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Isolated fungi from physical samples collected from four sites, two with human impact and two with little human influence to assess fungal biodiversity and the impact of humans
Entry ID: K021_1998_2008_NZ_3


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Summary
Abstract: Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artifacts were collected over the period of 2001-2006 from four sites in Ross Sea Region, including two sites with human impact (influence) and two sites with little human influence. The two sites of human impact include Cape Hallet and New Harbour. Cape Hallet (2005-2006), is the site of a large penguin colony, a large plant community consisting of mosses and lichens and the location of a research station from 1956 til 1973. It is the location of the first LGP study site from 2003-2006. New Harbour (2001-2002) is the site where a wooden crate, in 1959, was used for the transport of supplies and as a make shift cookhouse and work area by two New Zealand scientists. The two low human impacted areas were Mount Fleming (2001-2002) and Allen Hills (2003-2004). Both sites are remote and known locations of fossilized wood and coal. Fungi were isolated from these samples using a variety of techniques, media and temperatures. The results from these studies were used to determine fungal biodiversity, the impact of humans, and introduction of foreign fungi into a harsh environment and for comparison of fungal diversity between these sites and the Historic Era sites. The fungi isolated from these locations have been studied to determine adaption/survival strategies. All cultures are held in culture collections at The Universities of Waikato and Minnesota.

Related URL
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Description: Fungi cultures were sent to Zygem Pharmaceuticals for research. The ANTARCTIC BIOPROSPECTOR website provides details of research and commercialised products arising from biological samples that were sourced from the Antarctic region. This record ID number is 79. Alternatively use the Quick Search Function and enter Antarctic culture collection, Organisation Name = Zygem and Government = New


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Description: Investigators profile: Please contact the investigator for further information on the University of Waikato Antarctic Fungal Collection


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Description: University of Minnesota's project homepage. These are joint collaborators with the University of Waikato Publications (pdf) are available on this website.


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Antarctic Heritage Trust related information on historic huts fungi


Geographic Coverage
 N: -77.3167 S: -77.5667  E: 163.5  W: 158.8

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1999-01-17
Stop Date: 2008-01-24


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > ALLEN HILLS
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > MOUNT FLEMING
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > NEW HARBOUR
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE HALLETT
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >CONTAMINANT LEVELS/SPILLS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >INFRASTRUCTURE >BUILDINGS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >CONSERVATION    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >MICROFLORA    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >BACTERIA/ARCHAEA    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >FUNGI    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS >EVOLUTIONARY ADAPTATION    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS >INDIGENOUS/NATIVE SPECIES    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >COMMUNITY DYNAMICS >BIODIVERSITY FUNCTIONS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
ENVIRONMENT
STRUCTURE


Platform
FIELD SURVEYS    [Information]
FIELD INVESTIGATION    [Information]


Project
LGP >Latitudinal Gradient Project    [Information]
EBA >Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic    [Information]


Quality
Collected specimens and isolate samples are all held at the University of Waikato Antarctic Fungal Collection, PC2 facility as frozen glycerols at -80C. There are approximately 2,700 isolates. Approx 1,350 specimen were transferred to ZyGEM Corp Ltd, Culture Collection. Personal notebooks are held by the investigator. Physical samples of wood are held at the University of Minnesota and University of Waikato. Please contact the investigator for further information.


Access Constraints
Culture at the University of Waikato are used for research purposes and are also linked with Zygem Pharmaceuticals for research and are therefore not publically available. Please contact the investigator for more information.


Keywords
human impact
fossilized wood
adaption/survival strategies


Data Set Progress
IN WORK


Originating Center


Data Center
Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/

Data Center Personnel
Name: SHULAMIT GORDON
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Personnel
ROBERTA L FARRELL
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +64 7 838 4704
Fax: +64 7 838 4976
Email: r.farrell at waikato.ac.nz
Contact Address:
Department of Biological Sciences
The University of Waikato
Private Bag 3105
City: Hamilton
Postal Code: 3105
Country: New Zealand


CEISHA POIROT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: c.poirot at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


SHULAMIT GORDON
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Publications/References
Held, B. W., Jurgens, J. A., Duncan, S. M., Farrell, R. L., Blanchette, R. A. 2006. Assessment of fungal diversity and deterioration in a wooden structure at New Harbor, Antarctica. Polar Biology, DOI: 10.1007/s00300-005-0084-3.

Arenza, B.E., Held, B.W., Jurgens, J.A., Farrell, R.L. & Blanchette, R.A. 2006. Fungal diversity in soils and historic wood from the Ross Sea Region of Antarctica. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38,3057-3064.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2004-06-01
Last DIF Revision Date: 2009-01-26


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