containing parallel plates over the rotating dipole. A range of voltages are applied to the plates and the instrument is calibrated in volts per metre relative to the calibration box. Absolute values are not possible to determine, as the instrument compression is unknown. The values should be treated as relative.

An additional factor to be noted is the height of the EFM. When it was initially installed, it was on a metal pole ~1.5 m above the snow surface. When the site was visited in December 2005, the height of the pole indicated the instrument would have been 1.05m above the snow surface. A change in height will alter the instrument compression (higher height implies larger instrument compression). It would be extremely difficult to accurately interpret these data to determine a long term trend.

The 10 second resolution data have been averaged to yield minute resolution values. Calibrations are linearly interpolated and have been applied to the data.

1 minute averages are provided in this download for 1998-2004. 10 second averages are provided for 2005-2006.

Files of the form "VEFCalibrationInfo_1998.txt" indicate the calibration data that has been applied to each year.

Any data for any month is in files of the form: "VosEF_1998_01.txt", where "1998" indicates the year and "01" indicates the month.

The monthly data files list the data as "Year,DoY,UT Hour,UT Min,EF-all(V/m),EF-fair(V/m)". This is the also the first line of each monthly file.
"Year" is a 4 digit representation of the year.
"DoY" is the day-of-year number from 1 to 365/366.
"UT Hour" is the Universal Time hour for the observation.
"UT Min" is the Universal Time minute for the observation.
"EF-all(V/m)" is the electric field value determined for that minute, with the calibration applied, independent of whether the data are selected as 'fair-weather'.
"EF-fair(V/m)" is the electric field value determined for that minute, with the calibration applied, IF that data has been selected as 'fair-weather'.

An outline of how 'fair-weather' has been determined is given in the publication: Burns, G.B., Frank-Kamenetsky, A.V., Troshichev, O.A., Bering, E.A., Reddell, B.D. (2005) Interannual consistency of bi-monthly differences in diurnal variations of the ground-level, vertical electric field. Journal of Geophysical Research 110, D10106. doi:10.1029/2004JD005469.

The data are comma delimited in the monthly processed data files.
Thus the line

1998,60,0,25,179.14,179.14
means a fair-weather value of 179.14 volts per metre (relative to the calibration box) is determined for the 25th minute, of the zeroth UT hour, of the 60th day of the year 1998.

1998,60,3,7,244.75,
means a value of 244.75 volts per metre (relative to the calibration box) is determined for the 7th minute, of the 3rd UT hour, of the 60th day of the year 1998; and that this value is not determined to be 'fair-weather'.

The monthly processed data files list every minute for the month, even if there is no value for that minute. A lack of data is indicated by an absence of values, but a retention of the separating comma.

Thus the line
1998,62,16,8,,
indicates that no values were recorded for the 8th minute, of the 16th UT hour, of the 62nd day of the year 1998.

'Fair-weather' data were recorded at Vostok ~55% of the time the instrument was operational, but there are seasonal and summer diurnal variations. [See previous reference]. Please note: Vostok is a difficult operational environment and the electric field mill suffered considerable intervals of instrument failure. If there is no monthly file, then no data were recorded for that month.

Vostok was not occupied during 2003, so no data exists for that time.

The electric field mill used to collect these data incorporated carbon brush commutators to rectify the signal from the rotating dipole. Over the years of operation, wear on these led to greater variability in the monthly calibrations. As discussed in the paper previously referenced, the monthly calibration data for 2002 were twice as variable as any of the earlier years and thus only data from the years 1998 through 2001 were combined to yield seasonal-diurnal averages. The 2004 data (not available at the time of the referenced analysis) have a large monthly variability, but not as great as 2002. When utilising the data, these difficulties need to be considered. The yearly calibration data files can be used to quantify the level of uncertainty in the measurements.

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: Download point for the data - text files


Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: Public information for ASAC project 974


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Solar Linkages to Atmospheric Processes website


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Information on the ADAS file format.


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Citation reference for this metadata record and dataset


Geographic Coverage
 N: -78.45 S: -78.55  E: 107.15  W: 107.05

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Gary Burns
Dataset Title: Electric Field Mill Measurements
Dataset Series Name: Vostok electric field AAS#974
Dataset Release Date: 2010-04-16
Dataset Release Place: Kingston
Dataset Publisher: Australian Antarctic Division
Data Presentation Form: text
Online Resource: http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/portal/download_file.cfm?file_id=841


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1998-01-11
Stop Date: 2002-10-16

Start Date: 2004-01-24
Stop Date: 2004-11-30


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > VOSTOK
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Data Resolution
Temporal Resolution: 1 minute


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC ELECTRICITY >ELECTRIC FIELD    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC ELECTRICITY >LIGHTNING    [Definition]
SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS >IONOSPHERE/MAGNETOSPHERE DYNAMICS >ELECTRIC FIELDS/ELECTRIC CURRENTS    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE


Platform
GROUND STATIONS    [Information]
GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS    [Information]


Instrument
RDEFM >Rotating Dipole Electric Field Mill    [Information]


Project
IPY >INTERNATIONAL POLAR YEAR    [Information]
SLAP >Solar Variability Linkages to Atmospheric Processes    [Information]


Quality
Vostok electric field (EF) data analysis has been processed by linearly interpreting between calibration measurements. See the calibration files for further information.

Specific caveats on the Vostok EF data:

They are calibrated only to the calibration box, NOT absolutely.

They should not be used for long-term trend analysis ...when the Electric Field Mill (EFM) was installed on a metal post in 1998 it was 1.5m above the snow surface. In January 2006 the EFM on the pole was ~1.05 m above the snow surface. The compression factor over the years would be changed by a variable amount.

History of Vostok EF data:

There are no data from 2003; Vostok was not occupied that winter.

A new EFM was only installed at the end of 2005, after the old EFM became very unreliable towards the end of 2004. Unprocessed data (10s resolution - no selection for 'fair-weather') are available at ASAC_974_2


Access Constraints
These data are available for download from the URL given below. The download contains a number of monthly data files, as well as yearly calibration files. All files are stored in comma delimited, ASCII text format. Up to and including 2004, files are presented as 1 minute averages.


Use Constraints
This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License
(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=ASAC_974_1 when using these data.

Please also contact the investigator before using these data.


Keywords
ELECTRIC FIELD
GEOELECTRICAL CIRCUIT
UNIVERSAL TIME
VERTICAL ELECTRIC FIELD


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
Australian Antarctic Division


Data Center
Australian Antarctic Data Centre, Australia    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://data.aad.gov.au

Data Center Personnel
Name: DATA OFFICER AADC
Phone: +61 3 6232 3244
Fax: +61 3 6232 3351
Email: metadata at aad.gov.au
Contact Address:
Australian Antarctic Division
203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7050
Country: Australia



Distribution
Distribution_Media: HTTP
Distribution_Size: 16 MB
Distribution_Format: text
Fees: free


Personnel
GARY BURNS
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +61 3 6232 3381
Fax: +61 3 6232 3496
Email: gary.burns at aad.gov.au
Contact Address:
Australian Antarctic Division
203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7050
Country: Australia


VLADIMIR PAPITASHVILI
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +1 734 763 6247
Fax: +1 734 763-0437
Email: papita at umich.edu
Contact Address:
SPRL, University of Michigan
2455 Hayward Street
City: Ann Arbor
Province or State: MI
Postal Code: 48109-2143
Country: USA


ALEXANDR VICTOROVICH FRANK-KAMANETSKY
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +7 812 352 1149
Fax: +7 812 352 2688
Email: al_frank at aari.nw.ru
Contact Address:
ARCTIC AND ANTARCTIC Research Institute
Bering St 38
City: St Petersberg
Postal Code: 199397
Country: Russia


OLEG TROSHICHEV
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +7 812 352 1149
Fax: +7 812 352 2688
Email: olegtro at aari.nw.ru
Contact Address:
ARCTIC AND ANTARCTIC Research Institute
Bering St 38
City: St Petersberg
Postal Code: 199397
Country: Russia


EDGAR ANDREW BERING
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +1 713 743 3543
Fax: +1 713 743 3589
Email: eabering at uh.edu
Contact Address:
University of Houston
Physics Department
City: Houston
Province or State: Texas
Postal Code: 77204-5506
Country: USA


Publications/References
Burns, G.B., Frank-Kamenetsky, A.V., Troshichev, O.A., Bering, E.A., Papitashvili, V.O. (1998), The geoelectric field: a link between the troposphere and solar variability., Annals of Glaciology, 27, 651-654

Frank-Kamenetsky, A.V., Burns, G.B., Troshichev, O.A., Papitashvili, V.O., Bering, E.A., French, W.J.R. (1999), The geoelectric field at Vostok, Antarctica: its relation to the interplanetary magnetic field and the cross polar cap potential difference., Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 61, 1347-1356

Frank-Kamenetsky, A.V., Troshichev, O.A., Burns, G.B., Papitashvili, V.O. (2001), Variations of the atmospheric electric field in the near-pole region related to the interplanetary magnetic field, Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, A1, 179-190

Corney, R.C., Burns, G.B., Michael, K., Frank-Kamenetsky, A.V., Troshichev, O.A., Bering, E.A., Papitashvili, V.O., Breed, A.M., Duldig, M.L. (2003), The influence of polar-cap convection on the geoelectric field at Vostok, Antarctica, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 65, 345-354

Burns, G.B., Frank-Kamenetsky, A.V., Troshichev, O.A., Bering, E.A., Reddell, B.D. (2005), Interannual consistency of bi-monthly differences in diurnal variations of the ground-level, vertical electric field., Journal of Geophysical Research, 110, D10106, doi:doi:10.1029/2004JD005469

Burns, G.B., Tinsley, B.A., Klekociuk, A.R., Troshichev, O.A., Frank-Kamenetsky, A.V., Duldig, M.L., Bering, E.A., Clem, J.M. (2006), Antarctic polar plateau vertical electric field variations across heliocentric current sheet crossings., Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 68, 639-654

Frank-Kamenetsky, A.V., Troshichev, O.A., Morozov, V.N., Burns, G, Corney, R. (2006), Relation between the near-Earth electric-field at high latitudes and intense cloud-to-ground lightning strokes initiating VLF emission bursts., Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 46, 3, 382-388

Burns, G.B., Tinsley, B.A., Frank-Kamenetsky, A.V., Bering, E.A. (2007), Interplanetary magnetic field and atmospheric electric circuit influences on ground-level pressure at Vostok., Journal of Geophysical Research, D04103, 112, doi:doi:10.1029/2006JD007246

Tinsley, B.A., Burns, G.B., Zhou, L. (2007), The role of the global electric circuit in solar and internal forcing of clouds and climate, Advances in Space Research, 40, 1126-1139

Burns, G.B., Tinsley, B.A., French, W.J.R., Troshichev, O.A., Frank-Kamenetsky, A.V. (2008), Atmospheric circuit influences on ground-level pressure in the Antarctic and Arctic, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, D15112, doi:doi:10.1029/2007JD009618

Kniveton, D.R., Tinsley, B.A., Burns, G.B., Bering, E.A., Troshichev, O.A. (2008), Variations in global cloud cover and the fair-weather vertical electric field, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 70, 1633-1642

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2000-08-08
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-03-25


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