Portal Home
Record Search Query: Projects>J - L>LGP
The structural and functional diversity of the shallow-water benthic community at Terra Nova Bay
Entry ID: K082_2001_2002_NZ_2


[ Update this Record ]

Summary
Abstract: The biodiversity of the seafloor community at Terra Nova Bay was investigated to determine the structural and functional diversity of the benthic community and to extend the latitudinal gradient survey beyond McMurdo Sound. Three dive sites were established in Tethys Bay in the 02-03 season. Two 20m transect lines were laid on the seafloor within the 15-25m depth stratum starting from haphazardly chosen starting points. The transects were videoed using a diver-held digital video camera at a fixed height of (a) 70cm above the bottom (for the broader scale analysis of habitat structure) and (b) 40cm above the bottom (to allow for more accurate species identifications). Along one of the 20m transects, core samples were collected from five randomly chosen positions. At each position, two small sediment cores (20mm diam., 50mm deep) were collected, one to determine sediment grain size and benthic chlorophyll a content and one to determine the natural stable isotope signature of carbon and nitrogen of the sediment. Also at each position, one large core (70mm diam., 100mm deep) was collected to estimate the abundance and diversity of the benthic macrofauna. Video sampling was stratified by habitat and additional footage was taken of biota in the study area for a general picture of the site. In addition to the survey work, a video sledge was used to survey deeper areas of the seafloor from the Malippo (Italian program boat). The sledge consisted of two frame-mounted high resolution colour CCD video cameras with independent light sources scaling lasers and depth/heading instrumentation. The equipment was towed along the seafloor behind the boat and its position recorded using GPS. The sledge was kept approx 1m above the seafloor. Two transects were surveyed running south of Faraglione in deep water (one at 50-80m, the other at 90-110m) and 10 locations along each video transect were sampled using a Van Veen grab. From each grab, 2 cores of sediment were collected (5cm diam, 10cm deep) to determine grain size, stable isotope signature and benthic chlorophyll concentration. In addition, a shallower area (30-40m) was surveyed nearer to Faraglione. In the 06-07 season two further locations, Gerlache Inlet and south of Tethys Bay were survey with the above methods. The effects of disturbance by anchor ice on epibenthic flora and fauna was investigated at south Tethys Bay also and remote video sampling was conducted in the wider Terra Nova bay area to allow a more general picture of the benthos of the region to be developed.

Related URL
Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: LGP-Latitudinal Gradient Project


Parent DIF
This data set description is a member of a collection. The collection is described in
K082_2001_2007_NZ


Geographic Coverage
 N: -74.05 S: -74.683  E: 164.1  W: 164.05
 Min Depth: 0  Max Depth: 110 M

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 2003-01-16
Stop Date: 2006-11-27


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > TERRA NOVA BAY
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >PLANTS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >BENTHIC HABITAT    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >COASTAL HABITAT    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >COMMUNITY DYNAMICS >COMMUNITY STRUCTURE    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
OCEANS


Project
LGP >Latitudinal Gradient Project    [Information]
EBA >Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic    [Information]


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/

Data Center Personnel
Name: SHULAMIT GORDON
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Personnel
VONDA CUMMINGS
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +64 7 856 7026
Fax: +64 7 856 0151
Email: v.cummings at niwa.co.nz
Contact Address:
NIWA
PO Box 11-115
City: Hamilton
Country: New Zealand


SHULAMIT GORDON
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Publications/References
Norkko, A. Thrush, S.F. Cummings, V.J. Gibbs, M.M. Andrew, N.L. Norkko, J. Schwarz, A-M. Trophic structure of coastal Antarctic food webs associated with changes in sea ice and food supply. Ecology 88: 2810-2820, 2007.

Thrush, S.F., Hewitt, J.E., Cummings, V.J., Norkko, A. And Chiantore, M. 2010. ß-Diversity and species accumulation in Antarctic coastal benthos: Influence of habitat, distance and productivity on ecological connectivity. PLOS One 5(7): e11899 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011899

Thrush, S. Dayton, P. Cattaneo-Vietti, R. Chiantore, M. Cummings, V. Andrew, N. Hawes, I. Kim, S. Kvitek, R. Schwarz, A.-M. Broad-scale factors influencing the biodiversity of coastal benthic communities of the Ross Sea. Deep-sea research II 53: 959-971, 2006.

Grotti, M. Soggia, F. Lagomarsino, C. Dalla Riva, S. Goessler, W. Francesconi, K.A. 2008 Natural variability and distribution of trace elements in marine organisms from Antarctic coastal environments. Antarctic science 20(1): 39-51 DOI: 10.1017/S0954102007000831

Norkko, J. Norkko, A. Thrush, S.F. Cummings, V.J. 2005 Detecting growth under environmental extremes: Spatial and temporal patterns in nucleic acid ratios in two Antarctic bivalves. Journal of experimental marine biology and ecology 326: 144-156

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2005-10-11
Last DIF Revision Date: 2010-12-08


  Reformat as FGDC document



[ Update this Record ]