ANDRILL (ANtarctic DRILLing project) is a multinational (Germany, Italy, New Zealand and USA) initiative to investigate the climate and tectonic history of Antarctica by recovering deep sediment cores from the sedimentary basins beneath the floating McMurdo/Ross Ice Shelf (RIS). The response of Antarctic ice sheets to projected greenhouse warming of up to 5.8�C by the end of the century is ... unknown and models on which predictions are based need to be constrained by geological data of the ancient ice sheets during past times when earth was known to be warmer than it is today. Future stability of the RIS, which is coupled to the behaviour of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS), is of wide interest in the context of current global warming projections. The RIS is considered stable but it is being undernourished with ice from West Antarctica as its ice stream feeders are slowing down. A continued reduction in discharge could trigger retreat and/or widespread break up. Collapse of the RIS could affect global climate in a number of ways including altering the production of salty bottom water around Antarctica thus altering the global thermohaline circulation system and global climate, altering the albedo and causing regional warming (ice-albedo feedback) and the exchange of heat and water vapour between the ocean and the atmosphere could lead to accelaerated loss and eventual collapse of the marine based WAIS, raising sea level by 5-6m. The goal of ANDRILL was to gain an understanding of the past behaviour of the Antarctic Ice Sheets (east and west) and the McMurdo/Ross Ice Shelf and their role on global climate change. A team of over 200 scientists, technicians, educators and support staff from all countries collaborated over two main seasons of drilling and four prior seasons of drill site investigations to recover sediment core below the sea floor that represent a nearly unbroken geological history of Antarctic ice shelf/sheet advance and retreat during the last 5 million years. Drilling operated during the 2006-2007 (McMurdo Ice Shelf) and 2007-2008 (Ross Ice Shelf) season, recovering 1284.87 m and 1138.54 m of sediment cores each season respectively (both with 98% recovery), a record depth of sub-bottom penetration in the Antarctic region and the first drilling rig to operate through a floating ice shelf. The ice core was analysed to determine how the Antarctic ice sheets behaved during periods of global warmth greater than the present day and climate and ice sheet models were created to extend the results to provide guidance regarding potential response by the West Antarctic Ice Sheet and Ross Ice Shelf to future scenarios of global warming. All of the cores were sent to Florida State University, Tallahassee, USA.
Five other related metadata entries for ANDRILL and site investigations. Titles are as follows: Antacrctic geological DRILLing (ANDRILL) drilling rig New Harbour and Windless Bight seismic data for ANDRILL Oceanography and sedimentation beneath the MRIS in Windless Bight GPS surveying to obtain ice flow densities for the SMIS GPR surveys of an ice rise on the SMIS Geophysical investigations (seismic, aero and ground base magnetic, gravity, GPR and bathymetry surveys) of the tectonic, sedimentary and volcanic history of the Victoria Land Basing - site survey for ANDRILL project
The permanent archival data management is taking place at the ANDRILL Science Management Office in Nebraska, USA by Josh Reed who is contactable at:
126 Bessey Hall University of Nebraska-Lincoln P.O. Box 880851 Lincoln, NE 68588-0341, USA ... TEL: (402) 472-6723 FAX: (402) 472-6724 EMAIL: firstname.lastname@example.org
The MIS and SMS datasets are being transferred and archived to the PANGAEA database. A moratorium is in effect for the data so the actual data is password protected but the metadata and DOI for each dataset is publically available. In addition to the permanent archive at PANGAEA, the SMO will maintain a copy of the data and images on its servers for use.
MIS data includes split core images, whole core images, core descriptions, lithostratigraphic units, depositional environment, physical properties, geochemistry, elemental composition, curated section data, PSICAT data, clast counts, downhole logging data, XRF imagery,, XRF colour data (RGB) and drilling data.
SMS data includes split core images (original, thumbnails and processed copies), micropaleo smear slide images (sedimentology smear slide images, sediment thin section images, volcanic clast thin section images and descriptions, diagenesis thin section images and descriptions), pore water geochemical data, clast samples, clast database, clast counts, age model, primary paleomagnetic data, clast magnetic data, PSICAT project data and spreadsheet, core logs, core recovery logs, point sensor MS data, sample list, XRF colour and lightness data, XRF element data, physical properties data, hydraulic fracturing data, smear slide data, downhole logging data, diatoms and marine palynomorphs.
McKay, R., Browne, G., Carter, L., Cowan, E., Dunbar, G., Krissek, L., Naish, T., Powell, R., Reed, J., Talarico, F., Wilch, T. 2009. The stratigraphic signature of the late Cenozoic Antarctic Ice Sheets in the Ross Embayment. Geological Society of America bulletin 121(11/12): 1537-1561. doi: 10.1130/B26540.1
Atkins, C.B., Dunbar, G.B.. 2009. Aeolian sediment flux from sea ice ... into Southern McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Global and planetary change 69(3): 133-141. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2009.04.006
Naish, T., Powell, R., Levy, R., Wilson, G., Scherer, R., Talarico, F., Krissek, L., Niessen, F., Pompilio, M., Wilson, T., Carter, L., DeConto, R., Huybers, P., McKay, R., Pollard, D., Ross, J., Winter, D., Barrett, P., Browne, G., Cody, R., Cowan, E., Crampton, J., Dunbar, G., Dunbar, N., Florindo, F., Gebhardt, C., Graham, I., Hannah, M., Hansaraj, D., Harwood, D., Helling, D., Henrys, S., Hinnov, L., Juhn, G., Kyle, P., Laufer, A., Maffioli, P., Magens, D., Mandernack, K., McIntosh, W., Millan, C., Morin, R., Ohneiser, C., Paulsen, T., Persico, D., Raine, I., Reed, J., Riesselman, C., Sagnotti, L., Schmitt, D., Sjunneskog, C., Strong, P., Taviani, M., Vogel, S., Wilch, T. and Williams, T. Obliquity-paced Pliocene West Antarctic ice sheet oscillations. Nature 458: 322-328.
Naish, T. Powell, R. Levy, R. 2007 Terra Antartica 14(3): Studies from the ANDRILL, McMurdo Ice Shelf Project, Antarctica : initial science report on AND-1B. Siena, Italy Museo Nazionale dell?Antartide Felice Ippolito
Bannister, S. Naish, T.R. 2002 ANDRILL site investigations, New Harbour and McMurdo Ice Shelf, Southern McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Lower Hutt, New Zealand Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences 478097514 Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences science report 2002/01
Dunbar, G. Niessen, F. Vogel, S. Tulaczk, S. Mandernack, K. Krissek, L. Carter, L. Cowan, E. Wilch, T. Peng, C. Strong, C.P. Scherer, R. Sjunneskog, C. Winter, D. McKay, R. Talarico, F. Pompilio, M. ANDRILL-MIS Science Team, 2007 Late Pelistocene to Holocene strata from soft-sediment coring at the AND-1B site, ANDRILL McMurdo Ice Shelf Project, Antarctica. Terra Antartica 14(3): 141-154
Dunbar, G.B. Naish, T.R. Barrett, P.J. Fielding, C.R. Powell, R.D. 2008 Constraining the amplitude of late Oligocene bathymetric changes in Western Ross Sea during orbitally-induced oscillations in the East Antarctic Ice Sheet: (1) Implications for glacimarine sequence stratigraphic models. Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology 260: 50-65 doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2007.08.018
Falconer, T. Pyne, A. Levy, R. Olney, M. Curren, M. ANDRILL-MIS Science Team, 2007 Operations overview for the ANDRILL McMurdo Ice Shelf Project, Antarctica. Terra Antartica 14(3): 131-140
Harwood, D. Levy, R. Cowie, J. Florindo, F. Naish, T. Powell, R. Pyne, A. 2006 Deep drilling with the ANDRILL Program in Antarctica. Scientific drilling (no. 3): 43-45 doi:10.2204/iodp.sd.3.09.2006
Horgan, H. Bannister, S. Naish, T. Wilson, G. Pyne, A. Clifford, A. Finnemore, M. 2003 ANDRILL site investigations/seismic surveys, McMurdo Ice Shelf, McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Lower Hutt, New Zealand Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences 047809793X Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences science report 2003/05
Krissek, L. Browne, G. Carter, L. Cowan, E. Dunbar, G. McKay, R. Naish, T. Powell, R. Reed, J. Wilch, T. ANDRILL-MIS Science Team, 2007 Sedimentology and stratigraphy of the AND-1B core, ANDRILL McMurdo Ice Shelf Project, Antarctica. Terra Antartica 14(3): 185-222
Morin, R. Williams, T. Henrys, S. Crosby, T. Hansaraj, D. ANDRILL-MIS Science Team, 2007 Downhole measurements in the AND-1B borehole, ANDRILL McMurdo Ice Shelf Project, Antarctica. Terra Antartica 14(3): 167-174
Naish, T. Powell, R. Levy, R. ANDRILL-MIS Science Team, 2007 Background to the ANDRILL McMurdo Ice Shelf Project (Antarctica) and initial science volume. Terra Antartica 14(3): 121-130
Naish, T. Powell, R. Levy, R. Henrys, S. Krissek, L. Niessen, F. Pompilio, M. Scherer, R. Wilson, G. ANDRILL-MIS Science Team, 2007 Synthesis of the initial scientific results of the MIS Project (AND-1B core), Victoria Land Basin, Antarctica. Terra Antartica 14(3): 317-327
Naish, T. Powell, R. Levy, R. Niessen, F. Kuhn, G. Florindo, F. Talarico, F. Wilson, G. Harwood, D. 2007 Examining Antarctica. Geotimes 52(10): 30-33
Naish, T. Powell, R. Levy, R. Florindo, F. Harwood, D. Kuhn, G. Niessen, F. Talarico, F. Wilson, G. 2007 Record of Antarctic climate and ice sheet history uncovered. Eos Transactions AGU 88(50): 557-558
Naish, T.R. Woolfe, K.J. Barrett, P.J. Wilson, G.S. Atkins, C. Bohaty, S.M. B�cker, C.J. Claps, M. Davey, F.J. Dunbar, G.B. Dunn, A.G. Fielding, C.R. Florindo, F. Hannah, M.J. Harwood, D.M. Henrys, S.A. Krissek, L.A. Lavelle, M. van der Meer, J. McIntosh, W.C. Niessen, F. Passchier, S. Powell, R.D. Roberts, A.P. Sagnotti, L. Scherer, R.P. Strong, C.P. Talarico, F. Verosub, K.L. Villa, G. 2001 Orbitally induced oscillations in the East Antarctic ice sheet at the Oligocene/Miocene boundary. Nature 413: 719-723
Naish, T.R. Powell, R.P. Levy, R. ANDRILL MIS Science and Operations Team, 2006 ANDRILL McMurdo Ice Shelf scientific logistical implementation plan. ANDRILL contribution no 7, University of Nebraska : 117pp
Niessen, F. Magens, D. Gebhardt, A.C. 2007 Physical properties of the AND-1B Core, ANDRILL McMurdo Ice Shelf Project, Antarctica. Terra Antartica 14(3): 155-166
Pompilio, M. Dunbar, N. Gebhardt, A.C. Helling, D. Kuhn, G. Kyle, P. McKay, R. Talarico, F. Tulaczyk, S. Vogel, S. Wilch, T. ANDRILL-MIS Science Team, 2007 Petrology and geochemistry of the AND-1B core, ANDRILL McMurdo Ice Shelf Project, Antarctica. Terra Antartica 14(3): 255-288
Scherer, R. Hannah, M. Maffioli, P. Persico, D. Sjunneskog, C. Strong, C.P. Taviani, M. Winter, D. ANDRILL-MIS Science Team, 2007 Palaeontologic characterisation and analysis of the AND-1B core, ANDRILL McMurdo Ice Shelf Project, Antarctica. Terra Antartica 14(3): 223-254
Wilson, G. Levy, R. Browne, G. Cody, R. Dunbar, N. Florindo, F. Henrys, S. Graham, I. McIntosh, W. McKay, R. Naish, T. Ohneiser, C. Powell, R. Ross, J. Sagnotti, L. Scherer, R. Sjunneskog, C. Strong, C.P. Taviani, M. Winter, D. ANDRILL-MIS Science Team, 2007 Preliminary integrated chronostratigraphy of the AND-1B core, ANDRILL McMurdo Ice Shelf Project, Antarctica. Terra Antartica 14(3): 297-316
Wilson, G.S. Florindo, F. Sagnotti, L. Ohneiser, C. ANDRILL-MIS Science Team, 2007 Palaeomagnetism of the AND-1B core, ANDRILL McMurdo Ice Shelf Project, Antarctica. Terra Antartica 14(3): 289-296
Wilson, T. Paulsen, T. Laufer, A.L. Millan, C. 2007 Fracture logging ogfthe AND-1B core, ANDRILL McMurdo Ice Shelf Project, Antarctica. Terra Antartica 14(3): 175-184
Horgan, H. Naish, T. Bannister, S. Balfour, N. Wilson, G. 2005 Seismic stratigraphy of the Plio-Pleistocene Ross Island flexural moat-fill: a prognosis for ANDRILL Program drilling beneath McMurdo-Ross Ice Shelf. Global and planetary change 45: 83-97 doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2004.09.014
Warny, S., Askin, R.A., Hannah, M.J., Mohr, B.A.R., Raine, J.I., Harwood, D.M., Florindo, F., SMS Science Team.2009. Palynomorphs from a sediment core reveal a sudden remarkably warm Antarctica during the middle Miocene. Geology 37(10): 955-958. doi: 10.1130/G30139A.1
Harwood, D., Florindo, F., Talarico, F., Levy, R., Kuhn G., Naish, T., Niessen, F., Powell, R., Pyne, A., Wilson, G. 2009. Antarctic drilling recovers stratigraphic records from the continental margin. Eos Transactions AGU 90(11). doi:10.1029/2009EO110002
Hansaraj, D. 2008. Late cenozoic stratigraphy of the southern Terror Rift, Antarctica: implications for tectonic and climatic evolution. MSc Thesis Victoria university of Wellington. 120 pp.
Del Carlo, P., Panter, K.S., Bassett, K., Bracciali, L., Di Vincenzo, G., Rocchi, S. 2009. The upper lithostratigraphic unit of ANDRILL AND-2A core (Southern McMurdo Sound, Antarctica): Local Pleistocene volcanic sources, paleoenvironmental implications and subsidence in the southern Victoria Land Basin. Global and planetary change 69: 142-161. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2009.09.002