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PFCs and Related Fluorochemicals in Albatrosses, Elephant Seals, Penguins and Polar Skua from the Southern Ocean
Entry ID: ECA043


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Summary
Abstract: This dataset investigates the presence of perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) in Adelie
penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) blood, unhatched Adelie penguin eggs and whole blood of
South Polar skua collected during 1995-2005. PFCs have been used as surfactants in
industrial and commercial products for over 50 years. PFCs are incredibly resistant to
breakdown and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) are
being considered for inclusion in the Stockholm Convention. PFOS was found in the blood
of elephant seals from Antarctica at concentrations ranging from <0.08 to 3.52 ng/ml. PFOS
was found in eggs (2.1-3.1 ng/g) and blood (<0.24-1.4 ng/ml) of polar skuas but was not
detected in penguins from Antarctica indicating distribution of these compounds on a global
scale even if contamination levels in the Antarctic is still low.

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1995-01-01
Stop Date: 2005-12-30


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >ECOTOXICOLOGY >SPECIES BIOACCUMULATION    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
ENVIRONMENT


Platform
FIXED OBSERVATION STATIONS    [Information]


Instrument
GC-MS >Gas Chromatograph/Mass Spectrometry    [Information]


Keywords
Adelie penguin
eggs
Southern Oceans


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Wadsworth Center, Department of Health, New York    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.wadsworth.org/

Data Center Personnel
Name: KURUNTHACHALAN KANNAN
Phone: 518-474-0015
Fax: 518-473-2895
Email: kkannan at wadsworth.org
Contact Address:
P.O.Box 509
City: Albany
Province or State: New York
Postal Code: 12201-0509
Country: USA


Publications/References
Tao L, Kannan K, Kajiwara N, Costa MM., Fillmann G, Takahashi S, Tanabe S (2006) Perfluorooctanesulfonate and Related Fluorochemicals in Albatrosses, Elephant Seals, Penguins, and Polar Skuas from the Southern Ocean. Environ Sci Technol. 40 (24), 7642 -7648

Corsolini, S., Kannan, K., Imagawa, T., Focardi, S., and Giesy, J. P., 2002: Polychloronaphthalenes and other dioxin-like compounds in Arctic and Antarctic marine food webs. Environmental Science & Technology, 36, 3490-3496.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2010-06-25
Last DIF Revision Date: 2010-06-30


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