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Fungi isolates from physical samples (soil, rock, wood, foodstuff, air, artifacts, etc) from heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region to determine fungal biodiversity
Entry ID: K021_1998_2011_NZ_1


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Summary
Abstract: Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artefacts were collected from six Heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region over the period of January 1999 to January 2008. These sites included the three historic huts at Hut Point, Cape Evans and Cape Royds on Ross Island (from 1998-2008), the historic hut at Cape Adare (2002-2003), the rock hut at Cape Crozier (2000-2001) and the Granite house at Cape Geology, Granite Harbour (2002-2003). Fungi were isolated from these samples using a variety of techniques (including spore traps), media and temperatures. The results from these studies were used to determine fungal biodiversity, the effect of the introduction of a nutrient source in a pristine environment on native fungal species, the impact of humans, and introduction of foreign fungi into a harsh environment. The fungi isolated from these locations have been studied to determine adaption/survival strategies. All cultures are held in culture collections at The Universities of Waikato and Minnesota. Huts and artefacts were digitally videotaped to compare the rate of deterioration from year to year. January 1990 samples: Hut Point >100 samples, Cape Evans >200 samples, Cape Royds >200 samples; December 1999 samples Hut Point >50 samples, Cape Evans >130 samples, Cape Royds >90 samples

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: Fungi cultures were sent to Zygem Pharmaceuticals for research. The ANTARCTIC BIOPROSPECTOR website provides details of research and commercialised products arising from biological samples that were sourced from the Antarctic region.
This record ID number is 79. Alternatively use the Quick Search Function and enter Antarctic culture collection, Organisation Name = Zygem and Government = New Zealand


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Description: Shona Duncan's PhD thesis


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Description: Investigators profile: Please contact the investigator for further information on the University of Waikato Antarctic Fungal Collection


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Description: University of Minnesota's project homepage. These are joint collaborators with the University of Waikato
Publications (pdf) are available on this website.


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Antarctic Heritage Trust related information on historic huts fungi


Geographic Coverage
 N: -71.3 S: -77.8472  E: 169.4  W: 162.5333
 N: -71.18 S: -77.5  E: 169.24  W: 162.32

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1999-01-17
Stop Date: 2010-01-31


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE GEOLOGY
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE CROZIER
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE ROYDS
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE ADARE
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > HUT POINT
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE EVANS
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >CONTAMINANT LEVELS/SPILLS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >INFRASTRUCTURE >BUILDINGS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >CONSERVATION    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >MICROFLORA    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >BACTERIA/ARCHAEA    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >FUNGI    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS >EVOLUTIONARY ADAPTATION    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS >INDIGENOUS/NATIVE SPECIES    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
ENVIRONMENT
STRUCTURE


Platform
FIELD SURVEYS    [Information]
FIELD INVESTIGATION    [Information]


Project
LGP >Latitudinal Gradient Project    [Information]
EBA >Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic    [Information]


Quality
Collected specimens and isolate samples are all held at the University of Waikato Antarctic Fungal Collection, PC2 facility as frozen glycerols at -80C. There are approximately 2,700 isolates. Approx 1,350 specimen were transferred to ZyGEM Corp Ltd, Culture Collection. Personal notebooks are held by the investigator. Physical samples of wood are held at the University of Minnesota and University of Waikato. Please contact the investigator for further information.


Access Constraints
Culture at the University of Waikato are used for research purposes and are also linked with Zygem Pharmaceuticals for research and are therefore not publically available. Please contact the investigator for more information.


Keywords
historic huts
bacteria
fungi
biodiversity
human exploration
ezymatic decay
Hut Point
Cape Royds
Cape Evans
Heroic Period
microbial biology


Data Set Progress
IN WORK


Data Center
Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/

Data Center Personnel
Name: SHULAMIT GORDON
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Personnel
ROBERTA L FARRELL
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +64 7 838 4704
Fax: +64 7 838 4976
Email: r.farrell at waikato.ac.nz
Contact Address:
Department of Biological Sciences
The University of Waikato
Private Bag 3105
City: Hamilton
Postal Code: 3105
Country: New Zealand


CEISHA POIROT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: c.poirot at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


SHULAMIT GORDON
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Publications/References
Blanchette, R.A., Held, B.W., Arenz, B.E., Jurgens, J.A., Baltes, N.J., Duncan, S.M. and Farrell, R.L. 2010. An Antarctic hot spot for fungi at Shackleton’s historic hut on Cape Royds. Microbial Ecology 60(1): 29-38. doi: 10.1007/s00248-010-9664z

Duncan, S.M., Farrell, R.L., Jordan, N., Jurgens, J.A. and Blanchette, R.A. 2010. Monitoring and identification of airborne fungi at historic locations on Ross Island, Antarctica. Polar Science (in press) doi:10.1016/j.polar.2010.03.008

Wery, N., Gerike, U., Sharman, A., Chaudhuri, J.B., Hough, D.W. and Danson, M.J. 2009. Use of a packed column bioreactor for isolation of diverse protease-producing bacteria from Antarctic soil. Applied and environmental microbiology 69: 1457-1464.

Blanchette, R.A., Held, B.W. And Farrell, R.L. 2002. Defibration of wood in the expedition huts of Antarctica: an unusual deterioration process occurring in the polar environment. Polar Record 38: 313-322.

Blanchette, R.A., Held, B.W., Jurgens, J.A., Aislabie, J., Duncan, S. And Farrell, R.L. 2004. Environmental pollutants from the Scott and Shackleton expeditions during the 'Heroic Age' of Antarctica exploration. Polar Record 40: 143-151.

Blanchette, R.A., Held, B.W., Jurgens, J.A., McNew, D.L., Harrington, T.C., Duncan, S.M. And Farrell, R.A. 2004. Wood-destroying soft rot fungi in the historic expedition huts of Antarctica. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 70: 1328-1335.

Held, B.W., Jurgens, J.A., Duncan, S.M., Farrell, R.L. And Blanchette, R.A. 2005. Assessment of fungal diversity and deterioration in a wooden structure at New Harbour, Antarctica. Polar Biology DOI 10.1004/s00300-005-0084-3

Held, B.W., Jurgens, J.A., Arenz, B.E., Duncan, S.M., Farrell, R.L. And Blachette, R.A. 2005. Environmental factors influencing microbial growth inside the historic expedition huts of Ross Island, Antarctica. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 55: 45-53.

Duncan, S.M., Farrell, R.L., Thwaites, J.M., Held, B.W., Arenz, B.E., Jurgens, J.A. And Blanchette, R.A. 2006. Endoglucanase-producing fungi isolated from Cape Evans historic expedition hut on Ross Island, Antarctica. Environmental Microbiology 8:1212-1219

Arenz, B.E., Held, B.W., Jurgens, J.A., Farrell, R.L. And Blanchette, R.A. 2006. Fungal diversity in soils and historic wood from the Ross Sea Region of Antarctica. Soil and Biology and Biochemistry 38: 3057-3064.

Duncan, S.M., Minasaki, R., Farrell, R.A., Thwaites, J.M., Held, B.W., Arena, B.E., Jurgens, J.A. and Blanchette, R.A. 2008. Screening fungi isolated from historic Discovery Hut on Ross Island, Antarctica for cellulose degradation. Antarctic Science DOI: 10.1017/S0954102008001314

Farrell, R. L., R. A. Blanchette, M. Auger, S. M. Duncan, B. W. Held, J. A. Jurgens, and R. Minasaki. 2004. Scientific evaluation of deterioration in historic huts of Ross Island, Antarctica. In: S. Barr and P. Chaplin (Eds.), Polar Monuments and Sites: Cutural Heritage in the Arctic and Antarctica Regions. ICOMOS Monuments and Sites Number VIII. Available from the International Polar Heritage Committee

Blanchette, R.A., 2003. Deterioration in Historic and Archaeological Woods from Terrestrial Sites. In: Koestler, R.J., Koestler, V.R., Charola, A.E., and Nieto-Fernandez, F.E., (Eds.), Art, Biology, and Conservation: Biodeterioration of Works of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 328-347. PDF reprint

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2004-06-01
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-05-31


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