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The evolution of microsatellite and mitochondrial genes of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) from DNA samples taken from stratified subfossil penguin bones at penguin colonies
Entry ID: K030_1996_1999_NZ_1


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Summary
Abstract: Evolutionary changes in microsatellite and mitochondrial genes of Adelie penguins was investigated to provide knowledge about the genetic processes and mechanisms that give rise to variation and change on the genome. Serially preserved ancient DNA deposits of the penguins were able to be obtained from stratified deposits of subfossil penguin bones built up over time at penguin colonies at Cape Bird, Cape Crozier, Beaufort Island, sites in the Adelie Land Coast including Sabrina Islet, numerous sites at Cape Adare and sites in Terra Nova Bay including Seaview Bay, Northfoot Hills, Inexpressible Island, at the rear of Terra Nova Station and from Edmonson Point. The bones were obtained by digging down into the guano and sampling the bones found at different levels. DNA was extracted from the subfossil material and using PCR and DNA sequencing, the DNA was analysed by comparing microsatellite and mitochondrial genes. Negative controls containing only soils were also collected. As part of this study, the genetic variation in living populations was also determined by obtaining DNA samples (tissue and/or blood) from a number of colonies around Antarctica including Cape Royds, Cape Bird, Cape Crozier, Beaufort Island, Anver Island (Antarctic peninsula), Cape Hallett, Cape Wheatstone, Franklin Island, sites from the Adelie Land Coast including Sabrina Islet, Balleny Islands, Cape Adare, Port Martin and three sites inTerra Nova Bay including Inexpressible Island, Adelie Cove and Edmonson Point. All samples were analysed for microsatellite and mitochondrial genes.
Geographic Coverage
 N: -70.0 S: -78.0  E: 170.0  W: 160.0
 N: -66.5 S: -71.25  E: 170.25  W: 141.0

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1997-01-05
Stop Date: 1997-01-16

Start Date: 1998-01-05
Stop Date: 1998-01-21

Start Date: 1998-12-21
Stop Date: 1999-01-11

Start Date: 2000-01-03
Stop Date: 2000-01-31

Start Date: 2000-12-18
Stop Date: 2001-01-05


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > BEAUFORT ISLAND
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > ANVER ISLAND
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE HALLETT
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE WHEATSTONE
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > FRANKLIN ISLAND
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > BALLENY ISLANDS
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE ADARE
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > PORT MARTIN
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > SABRINA ISLET
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE BIRD
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > ROSS ISLAND
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE ROYDS
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE CROZIER
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > INEXPRESSIBLE ISLAND
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > TERRA NOVA BAY
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > ADELIE COVE
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
AGRICULTURE >ANIMAL SCIENCE >ANIMAL BREEDING AND GENETICS    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES >BIRDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS >MUTATION RATES    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
ENVIRONMENT


Platform
FIELD SURVEYS    [Information]
LABORATORY    [Information]


Quality
The data was collected for a PhD and MSc study. All data is contained in the theses. Further information may be obtainable from the investigator.


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/

Data Center Personnel
Name: SHULAMIT GORDON
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Personnel
DAVID LAMBERT
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +61 7 373 55298
Fax: +61 7 373 57459
Email: d.lambert at griffith.edu.at
Contact Address:
Griffith School of Environment
Griffith School of Biomolecular and Physical Science
Griffith University
170 Kessels Road
City: Nathan
Province or State: Queensland
Postal Code: 4111
Country: Australia


CEISHA POIROT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: c.poirot at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


SHULAMIT GORDON
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Publications/References
Lambert, D.M. Ritchie, P.A. Millar, C.D. Holland, B. Drummond, A.J. Baroni, C. Rates of evolution in ancient DNA from Adélie penguins. Science 295(March): 2270-2273, 2002.

Lambert, D., Millar, C., Swaminathan, S. And Baroni, C. 2010. Evolution on a frozen continent. American Scientist 98: 386-393.

Ritchie, P.A. Lambert, D.M. A repeat complex in the mitochondrial control region of Adélie penguins from Antarctica. Genome 43: 1-6, 2000.

Ritchie, P.A. The evolution of the mitochondrial control region in the Adélie penguins of Antarctica. Ph.D., Massey University : . 2001.

Ritchie, P.A. Millar, C.D. Gibb, G.C. Baroni, C. Lambert, D.M. Ancient DNA enables timing of the Pleistocene origin and Holocene expansion of two Adelie penguin lineages in Antarctica. Molecular biology and evolution 21(2): 240-248, 2004.

Roeder, A.D. Marshall, R.K. Mitchelson, A.J. Visagathilagar, T. Ritchie, P.A. Love, D.R. Pakai, T.J. McPartlan, H.C. Murray, N.D. Robinson, N.A. et al. Gene flow on the ice: genetic differentiation among Adélie penguin colonies around Antarctica. Molecular ecology 10: 1645-1656, 2001.

Roeder, A. Ritchie, P.A. Lambert, D.M. New DNA markers for penguins. Conservation genetics 3(3): 341-344, 2002.

Shepherd, L. The evolution of microsatellite DNA in ancient and modern populations of Adélie penguins in Antarctica. M.Sc., Massey University 2001.

Shepherd, L.D. Millar, C.D. Ballard, G. Ainley, D.G. Wilson, P.R. Haynes, G.D. Baroni, C. Lambert, D.M. Microevolution and mega-icebergs in the Antarctic. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 102(46): 16717-16722, 2005.

Lambert, D.M. 2005. Ancient DNA from the ‘Southern End of the World’. 60th Cawthron Lecture, Cawthron Institute, Nelson.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2008-10-06
Last DIF Revision Date: 2010-12-08


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