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Global and Hemispheric Temperature Anomalies - Land and Marine Instrumental Records, 1856-2000, in CDIAC/Trends
Entry ID: CDIAC_JONES_TEMPS_TRENDS


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Summary
Abstract: [Summary adopted from the online documentation at:
"http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/trends/temp/jonescru/jones.html"]

These temperature time series are derived from an update and expansion
of the corrected land and marine data used in the global and
hemispheric temperature anomaly time series last presented in Trends
(Jones et al. 1994). The land portion of this new database is
comprised of surface air temperature (SAT) data (land-surface
meteorological data and fixed-position weather ship data) that have
been corrected for nonclimatic errors, such as station shifts and/or
instrument changes (Jones 1994). (Previous analyses of SAT data
include Jones et al. 1986a,b; and Jones 1988). The reanalysis of land
surface data by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) (Jones 1994) resulted
in (1) the inclusion of over 1000 additional stations, (2) a new
reference period common to all stations (1961-1990; previously
1950-1979), and (3) increased grid-box resolution of the temperature
anomalies (5 X 5 degree). The marine data used in the present analysis
are compiled at the Hadley Centre of the United Kingdom Meteorological
Office (UKMO) (Parker et al. 1995) and consist of sea surface
temperatures (SSTs) that incorporate in situ measurements from ships
and buoys. The SST data have been corrected for different types of
buckets used before 1942 (Folland and Parker 1995; Parker et al. 1994,
1995). These SSTs also were converted to anomalies with respect to the
1961-1990 mean. The two constituent data sets (SAT and SST) were
combined using the algorithm developed by Parker et al. (1994). The
resulting data set has been used extensively in various
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reports (e.g.,
Nicholls et al. 1996) and the global-mean temperature changes evident
in the record have been interpreted in terms of anthropogenic forcing
influences and natural variability (e.g., Wigley et al. 1997).

The citation for this dataset is:

Jones, P.D., D.E. Parker, T.J. Osborn, and K.R. Briffa. 2001. Global
and hemispheric temperature anomalies--land and marine instrumental
records. In Trends: A Compendium of Data on Global Change. Carbon
Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory,
Oak Ridge, Tenn., U.S.A.

The Jones, et al. global and hemispheric temperature data is available
from:

"http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/trends/temp/jonescru/data.html"

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: Global and hemispheric temperature anomaly data


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Description of temperature anomaly data


Geographic Coverage
 N: 90.0 S: -90.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: P.D. Jones, D.E. Parker, T.J. Osborn, K.R. Briffa
Dataset Title: Global and hemispheric temperature anomalies-land and marine instrumental record
Dataset Series Name: Trends: A Compendium of Data on Global Change
Dataset Release Date: 1999
Dataset Release Place: ORNL, Oak Ridge, TN
Dataset Publisher: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)
Version: Revised November 2001
Online Resource: http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/trends/temp/jonescru/jones.html


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1856-01-01
Stop Date: 2000-12-31


Location Keywords
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL LAND
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL OCEAN


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >TEMPERATURE ANOMALIES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LAND TEMPERATURE >LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN TEMPERATURE >SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
OCEANS


Keywords
COADS
EL NINO
ENSO
FTP
GLOBAL WARMING
GREENHOUSE EFFECT
NORTHERN HEMISPHERE
SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE
SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE
SOUTHERN OSCILLATION
SST
SURFACE AIR TEMPERATURE
TEMPERATURE ANOMALIES
TRENDS
UKMO


Originating Center
CDIAC


Data Center
Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U. S. Department of Energy    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://cdiac.ornl.gov/

Data Center Personnel
Name: CARBON DIOXIDE INFORMATION ANALYSIS CENTER
Fax: (865) 574-2232
Contact Address:
Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
P.O.. Box 2008
City: OAK RIDGE
Province or State: TENNESSEE
Postal Code: 37831-6335
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: ftp
Fees: none


Personnel
KEITH R. BRIFFA
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: K.Briffa at uea.ac.uk
Contact Address:
Climatic Research Unit
School of Environmental Sciences
University of East Anglia
Norwich NR4 7TJ
Country: UNITED KINGDOM


PHIL D. JONES
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: p.jones at uea.ac.uk
Contact Address:
Climatic Research Unit
University of East Anglia
Norwich
NR4 7TJ
Country: UNITED KINGDOM


GENE R. MAJOR
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Email: gsfc-gcmduso at mail.nasa.gov


TIM J. OSBORN
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Climatic Research Unit
School of Environmental Sciences
University of East Anglia
Norwich NR4 7TJ
Country: UNITED KINGDOM


D. E. PARKER
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research
Meteorological Office
City: Bracknell
Province or State: Berkshire
Country: UNITED KINGDOM


TOM M. L. WIGLEY
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: (303) 497-2690
Fax: (303) 497-2699
Email: wigley at ucar.edu
Contact Address:
NCAR/CGD
P.O. Box 3000
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80307-3000
Country: USA


Publications/References
Bottomley, M., C.K. Folland, J. Hsiung, R.E. Newell, and
D.E. Parker. 1990. "Global Ocean Surface Temperature Atlas (GOSTA)",
Joint Met. Office/MIT Project supported by U.S. Dept. of Energy, US
National Science Foundation, and US Office of Naval
Research. Publication funded by UK Depts. of Energy and
Environment. 20+iv pp and 313 plates. HMSO, London.

Briffa, K.R. and P.D. Jones. 1993. "Global surface air temperature
variations during the twentieth century: Part2 implications for
large-scale high-frequency paleoclimatic studies", The Holocene,
Vol. 3, pp. 77-88.

Folland, C.K., and D.E. Parker. 1995. Correction of instrumental
biases in historical sea surface temperature data. Quarterly Journal
of the Royal Meteorological Society 121:319-367.

Jones, P.D. 1988a. "Hemispheric surface air temperature variations:
Recent trends and an update to 1987", J. of Climate, Vol. 1,
pp. 654-660.

Jones, P.D. 1988b. "The influence of ENSO on global temperatures",
Climate Monitor, Vol. 17(3), pp. 80-89.

Jones, P.D. and K.R. Briffa. 1992. "Global surface air temperature
variations during the twentieth century: Part 1, spatial, temporal and
seasonal details", The Holocene, Vol. 2, pp. 165-179.

Jones, P.D., and T.M.L. Wigley. 1990. "Global warming trends",
Scientific American, Vol. 263, pp. 84-91.

Jones, P.D., S.C.B. Raper, B. Santer, B.S.G. Cherry, C. Goodess,
P.M. Kelly, J.M.L. Wigley, R.S. Bradley, and H.F. Diaz. 1985. "A grid
point surface air temperature data set for the Northern Hemisphere",
TR022, Carbon Dioxide Research Division, United States Department of
Energy, Washington, D.C.

Jones, P.D., S.C.B. Raper, R.S. Bradley, H.F. Diaz, P.M. Kelly, and
T.M.L. Wigley. 1986a. "Northern Hemisphere surface air temperature
variations: 1851-1984", J. of Climate and Applied Meteorology, Vol. 25
(2), pp. 161-179.

Jones, P.D., S.C.B. Raper, and T.M.L. Wigley. 1986b. "Southern
Hemisphere surface air temperature variations: 1851-1984", J. Climate
and Applied Meteorology, Vol. 25(9), pp. 1213-1230.

Jones, P.D., T.M.L. Wigley, and P.B. Wright. 1986c. "Global
temperature variations between 1861 and 1984", Nature, Vol. 322,
pp. 430-434.

Jones, P.D., S.C.B. Raper, C.M. Goodess, B.S.G. Cherry, and
T.M.L. Wigley. 1986d. "A grid point surface air temperature data set
for the Southern Hemisphere", TR027, Carbon Dioxide Research Division,
US Department of Energy, Washington, D.C.

Jones, P.D., T.M.L. Wigley, and G. Farmer. 1991. "Marine and land
temperature data sets: A comparison and a look at recent trends",
pp. 153-172. In M.E. Schlesinger (ed.), Greenhouse-Gas Induced
Climatic Change: A Critical Appraisal of Simulations and
Observations. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Jones, P.D., T.M.L. Wigley, and K.R. Briffa. 1994. "Global and
hemispheric temperature anomalies - land and marine instrumental
records", pp. 603-608. In T.A. Boden, D.P. Kaiser, R.J. Sepanski, and
F.W. Stoss (eds.), Trends '93: A Compendium of Data on Global
Change. ORNL/CDIAC-65. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak
Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

Jones, P.D., T.J. Osborn, K.R. Briffa, C.K. Folland, E.B. Horton,
L.V. Alexander, D.E. Parker, and N.A. Rayner, 2001. Adjusting for
sampling density in grid box land and ocean surface temperature time
series. Journal of Geophysical Research 106:3371-3380.

Parker, D. E., P. D. Jones, A. Bevan, and C. K. Folland. 1994.
Interdecadal changes of surface temperature since the 19th
century. Journal of Geophysical Research 99:14373-14399.

Parker, D. E., C. K. Folland, and M. Jackson. 1995. Marine surface
temperature: observed variations and data requirements. Climatic
Change 31:559-600.

Wigley, T.M.L., P.D. Jones, and S.C.B. Raper. 1997. The observed
global warming record: What does it tell us? Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.,
USA 94:8314-8320.

Wallace et al. 2000. Reconciling Observations of Global Temperature Change,
National Academy Press, Washington, D.C

Woodruff, S.D., R.J. Slutz, R.J. Jenne, and P.M. Steurer. 1987. "A
comprehensive ocean-atmosphere data set", Bulletin of the American
Meteorological Society, Vol. 80, pp. 1239-1247.

Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2002-04-15


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