Arrival Heights Bruker IFS 120M FTS mid-infrared gases
A Bruker 120M interferometer, a high resolution infrared instrument, was used to measure trace gases in the atmosphere (HNO3, HCl, CH4, N2O, CO, ClONO2) during the early spring from the time the sun returns until early November and also during the winter using moonlight at Arrival Heights. The Bruker replaces the Bomem interferometer previously in place as it has a greater maximum path length and ... can achieve higher resolutions. Both instruments have two detectors (liquid nitrogen cooled) to cover a range of wavelengths from 2 to 10 µm but the Bruker has provision for taking spectra in six filter passbands, rather than the two of the Bomem. The spectra record the information on the trace gases, contained within, use direct sunlight fed to the instrument with sun tracking mirrors and contain absorption lines of many gases. Quantities of those gases, and in some cases their vertical profiles are determine by fitting the measured spectra to synthetic spectra with least squares or optimal estimation techniques. The data (raw = times and recorded interferograms which are Fourier transformed into spectra, derived = column amounts, and in some cases limited vertical profile information, of atmospheric trace gases) are routinely analysed for HNO3, HCl, CH4, N2O, CO, ClONO2. Plans to extend this include HF, C2H6, HCN in near future. Some moonlight measurements of just HNO3 have also been made.
Data is routinely analised for HNO3, HCI, CH4, N2O, CO, CIONO2. Plans are to extend this to include HF, C2H6, HCN in the near future. Information on other trace gases is contained in the spectra, not yet analysed/retreived.
"Raw" data are times recorded in terfero grams which are Fourier transformed into spectra. " Derived" data are coloumn amounts, and in some cases limited vertical profile information, of atmospheric trace gases.
Technique for vertical profile information uses "optimal estimation" to extract information from pressure broadening of absorption lines.
The FTIR data is submitted to the international Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC). This public record is available through an anonymous ftp or by a clickable map linking sites with data directories.
NIWA's Antarctic atmospheric homepage
(Click for Interactive Map)
Start date given in temporal coverage is approximate only. The year is
The dataset is available via the url given below. Files are stored as excel spreadsheets.
Data Set Progress
harry.burton at aad.gov.au
Australian Antarctic Division
203 Channel Highway
Province or State:
Eslake, D., Kirkwood, R., Burton, H., Wang, Zipan (1991), Temporal changes in zooplankton composition in a hypersaline, Antarctic lake subject to periodic seawater incursions., Hydrobiologia, 210, 93-99
Eslake, D., Kirkwood, R., Burton, H.R., Wang, Zipan (1988), The effect of spatial and temporal salinity changes on a copepod population in a hypersaline lake subject to periodic seawater incursions (Abstract)., Fifth SCAR Symposium on Antarctic Biology
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date:
Last DIF Revision Date: